1st Edition

Hard Rock Mine Reclamation From Prediction to Management of Acid Mine Drainage

Edited By Bruno Bussière, Marie Guittonny Copyright 2021
    408 Pages 158 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    408 Pages 158 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Hard rock mines have significant effects on the territories where they operate, through both infrastructure construction as well as resource use. Due to their extractive activities, these mines store large quantities of wastes at the surface, which can be both physically and chemically unstable. Reclamation aims to return a mine site to a satisfactory state, meaning that the site should not threaten human health or security, should not generate in the long term any contaminant that could significantly affect the surrounding environment, and should be aesthetically acceptable to communities. This book focuses on the reclamation of waste storage areas, which constitute the main source of pollution during and after mine operations, and especially issues with acid mine drainage and neutral contaminated drainage.


    • Provides fundamental information and describes practical methods to reclaim mine-waste facilities
    • Compares the different methods and illustrates their application at sites through case studies
    • Identifies new reclamation issues and proposes solutions to address them
    • Presents existing and new technologies to reclaim mine waste disposal areas from hard rock mines in different climatic conditions
    • Integrates reclamation into mine operations and long term performance of techniques used through an interdisciplinary approach

    With mine site reclamation a young and still emerging science, the training needs for professionals and students working in this field are huge. This book is written from an engineering point of view and in it the authors identify new reclamation issues and propose well-tested as well as innovative approaches to addressing them. Students in graduate programs focused on mines and the environment as well as professionals already working in departments related to mine site reclamation will find this book to be a valuable and essential resource.

    Chapter 1 Generation of Acid Mine Drainage

    Benoît Plante, Gary Schudel, and Mostafa Benzaazoua

    Chapter 2 Prediction of Acid Mine Drainage

    Benoît Plante, Gary Schudel, and Mostafa Benzaazoua

    Chapter 3 Water, Gas, and Heat Movement in Cover Materials

    Mamert Mbonimpa, Vincent Boulanger-Martel, Bruno Bussière, and Abdelkabir Maqsoud

    Chapter 4 Low Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Covers

    Abdelkabir Maqsoud, Bruno Bussière, and Mamert Mbonimpa

    Chapter 5 Store-and-Release Covers

    Bruno Bussière and G. Ward Wilson

    Chapter 6 Water Covers

    Akué Sylvette Awoh, Mamert Mbonimpa, and Bruno Bussière

    Chapter 7 Covers with Capillary Barrier Effects

    Isabelle Demers and Thomas Pabst

    Chapter 8 Elevated Water Table with Monolayer Covers

    Thomas Pabst

    Chapter 9 Insulation Covers

    Vincent Boulanger-Martel, Bruno Bussière, and Jean Côté

    Chapter 10 Monitoring the Performance of Mine Site Reclamation

    Bruno Bussière, Thomas Pabst, Vincent Boulanger-Martel, Marie Guittonny, Benoit Plante, Carmen Neculita, Sylvette Awoh, Mamert Mbonimpa, Isabelle Demers, Abdelkabir Maqsoud, Adrien Dimech, and Pier-Luc Labonté-Raymond

    Chapter 11 Passive Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage at the Reclamation Stage

    Carmen M. Neculita, Gérald J. Zagury, and Bruno Bussière

    Chapter 12 Revegetation of Mine Sites

    Marie Guittonny

    Chapter 13 Alternative and Innovative Integrated Mine Waste Management Approaches

    Isabelle Demers and Thomas Pabst

    Chapter 14 Long-Term Evolution of Reclamation Performance

    Bruno Bussière and Marie Guittonny


    Bruno Bussière is professor at the Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT), where he holds the position of scientific director of the Research Institute on Mines and the Environment (RIME UQAT-Polytechnique) at Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT) and Chair holder of the Industrial NSERC-UQAT Chair on Mine Site Reclamation. His teaching and research activities mostly relate to mining geotechnique and hydrogeology, including constitutive and numerical modeling of unsaturated flow in soils and mine wastes, characterization of tailings and backfill behavior, passive mine water treatment, hydrogeotechnical aspects of mine wastes disposal, mine water quality prediction, mineral separation in tailings, and reclamation methods for surface disposal sites including control of acid mine drainage and contaminated neutral drainage. He has published 135 referred papers, 200 conference articles and has contributed to the training of 60 specialists. He received the 2004 CGS Colloquium award, the 2012 ADRIQ-NSERC prize for his IRC and was appointed Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering in 2016.

    Marie Guittonny-Larchevêque is a biologist and assistant professor in mine revegetation since 2013 at the research institute in mines and environment of the Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue. Her research interests consist in apprehending plant and mine substrates’ relationships to ensure the success of mine site reclamation in the long term. She has 12 years of experience in research aiming at rehabilitating degraded sites. For the past six years, she has worked at overcoming the limitations of mine wastes to establish vegetation and at studying plant effects on the performance of mine reclamation methods, especially covers.