Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders: 3rd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders

3rd Edition

By Robert Burke

CRC Press

553 pages | 498 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138074651
pub: 2017-03-31
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Description

The third edition of a bestseller, Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders continues to provide the fundamentals of "street chemistry" required by emergency response personnel. Emergency response and hazmat expert Robert Burke takes the basics of chemistry appropriate for response personnel and puts it into understandable terms. The author has retained the style and format that made the previous editions so popular while updating the information to keep the book relevant.

See What’s in the Third Edition:

  • Expanded section on Ethanol and its hazards to responders
  • Update of NFPA 472 Chemistry requirements
  • Revised section on "hazmat elements" with more hazards and response issues
  • Includes a focus on the importance of the "hazmat elements" of chemical families
  • New incident examples
  • New photographs and graphics

The chapters are organized by the nine U.S. Department of Transportation's hazard classes. Almost every hazardous material presents more than one hazard; the DOT’s placarding and labeling system only identifies the most severe hazards. Therefore, the book provides additional information about hidden hazards for each hazard class. It discusses individual chemicals, their hazards and their physical and chemical characteristics, both as distinct chemicals and within chemical families.

The book offers a concise presentation of the topics of most importance to emergency responders on a day-to-day basis. It provides the basic chemistry a responder needs to understand chemical terminology and communicate with others about the chemicals involved in hazardous materials incidents.

Reviews

"The approach and selection of topics is straightforward and logical with chapters building on material in previous sections. The selection of topics is comprehensive. … Hazardous Materials Chemistry has been the primary textbook for teaching new hazmat crews for almost two decades and this updated new edition will be no exception."

—Harry J. Elston, Ph.D., CIH, Editor, Journal of Chemical Health & Safety

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Basics of Chemistry

The Atom

Ionic Bonding

Covalent Bonding

Salts

Non-Metal Compounds

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Chemical Statistics

Review Questions

Explosives

Definitions

Phases of Explosions

Types of Explosions

Components of an Explosion

Types of Chemical Explosives

Yield vs. Order

Divisions 1.1 to 1.3

Divisions 1.4 to 1.6

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Military Explosives

Review Questions

Compressed Gases

Flammable Gases

Flammable Range

Vapor Density

Hydrocarbon Families

Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Non-Flammable Gases

Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Incidents

Poison Gases

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Review Questions

Flammable Liquids

Effects of Temperature

Boiling Point

Flash Point

Factors Affecting Boiling Point

Vapor Density

Specific Gravity

Polymerization/Plastics

Ignition Temperature

Flammable Range

Animal/Vegetable Oils

Fire Extinguishing Agents

Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Review Questions

Flammable Solids

Division 4.1 Flammable Solids

Sublimation/Flash Point Solids

Incidents

Combustible Dusts

Division 4.2 Spontaneously Combustible

Spontaneous Ignition

Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids

Incidents

Division 4.3 Dangerous When Wet

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Review Questions

Oxidizers

Division 5.1 Oxidizers

Oxysalts

Peroxide Salts

Inorganic Acid Oxidizers

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Division 5.2 Organic Peroxides

Incident

Review Questions

Poisons

Types of Exposure

Routes of Exposure

Effects of Exposure

Etiologic Effects

Variables of Toxic Effects

Dose/Response

Susceptible Target Organs

Rates of Exposure

Defense Mechanisms for Toxic Materials

Toxic Elements

Toxic Salts

Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Miscellaneous Toxic Materials

Pesticides

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Military Chemical Warfare Agents

Incidents

Review Questions

Radioactive Materials

Radioactive Elements and Compounds

Uranium Compounds

Radium Compounds

Cobalt

Iodine

Review Questions

Corrosives

Inorganic Acids

Strength and Concentration

pH

Organic Acids

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Dilution vs. Neutralization

Incidents

Review Questions

Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials

Elevated Temperature Materials

Other Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials

Top 50 Industrial Chemicals

Incidents

Review Questions

Glossary

Appendix

List of Acronyms and Recognized Abbreviations

Numbers to Remember

Resource Guide

Selected Technical References

IUPAC Rules of Nomenclature

Answers to Review Questions

About the Author

Robert A Burke is a Fire Marshal Hazardous Materials Technician at the University of Maryland.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SOC040000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disasters & Disaster Relief
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety