Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hansen Solubility Parameters

A User's Handbook, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Charles M. Hansen

CRC Press

544 pages | 99 B/W Illus.

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Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials.

To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe “designer” solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications.

Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.


Hansen (retired from the FORCE Institute in Broenby Denmark) describes the techniques he developed that allow correlations and systemic comparisons in the science of polymer solvents. Most commonly used in the coatings industry for the selection of solvents, the techniques assess polymer solubility, swelling, permeation, surface wetting, and the solubility of organic salts. The approach not only quantitatively describes hydrogen bonding and polar bonding in many types of systems, but in fact agrees with and extends the very general Prigogine theory. The second edition adds two chapters on environmental stress cracking and absorption/diffusion in polymers.”

SciTech Book News, December 2007

Table of Contents

Solubility Parameters — An Introduction; C.M. Hansen

Hildebrand Parameters and Basic Polymer Solution Thermodynamics

Hansen Solubility Parameters

Methods and Problems in the Determination of Partial Solubility Parameters

Calculation of the Dispersion Solubility Parameter δd

Calculation of the Polar Solubility Parameter δp

Calculation of the Hydrogen Bonding Solubility Parameter δh

Supplementary Calculations And Procedures

Hansen Solubility Parameters for Water

Theory — The Prigogine Corresponding States Theory, the c12 Interaction Parameter, and the Hansen Solubility Parameters; C.M. Hansen

Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP)

Resemblance Between Predictions of Hansen Solubility Parameters and Corresponding States Theories

The c12Parameter and Hansen Solubility Parameters

Comparison of Calculated and Experimental c12 Parameters

General Discussion


Statistical Thermodynamic Calculations of the Hydrogen Bonding, Dipolar, and Dispersion Solubility Parameters; C. Panayiotou



Discussion and Conclusions

Appendix I: The Acid Dimerization

Appendix II: An Alternative Form of the Polar Term

Appendix III: A Group-Contribution Method for the Prediction of δ and δD

Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP) in Thermodynamic Models for Polymer Solutions; G.M. Kontogeorgis

Group Contribution Methods for Estimating Properties of Polymers

Activity Coefficients Models Using the HSP

Conclusions and Future Challenges

Appendix I: An Expression of the FH Model for Multicomponent Mixture

Methods of Characterization — Polymers; C.M. Hansen

Calculation of Polymer HSP

Solubility — Examples

Swelling — Examples

Melting Point Determinations — Effect of Temperature

Environmental Stress Cracking

Intrinsic Viscosity Measurements

Other Measurement Techniques

Methods of Characterization — Surfaces; C.M. Hansen

Hansen Solubility Parameter Correlations with Surface Tension (Surface Free Energy)

Method to Evaluate the Cohesion Energy Parameters for Surfaces

A Critical View of the Critical Surface Tensions

A Critical View of the Wetting Tension

Additional Hansen Solubility Parameter Surface Characterizations and Comparisons

Self-Stratifying Coatings

Maximizing Physical Adhesion

Methods of Characterization for Pigments, Fillers, and Fibers; C.M. Hansen

Methods to Characterize Pigment, Filler, and Fiber Surfaces

Discussion — Pigments, Fillers, and Fibers

Hansen Solubility Parameter Correlation of Zeta Potential for Blanc Fixe

Carbon Fiber Surface Characterization

Controlled Adsorption (Self-Assembly)

Applications — Coatings and Other Filled Polymer Systems; C.M. Hansen


Techniques for Data Treatment

Solvents and Surface Phenomena in Coatings (Self-Assembly)

Polymer Compatibility

Hansen Solubility Parameter Principles Applied to Understanding Other Filled Polymer Systems

Hansen Solubility Parameters of Asphalt, Bitumen and Crude Oils; P. Redelius

Models of Bitumen


Molecular Weight


Solubility Parameters of Bitumen

Testing of Bitumen Solubility

Hildebrand Solubility Parameters

Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP)

The Solubility Sphere

Computer Program for Calculation and Plotting of the Hansen 3D Pseudosphere

Components of Bitumen

Bitumen and Polymers

Crude Oil

Turbidimetric Titrations


Determination of Hansen Solubility Parameter Values for Carbon Dioxide; L.L. Williams


One-Component Hildebrand Parameter as a Function of Temperature and Pressure

Three-Component (Hansen) Solubility Parameters — Pure CO2

Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δd

Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δp

Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δh


Appendix I: Ideal Solubility of Gases in Liquids and Published CO2 Solubility Data

Use of Hansen Solubility Parameters to Identify Cleaning Applications for “Designer” Solvents; J. Durkee

A Variety of Solvents

Pathology of Soils

HSP of Multiple-Component Soils

Method for Calculating HSP of Composites (Soils or Solvents)

More Realistic View About Evaluating HSP of Composite Soils

Method for Choice of Suitable Solvents

Reference Soils for Comparison

Identification of Designer Solvents

An Open Question — Answered

Limiting RA Value For Expected Good Cleaning Performance

Application of HSP Methodology to Cleaning Operations

Analysis of Capability of Designer Solvents

Applications — Chemical Resistance; C.M. Hansen

Chemical Resistance — Acceptable-or-Not Data

Effects of Solvent Molecular Size

Chemical Resistance — Examples

Special Effects with Water

Applications — Barrier Polymers; C.M. Hansen

Concentration-Dependent Diffusion

Solubility Parameter Correlations Based on Permeation Phenomena

Solubility Parameter Correlation of Polymer Swelling

Solubility Parameter Correlation of Permeation Coefficients for Gases

General Considerations

Applications – Environmental Stress Cracking in Polymers; C.M. Hansen

ESC Interpreted Using HSP

ESC With Nonabsorbing Stress Cracking Initiators

Hansen Solubility Parameters — Biological Materials; C.M. Hansen and T. Svenstrup Poulsen

Hydrophobic Bonding and Hydrophilic Bonding (Self-Association)




Human Skin

Proteins — Blood Serum and Zein

Chlorophyll and Lignin

Wood Chemicals and Polymers



Surface Mobility

Chiral Rotation, Hydrogen Bonding, and Nanoengineering

Absorption and Diffusion in Polymers; C.M. Hansen

Steady State Permeation

The Diffusion Equation

Surface Resistance

Side Effects

Film Formation by Solvent Evaporation

Anomalous Diffusion (Case II, Super Case II)

Applications — Safety and Environment; C.M. Hansen


Alternative Systems

Solvent Formulation And Personal Protection For Least Risk

The Danish Mal System — The Fan

Selection of Chemical Protective Clothing

Uptake of Contents by a Plastic Container

Skin Penetration

Transport Phenomena

The Future

Hansen Solubility Parameter Data and Data Quality

Group Contribution Methods

Polymers as Points — Solvents as Spheres

Characterizing Surfaces

Materials and Processes Suggested for Further Attention

Theoretical Problems Awaiting Future Resolution


Hansen Solubility Parameters for Selected Solvents with the major contribution of Hanno Priebe

Hansen Solubility Parameters for Selected Correlations

Solubility Data for the Original 33 Polymers and 88 Solvents


* Each Chapter contains an Abstract, an Introduction, and a Conclusion. Many chapters may also include Acknowledgements, Additional Discussions or General Comments/Considerations, and chapter-specific Key Words, Abbreviations, and Symbols

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical