2nd Edition

Hansen Solubility Parameters A User's Handbook, Second Edition

By Charles M. Hansen Copyright 2007
    544 Pages 99 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials.

    To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe “designer” solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications.

    Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.

    Solubility Parameters — An Introduction; C.M. Hansen
    Hildebrand Parameters and Basic Polymer Solution Thermodynamics
    Hansen Solubility Parameters
    Methods and Problems in the Determination of Partial Solubility Parameters
    Calculation of the Dispersion Solubility Parameter δd
    Calculation of the Polar Solubility Parameter δp
    Calculation of the Hydrogen Bonding Solubility Parameter δh
    Supplementary Calculations And Procedures
    Hansen Solubility Parameters for Water
    Theory — The Prigogine Corresponding States Theory, the c12 Interaction Parameter, and the Hansen Solubility Parameters; C.M. Hansen
    Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP)
    Resemblance Between Predictions of Hansen Solubility Parameters and Corresponding States Theories
    The c12Parameter and Hansen Solubility Parameters
    Comparison of Calculated and Experimental c12 Parameters
    General Discussion
    Statistical Thermodynamic Calculations of the Hydrogen Bonding, Dipolar, and Dispersion Solubility Parameters; C. Panayiotou
    Discussion and Conclusions
    Appendix I: The Acid Dimerization
    Appendix II: An Alternative Form of the Polar Term
    Appendix III: A Group-Contribution Method for the Prediction of δ and δD
    Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP) in Thermodynamic Models for Polymer Solutions; G.M. Kontogeorgis
    Group Contribution Methods for Estimating Properties of Polymers
    Activity Coefficients Models Using the HSP
    Conclusions and Future Challenges
    Appendix I: An Expression of the FH Model for Multicomponent Mixture
    Methods of Characterization — Polymers; C.M. Hansen
    Calculation of Polymer HSP
    Solubility — Examples
    Swelling — Examples
    Melting Point Determinations — Effect of Temperature
    Environmental Stress Cracking
    Intrinsic Viscosity Measurements
    Other Measurement Techniques
    Methods of Characterization — Surfaces; C.M. Hansen
    Hansen Solubility Parameter Correlations with Surface Tension (Surface Free Energy)
    Method to Evaluate the Cohesion Energy Parameters for Surfaces
    A Critical View of the Critical Surface Tensions
    A Critical View of the Wetting Tension
    Additional Hansen Solubility Parameter Surface Characterizations and Comparisons
    Self-Stratifying Coatings
    Maximizing Physical Adhesion
    Methods of Characterization for Pigments, Fillers, and Fibers; C.M. Hansen
    Methods to Characterize Pigment, Filler, and Fiber Surfaces
    Discussion — Pigments, Fillers, and Fibers
    Hansen Solubility Parameter Correlation of Zeta Potential for Blanc Fixe
    Carbon Fiber Surface Characterization
    Controlled Adsorption (Self-Assembly)
    Applications — Coatings and Other Filled Polymer Systems; C.M. Hansen
    Techniques for Data Treatment
    Solvents and Surface Phenomena in Coatings (Self-Assembly)
    Polymer Compatibility
    Hansen Solubility Parameter Principles Applied to Understanding Other Filled Polymer Systems
    Hansen Solubility Parameters of Asphalt, Bitumen and Crude Oils; P. Redelius
    Models of Bitumen
    Molecular Weight
    Solubility Parameters of Bitumen
    Testing of Bitumen Solubility
    Hildebrand Solubility Parameters
    Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP)
    The Solubility Sphere
    Computer Program for Calculation and Plotting of the Hansen 3D Pseudosphere
    Components of Bitumen
    Bitumen and Polymers
    Crude Oil
    Turbidimetric Titrations
    BISOM Test
    Determination of Hansen Solubility Parameter Values for Carbon Dioxide; L.L. Williams
    One-Component Hildebrand Parameter as a Function of Temperature and Pressure
    Three-Component (Hansen) Solubility Parameters — Pure CO2
    Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δd
    Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δp
    Temperature and Pressure Effects on HSPs: δh
    Appendix I: Ideal Solubility of Gases in Liquids and Published CO2 Solubility Data
    Use of Hansen Solubility Parameters to Identify Cleaning Applications for “Designer” Solvents; J. Durkee
    A Variety of Solvents
    Pathology of Soils
    HSP of Multiple-Component Soils
    Method for Calculating HSP of Composites (Soils or Solvents)
    More Realistic View About Evaluating HSP of Composite Soils
    Method for Choice of Suitable Solvents
    Reference Soils for Comparison
    Identification of Designer Solvents
    An Open Question — Answered
    Limiting RA Value For Expected Good Cleaning Performance
    Application of HSP Methodology to Cleaning Operations
    Analysis of Capability of Designer Solvents
    Applications — Chemical Resistance; C.M. Hansen
    Chemical Resistance — Acceptable-or-Not Data
    Effects of Solvent Molecular Size
    Chemical Resistance — Examples
    Special Effects with Water
    Applications — Barrier Polymers; C.M. Hansen
    Concentration-Dependent Diffusion

    Solubility Parameter Correlations Based on Permeation Phenomena

    Solubility Parameter Correlation of Polymer Swelling
    Solubility Parameter Correlation of Permeation Coefficients for Gases
    General Considerations
    Applications – Environmental Stress Cracking in Polymers; C.M. Hansen
    ESC Interpreted Using HSP
    ESC With Nonabsorbing Stress Cracking Initiators
    Hansen Solubility Parameters — Biological Materials; C.M. Hansen and T. Svenstrup Poulsen
    Hydrophobic Bonding and Hydrophilic Bonding (Self-Association)
    Human Skin
    Proteins — Blood Serum and Zein
    Chlorophyll and Lignin
    Wood Chemicals and Polymers
    Surface Mobility
    Chiral Rotation, Hydrogen Bonding, and Nanoengineering
    Absorption and Diffusion in Polymers; C.M. Hansen
    Steady State Permeation
    The Diffusion Equation
    Surface Resistance
    Side Effects
    Film Formation by Solvent Evaporation
    Anomalous Diffusion (Case II, Super Case II)
    Applications — Safety and Environment; C.M. Hansen
    Alternative Systems
    Solvent Formulation And Personal Protection For Least Risk
    The Danish Mal System — The Fan
    Selection of Chemical Protective Clothing
    Uptake of Contents by a Plastic Container
    Skin Penetration
    Transport Phenomena
    The Future
    Hansen Solubility Parameter Data and Data Quality
    Group Contribution Methods
    Polymers as Points — Solvents as Spheres
    Characterizing Surfaces
    Materials and Processes Suggested for Further Attention
    Theoretical Problems Awaiting Future Resolution
    Hansen Solubility Parameters for Selected Solvents with the major contribution of Hanno Priebe
    Hansen Solubility Parameters for Selected Correlations
    Solubility Data for the Original 33 Polymers and 88 Solvents
    * Each Chapter contains an Abstract, an Introduction, and a Conclusion. Many chapters may also include Acknowledgements, Additional Discussions or General Comments/Considerations, and chapter-specific Key Words, Abbreviations, and Symbols


    Charles M. Hansen

    Hansen (retired from the FORCE Institute in Broenby Denmark) describes the techniques he developed that allow correlations and systemic comparisons in the science of polymer solvents. Most commonly used in the coatings industry for the selection of solvents, the techniques assess polymer solubility, swelling, permeation, surface wetting, and the solubility of organic salts. The approach not only quantitatively describes hydrogen bonding and polar bonding in many types of systems, but in fact agrees with and extends the very general Prigogine theory. The second edition adds two chapters on environmental stress cracking and absorption/diffusion in polymers.”
    SciTech Book News, December 2007