Hazardous Chemicals: Safety Management and Global Regulations, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Hazardous Chemicals

Safety Management and Global Regulations, 1st Edition

By T.S.S. Dikshith

CRC Press

680 pages

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An easily accessible guide to scientific information, Hazardous Chemicals: Safety Management and Global Regulations covers proper management, precautions, and related global regulations on the safety management of chemical substances. The book helps workers and safety personnel prevent and minimize the consequences of catastrophic releases of toxic, reactive, flammable, or explosive chemical substances, which often result in toxic or explosive hazards. It also details safety measures for transportation of chemical substances by different routes, such as by road, rail, air, and sea.

  • Discusses different aspects of potentially toxic and hazardous chemicals in simple and comprehensive language
  • Provides toxicity and health effects of chemicals in simple, nontechnical language
  • Covers scientific information on hazardous and potentially dangerous chemical substances at workplaces
  • Offers fundamental knowledge about the biological and health effects of hazardous and potentially toxic chemicals in a comprehensive way
  • Includes recent developments on safety management of hazardous and potentially toxic chemicals and related global regulations

The author discusses the importance of knowledge in avoiding negligence during the use and handling of hazardous chemical substances. He stresses the importance of proper management and judicious application of each chemical substance irrespective of the workplace and eventually shows how safety and protection of the user, workplace, and the living environment can be achieved.


"This book is mainly a listing of the hazardous properties and commercial uses for several hundred common chemicals. … the format appears to be quite useful … information is presented as readily understandable blocks of text, rather than just numeric values. … Summing Up: Recommended."

H E. Pence, emeritus, SUNY College at Oneonta, CHOICE, February 2014

"The power of this book is the consistent summary of the hazards and advice on reducing exposures to a wide range of chemicals. … Students, chemical safety officials, and industrial hygiene professionals will find this book extremely useful. Dr. Dikshith has patiently distilled the critical health and safety information on hundreds of chemicals found in the workplace. Dr. Dikshith has met the challenge of assembling chemical health and safety information that is too often scattered across multiple sources into a practical volume that many will find helpful."

—Steven Gilbert, INND & Affiliate Professor University of Washington

Table of Contents



Hazardous Chemical Substances: Characterisation


Colours, Dyes and Pigments

Compressed Gas and Gases

Corrosive Chemical Substances

Combustible Materials

Explosive Chemical Substances

Irritant Chemical Substances

Oxidisers/Oxidising Agents/Materials


Appendix: Categories of Hazardous Chemical Substances


Hazardous Chemical Substances: A

Abamectin (CAS No. 71751-41-2)

Abate (CAS No. 3383-96-8)

Acacia Powder (CAS. No. 9000-01-5)

Acenaphthene (CAS No. 83-32-9)

1-Acenaphthenol (CAS No. 6306-07-6)

Acenaphthylene (CAS No. 208-96-8)

Acephate (CAS No. 30560-19-1)

Acetal (CAS No. 105-57-7)

Acetaldehyde (CAS No. 75-07-0)

Acetaldehyde Ammonia (CAS No. 75-39-8)

alpha-Aminoethyl Alcohol

Acetamide (CAS No. 60-35-5)

Acetamide Acid (Methomyl) (CAS No. 16752-77-5)

Acetic Acid (CAS No. 64-19-7)

Acetic Anhydride (CAS No. 108-24-7)

Acetone Cyanohydrin (CAS No. 75-86-5)

Acetonitrile (CAS No. 75-05-8)

Acetophenone (CAS No. 98-86-2)

Acetophenone Oxime (CAS No. 613-91-2)

p-Acetotoluidide (4′-Methylacetanilide) (CAS No. 103-89-9)

Acetylacetone (CAS No. 123-54-6)

Acetyl Bromide (CAS No. 506-96-7)

Acetyl Chloride (CAS No. 75-36-5)

Acetylene (CAS No. 74-86-2)

Acetylene Dichloride (CAS No. 540-59-0)

2-Acetylfluorene (CAS No. 781-73-7)

2-Acetylfuran (CAS No. 1192-62-7)

Acetyl Iodide (CAS No. 507-02-8)

Acrylonitrile (CAS No. 107-13-1)

Adipamide (CAS No. 628-94-4)

Adipic Acid (CAS No. 124-04-9)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: B

Barium (CAS No. 7440-39-3)

Barium Compounds

Barium Chloride, Anhydrous (CAS No. 10361-37-2)

Barium Dichloride Dihydrate (CAS No. 10326-27-9)

Barium Fluoride (CAS No. 7787-32-8)

Barium Hydroxide Octahydrate (CAS No. 12230-71-6)

Barium Nitrate (as Ba) (CAS No. 10022-31-8)

Barium Sulphate (CAS No. 7727-43-7)

Bendiocarb (CAS No. 22781-23-3)

Benfuracarb (CAS No. 82560-54-1)

Benomyl (CAS No. 17804-35-2)

Benzaldehyde (CAS No. 100-52-7)

Benzamide (CAS No. 55-21-0)

1,2-Benzanthracene (CAS No. 56-55-3)

Benzene (CAS No. 71-43-2)

Benzidine (CAS No. 92-87-5)

Benzotrichloride (CAS No. 98-07-7)

2,3-Benzofuran (CAS No. 271-89-6)

Benzyl Acetate (CAS No. 140-11-4)

Benzyltrimethylammonium Dichloroiodate (CAS No. 114971-52-7)

Beryllium (CAS No. 7440-41-7)

Beryllium Chloride (CAS No. 7787-47-5)

Bifenthrin (CAS No. 82657-04-3)


Bis(chloromethyl) Ether (CAS No. 542-88-1)

Bismuth (CAS No. 7440-69-9)

Boron (CAS No. 7440-42-8)

Boron Compounds

Boric Acid (CAS No. 10043-35-3)

Boron Tribromide (CAS No. 10294-33-4)

Boron Carbide (CAS No. 12069-32-8)

Sodium Tetraborate Decahydrate/Borax (Anhydrous) (CAS No. 1330-43-4)

Sodium Tetraborate Decahydrate/Borax (Decahydrate) (CAS No. 1303-96-4)

Sodium Tetraborate Pentahydrate (CAS No. 12179-04-3)

Boron Nitride (CAS No. 10043-11-5)

Borazole/Borazine (CAS No. 6569-51-3)

Boron Trichloride (CAS No. 10294-34-5)

Boron Trifluoride (CAS No. 7637-07-2)

Boron Trifluoride Diethyl Ether Complex (CAS No. 109-63-7)


1,3-Butadiene (CAS No. 106-99-0)

1,3-Butanediol (CAS No. 107-88-0)

2-Butanone (CAS No. 78-93-3)

1-Butene (CAS No. 106-98-9)

2-Butoxyethanol (CAS No. 111-76-2)

Butyl Acetates

sec-Butyl Acetate (CAS No. 105-46-4)

n-Butyl Acetate (CAS No. 123-86-4)

Isobutyl Acetate (CAS No. 110-19-0)

Butane (CAS No. 106-97-8)

Butanesultone (CAS No. 1633-83-6)

Butanethiol (CAS No. 109-79-5)

tert-Butyl Acetate (CAS No. 540-88-5)

n-Butyl Alcohol (CAS No. 71-36-3)

n-Butylamine (CAS No. 109-73-9)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: C

Cadmium (CAS No. 7440-43-9)

Cadmium Acetate (CAS No. 543-90-8)

Cadmium Arsenide (CAS No. 12006-15-4)

Cadmium Compounds

Cadmium Chloride (Anhydrous) (CAS No. 10108-64-2)

Cadmium Fume (Cd) (CAS No. 1306-19-0)

Cadmium Iodide (CAS No. 10102-68-8)

Cadmium Oxide (CAS No. 1306-19-0)

Cadmium Sulphate (CAS No. 10124-36-4)

Captafol (CAS No. 2425-06-1)

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

Carbaryl (CAS No. 63-25-21)

Carbofuran (CAS No. 1563-66-2)

Carbofuran and Bird Mortalities


Carbon Disulphide (CAS No. 75-15-0)

Carbon Monoxide (CAS No. 630-08-0)

Carbophenothion (CAS No. 786-19-6)

Cefadroxil (CAS No. 50370-12-2)

Cefixime (CAS No. 79350-37-1)

Chloramine-t (CAS No. 127-65-1)

Chloramine T (CAS No. 7080-50-4)

Chlordane (CAS No. 57-74-9)

Chlorine (CAS No. 7782-50-5)

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

p-Chloronitrobenzene (CAS No. 100-00-5)

Chlorpyrifos (CAS No. 2921-88-2)

Chlorpyrifos-Methyl (CAS No. 5598-13-0)

Cobalt Metal, Dust, and Fume (as Co)

Cobalt Metal, Dust, and Fume (as Co) (CAS No. 7440-48-4)

Cobalt Iodide (CAS No. 15238-00-3)

Cobalt Sulphate (CAS No. 10026-24-1)

Copper (CAS No. 7440-50-8)

Copper (Dust, Fume, and Mist, as Cu) (CAS No. 7440-50-8)

Copper Fume (as Cu) (CAS No. 1317-38-0)

Copper Sulphate (CAS No. 7758-98-7)

Coumaphos (CAS No. 56-72-4)

Cyanide (CAS No. 57-12-5)

Cyanide Compounds

Cyanide Compounds

Calcium Cyanide (CAS No. 592-01-8)

Cyanogen Bromide (CAS No. 506-68-3)

Cyanogen Chloride (CAS No. 506-77-4)

Cyclohexane (CAS NO. 110-82-7)

Hydrogen Cyanide (CAS No. 74-90-8)

Potassium Cyanide (CAS No. 151-50-8)

Potassium Silver Cyanide (CAS No. 506-61-6)

Sodium Cyanide (CAS No. 143-33-9)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: D

DDT (CAS No. 50-29-3)

DDT and Malaria Control

Demeton-S-Methyl (CAS No. 919-86-8)

Diazinon (CAS No. 333-41-5)

Dichlorvos (CAS No. 62-73-7)

Dicofol (CAS No. 115-32-2)

Diethylamine (CAS No. 109-89-7)

Diethyl Phthalate (CAS No. 84-66-2)

Dimethoate (CAS No. 60-51-5)

Dimethyl Adipate (CAS No. 627-93-0)

Dimethylamine (CAS No. 124-40-3)

1,4-Dioxane (CAS No. 123-91-1)

Diphenylamine (CAS No. 122-39-4)

Disulphoton (CAS No. 298-04-4)

Diuron (CAS No. 330-54-1)

Divinyl Benzene (CAS No. 1321-74-0)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: E

Endosulfan (CAS No. 115-29-7)

Endosulfan and Human Poisonings

Endrin (CAS No. 72-20-8)

S-Ethyl Dipropylthiocarbamate (EPTC) (CAS No. 759-94-4)

Ethanol (CAS No. 64-17-5)

Ethyl Alcohol Completely Denatured (CAS No. Not Applicable to Mixtures)

Ethion (CAS No. 563-12-2)

Ethylbenzol (CAS No. 100-41-4)

Ethyl Carbamate (CAS No. 51-79-6)

Ethylene Chlorohydrine (CAS No. 107-07-3)

Ethylenediamine (CAS No. 107-15-3)

Ethylene Dibromide (Dibromoethane) (CAS No. 106-93-4)

Ethylene Dichloride (CAS No. 107-06-2)

Ethyleneimine (CAS No. 151-56-4)

Ethylene Oxide (CAS No. 75-21-8)

Ethyl Silicate (CAS No. 78-10-4)

Management of Ethyl Silicate: Display Precautions


Hazardous Chemical Substances: F

Famotidine (CAS No. 76824-35-6)

Fenamiphos (CAS No. 22224-92-6)

Fenitrothion (CAS No. 122-14-5)

Fenoxycarb (CAS No. 79127-80-3)

Fensulphothion (CAS No. 115-90-2)

Fenthion (CAS No. 55-38-9)

Fenvalerate (CAS No. 51630-58-1)

Ferbam (CAS No. 14484-64-1)

Ferrocene (CAS No. 102-54-5)

Fipronil (CAS No. 120068-37-3)

Flocoumafen (CAS No. 90035-08-9)

Fluorine (CAS No. 7782-41-4)

Fluoroacetamide (CAS No. 640-19-7)

Fluorobenzene (CAS No. 462-06-6)

Fluoboric Acid (CAS No. 16872-11-0)

Fluorosulphuric Acid (CAS No. 7789-21-1)

Fluvalinate (CAS No. 102851-06-9)

Folpet (CAS No. 133-07-3)

Fonophos (CAS No. 944-22-9)

Formaldehyde (CAS No. 50-0-0)

Formamide (CAS No. 75-12-7)

Formic Acid (CAS No. 64-18-6)

Formonitrile (CAS No. 74-90-8)

Furan (CAS No. 110-00-9)

Furfural (CAS No. 98-01-1)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: G

Gadolinium (CAS No. 7440-54-2)

Gadolinium Fluoride (CAS No. 13765-26-9)

Gallium (III) Nitrate (CAS No. 69365-72-6)

Glass Wool Fibres (Inhalable)

Glycol Ethers

2-Methoxyethanol (CAS No. 109-86-4)

1-Methoxy-2-Propanol (CAS No. 107-98-2)

2-Methoxy-l-Propanol (CAS No. 1589-47-5)

2-Butoxyethanol (CAS No. 111-76-2)

2-Ethoxyethanol (CAS No. 110-80-5)


Guthion (CAS No. 86-50-0)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: H

Hafnium Oxide (CAS No. 12055-23-1)

Heptachlor (CAS No. 76-44-8)

Heptachlor Epoxide (CAS No. 1024-57-3)

Hexachlorobenzene (CAS No.118-74-1)

Hexachlorobutadiene (CAS No. 87-68-3)

Hexachlorocyclohexane (All Isomers)

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene (CAS No. 77-47-4)

Hydrogen Iodide Anhydrous (CAS No. 10034-85-2)

Hydrazine (CAS No. 302-01-2)

Hydrocyanic Acid (CAS No. 74-90-8)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: H

Iodine (CAS No. 7553-56-2)

Iodine Cyanide (Cyanogen Iodide) (CAS No. 506-78-5)

Iodoethane (CAS No. 75-03-6)

Iodoform (CAS No. 75-47-8)

Iodomethane (CAS No. 74-88-4)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: J and K

Janus Green B (CAS No. 2869-83-2)

Jemmer Stain (CAS No. 62851-42-7)

Jet Fuel (JP8)

Handling and Precautions

Jet Fuel 8 (CAS No. 8008-20-6)

Jojoba Oil (CAS No. 61789-91-1)

Kepone (CAS No. 143-50-0)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: L

Lead (CAS No. 7439-92-1)

Lead and Global Regulations

Lead and Renal Disorders

Lead Acetate (CAS No. 301-04-2)

Lead Acetate Trihydrate (CAS No. 6080-56-4)

Lead Arsenate (CAS No. 7784-40-9)

Lead Chloride (CAS No. 7758-95-4)

Lead Fluoride (CAS No. 7783-46-2)

Lead Iodide (CAS No. 10101-63-0)

Lead Nitrate (CAS No. 10099-74-8)

Lead (II) Phosphate (CAS No. 7446-27-7)

Lead Stearate (CAS No. 7428-48-0)

Lead Styphnate (CAS No. 15245-44-0)

Tetraethyl Lead (CAS No. 78-00-2)

Tetramethyl Lead (CAS No. 75-74-1)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: M

Magnesium Phosphide (CAS No. 12057-74-8)

Precautions and Storage of Magnesium Phosphide

Malathion (CAS No. 121-75-5)

Mercury (CAS No. 7439-97-6)

Mercury and Compounds of Mercury

Mercuric Acetate (CAS No. 1600-27-7)

Mercuric Chloride (CAS No. 7487-94-7)

Mercurous Chloride (CAS No. 0112-91-1)

Mercury (II) Cyanide (CAS No. 592-04-1)

Mercuric Nitrate (CAS No. 7783-34-8)

Mercuric Oxide (CAS No. 21908-53-2)

Mercuric Sulphate (CAS No. 7783-35-9)

Mercuric Thiocyanate (CAS No. 592-85-8)

Mercurous Chloride (CAS No. 0112-91-1)

Mercurous Nitrate (CAS No. 10415-75-5)

Mercuric Acetate

Mercuric Chloride (Mercury (II) Chloride)

Mercury (II) Cyanide

Mercuric Thiocyanate

Methane (CAS No. 74-82-8)

Methamidophos (CAS No. 10265-92-6)

Methidathion (CAS No. 950-37-8)

Methoxychlor (CAS No. 72-43-5)

Methoxychlor and Cancer

Methyl Alcohol (CAS No. 67-56-1)

Methylamine (CAS No. 74-89-5)

Methyl Bromide (CAS No. 74-83-9)

Methylene Chloride (CAS No. 75-09-2)

Methyl Parathion (CAS No. 298-00-0)

Methyl Ethyl Ketone (CAS No. 78-93-3)

Methyl Vinyl Ketone (CAS No. 78-94-4)

Mevinphos (CAS No. 7786-34-7)

Mirex (CAS No. 2385-85-5) and Chlordecone (CAS No. 143-50-5)

Molybdenum (CAS No. 7439-98-7)

Mustard Gas (CAS No. 505-60-2)

Chemical Class: Alkylating Agent

Mustard Gas and Global Wars


Hazardous Chemical Substances: N

Naphthalene (CAS No. 91-20-3)

Nickel, Nickel Compounds, and Precautions

Nickel (Ni) (Metallic) (CAS No. 7440-02-0)

Nickel Carbonyl (CAS No. 13463-39-3)

Nickel (II) Nitrate Hexahydrate (CAS No. 13478-00-7)

Nickel Sulphate (CAS No. 7786-81-4)

Nickel (II) Sulphate Hexahydrate (CAS No. 10101-97-0)

Nitrogen Mustards

Blister Agents: HN-1 (CAS No. HN-1 538-07-8); HN – 2 (CAS No. HN-2 51-75-2);

HN – 3 (CAS No. HN-3 555-77-1)

Nitroglycerin (CAS No. 55-63-0)

2-Nitropropane (CAS No. 000 79-46-9)

o-Nitrotoluene (CAS No. 88-72-2)


Hazardous Chemicals: O

Octabenzone (CAS No. 1843-05-6)

Protection against Fire and Explosion

Osmium Tetroxide (CAS No. 20816-12-0)

Oxydisulphoton (CAS No. 2497-07-6)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: P

Palladium Chloride (CAS No. 7647-10-1)

Paraffin (CAS No. 8002-74-2)

Paraquat Dichloride (CAS No. 1910-42-5)

Parathion (Parathion Ethyl) (CAS No. 56-38-2)

Pentaboron Nonahydride (CAS No. 19624-22-7)

2,2′,4,4′,5-Pentabromodiphenyl Ether (CAS No. 32534-81-9)

Pentachloroethane (CAS No. 76-01-7)

Pentachlorophenol (CAS No. 87-86-5)

n-Pentane (CAS No. 109-66-0)

Pentanol (CAS No. 71-41-0)

Perchloroethylene (CAS No. 127-18-4)

Petroleum Ether (CAS No. 8032-32-4)

Precautions – Danger!

Phenol (CAS No. 108-95-2)

Compounds of Phenol

Phenosulphonic Acid (CAS No. 1333-39-7)

Phorate (CAS No. 298-02-2)

Phosacetim (CAS No. 4104-14-7)

Phosdrin (CAS No. 7786-34-7)

Phosfolan (CAS No. 947-02-4)

Danger and Precautions

Phosgene (CAS No. 75-44-5)

Phosgene Oxime (CAS No. 1794-86-1)

Phosmet (CAS No. 732-11-6)

Phosphamidon (Mixture: E and Z Isomers) (CAS No. 13171-21-6)

Phosphamidon (Trans-Isomer/E) (CAS No. 297-99-4)

Phosphamidon (Cis-Isomer/Z) (CAS No. 23783-98-4)

Phosphine (Hydrogen Phosphide) (CAS No. 7803-51-2)

Phosphoric Acid (CAS No. 7664-38-2)

Phosphorus – White Phosphorus (CAS No. 7723-14-0)

Phosphorus Pentachloride (CAS No. 10026-13-8)

Phosphorus Pentoxide (CAS No. 1314-56-3)

Phosphorus Pentasulphide (CAS No. 1314-80-3)

Phthalic Anhydride (CAS No. 85-44-9)

Picloram (CAS No. 1918-02-1)

Picric Acid (CAS No. 88-89-1)

Picrotoxin (CAS No. 124-87-8)

Pirimiphos Methyl (CAS No. 2 9232-93-7)

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers

Polybrominated Biphenyls

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (CAS No. 1336-36-3)

Aroclor 1232 (CAS No. 11141-16-5); Aroclor 1242 (CAS No. 53469-21-9)

Aroclor 1248 (CAS No. 12672-29-6); Aroclor 1254 (CAS No. 11097-69-1)

Aroclor 1260 (CAS No. 11096-82-5); Aroclor 1262 (CAS No. 37324-23-5)

Aroclor 1268 (CAS No. 11100-14-4)

Polycyclic Aromatics Hydrocarbons

Propane (CAS No. 74-98-6)

Propetamphos (CAS No. 31218-83-4)

Propoxur (CAS No. 114-26-1)

Propylene Imine (CAS No. 75-55-8)

Propylene Oxide (CAS No. 75-56-9)

Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids (CAS No. 8003-34-7)

Pyrethrum (CAS No. 8003-34-7)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: Q

Quinalphos (CAS No. 82-68-8)

Quinone (p-Benzoquinone) (CAS No. 106-51-4)

Quinoline (CAS No. 91-22-5)

Quintozene (CAS No. 82-68-8)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: R

Reserpine (CAS No. 50-55-5)

Resorcinol (CAS No. 108-46-3)

Rhodium Sulphate (CAS No. 10489-46-0)

Alert! Precautions

Rhodium Chloride, Trihydrate (CAS No. 13569-65-8)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: S

Samarium (CAS No. 7440-19-9)

Samarium Compounds

Samarium (III) Fluoride (CAS No. 13765-24-7)

Samarium (III) Nitrate Hexahydrate (CAS No. 13759-83-6)

Samarium Oxide (CAS No. 12060-58-1)

Sarin (CAS No. 107-44-8)

Selenium (CAS No. 7782-49-2)

Selenium Chloride (CAS No. 10026-03-6)

Selenium (IV) Oxide (CAS No. 7446-08-4)

Selenium Trioxide (CAS No. 13768-86-0)

Selenium Sulphide (CAS No. 7446-34-6)

Selenious Acid (CAS No. 7783-00-8)

Styrene (CAS No. 100-42-5)

Sulphur Dioxide (CAS No. 7446-09-5)

Uses and Exposures

Sulphur Dioxide and Cancer


Hazardous Chemical Substances: T

Terbufos (CAS No. 13071-79-9)

Tetrachloroethylene (CAS No. 127-18-4)

Tetrahydrofuran (CAS No. 109-99-9)

Thallium (Soluble Compounds) (CAS No. 7440-28-0)

Thallium Bromide (CAS No. 7789-40-4)

Thallium Iodide (CAS No. 7790-30-9)

Thallium Nitrate (CAS No. 10102-45-1)

Thallium Oxide (CAS No. 1314-32-5)

Thiodicarb (CAS No. 59669-2600)

Thiourea (CAS No. 62-56-6)

Thiram (CAS No. 137-26-8)

Thorium (CAS No. 7440-29-1)

Thorium Nitrate Anhydrous (CAS No. 13823-29-5)

Tin and Tin Compounds

Tin (IV) Chloride (CAS No. 7646-78-8)

Tin Organic Compounds as Sn

Tin Oxide (CAS No. 21651-19-4)

Toluene (Technical) (CAS No. 108-88-3)

Tributyl Phosphate (CAS No. 126-73-8)

Tributyltin Oxide (CAS No. 56-35-9)

Trichloroethylene (Technical) (CAS No. 79-01-6)

1,2,3-Trichloropropane (CAS No. 96-18-4)

Triethanolamine (CAS No. 102-71-6)

Triforine (CAS No. 26644-46-2)

Trinitrotoluene (CAS No. 118-96-7)

Triphenyl Phosphate (CAS No. 115-86-6)

Trisodium Phosphate (Anhydrous) (CAS No. 7601-54-9)

Trisodium Phosphate (Anhydrous) (CAS No. 7601-54-9)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: U

Uracil Mustard (CAS No. 66-75-1)

Uranium (CAS No. 7440-61-1)

Urethane (Ethyl Carbamate) (CAS No. 51-79-6)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: V

Vanadium Pentoxide (CAS No. 1314-62-1)

Vinyl Acetate Monomer (CAS No. 108-05-4)

Vinyl Chloride (CAS No. 75-01-4)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: W

Warfarin (CAS No. 81-81-2)

Welding Fumes (NOC: Not Otherwise Classified)

Wood Dust (Certain Hardwoods as Beech and Oak)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: X

Xylene (CAS No. 1330-20-7)


Hazardous Chemical Substances: Y

Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide (CAS No. 107539-20-8)

Ytterbium (III) Chloride Hexahydrate (CAS No. 10035-01-5)

Yttrium Fluoride (CAS No. 13709-49-4)

Ytterbium (III) Oxide (CAS No. 1314-37-0)

Hazardous Chemical Substances: Z

Zinc (CAS No. 7440-66-6)

Zinc and Zinc Compounds

Zinc Chloride Anhydrous (CAS No. 7646-85-7)

Zinc Oxide (CAS No. 1314-13-2)

Zinc Phosphide (CAS No. 1314-84-7)

Zineb (CAS No. 12122-67-7)

Ziram (CAS No. 137-30-4)


Hazardous Chemical Substances and Ocular Disorders (Injuries to Eyes) Perspectives and Scenarios, Praveen Murthy and T.S.S. Dikshith


Hazardous Chemicals

Hazardous Chemicals and Eye Burn

Causes of Eye Pain Include Ocular Pain and Orbital Pain

Corneal Abrasion

List of Chemical Substances and Eye Protection


Basketball, Racquetball, Tennis, and Soccer




What Contributes to Eye Injuries at Work?

What Causes Eye Injuries?

Where Do Accidents Occur Most Often?

How Can Eye Injuries Be Prevented?

Where Can I Get More Information?

Eye Protection Works!

Choosing and Using Eye Protection


Hazardous Chemical Substances: Global Regulations



Hazardous Chemical Substances and Safety Management System


Chemical Inventory



About the Author

Turuvekere Subrahmanya Shanmukha Dikshith, PhD, was responsible for the establishment of the Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory at Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, Lucknow, India. He was director of the Toxicology Research Laboratory, VIMTA Labs Ltd., Hyderabad, India. He also worked as a consultant, Pharmacology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad, India. Dr. Dikshith served on the committees and expert panels constituted by different ministries of the Government of India. As an expert committee member, he also served the Central Insecticides Board (CIB), Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, India. He is a member of the World Health Organization Task Group on Environmental Health Criteria Documents and the International Program on Chemical Safety. Dr. Dikshith is the technical specialist for Standards Australia Quality Assurance Services (SAQAS), Australia, and Lloyd Register Quality Assurance Ltd. (LRQA), London, for the quality management of the laboratory and good laboratory practice. He is also the recipient of the Chandra Kanta Dandiya prize in pharmacology.

As a fellow of the World Health Organization, Dr. Dikshith has worked at the Institute of Comparative and Human Toxicology, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, and also at the International Center of Environmental Safety, Holloman, New Mexico. He has worked in several laboratories in France, Germany, and Canada. Dr. Dikshith has edited Toxicology of Pesticides in Animalspublished by CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, and has authored a book chapter published by Plenum Press, New York. He has also authored several other books, including Safety Evaluation of Environmental Chemicalspublished by New Age International Publishers, India; Industrial Guide to Chemical and Drug Safetypublished by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey; and Safe Use of Chemicals: A Practical Guide and Handbook of Chemicals and Safetypublished by CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety