1st Edition

Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook

Edited By

Chang H. Oh

ISBN 9780849395864
Published June 27, 2001 by CRC Press
792 Pages 415 B/W Illustrations

USD $250.00

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Book Description

Many books have been written on hazardous waste and nuclear waste separately, but none have combined the two subjects into one single-volume resource. Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook covers the technologies, characteristics, and regulation of both hazardous chemical wastes and radioactive wastes. It provides an overview of recent waste technologies.

A reference for scientists and engineers, the handbook focuses on waste-related thermal and non-thermal technologies, separation techniques, and stabilization technologies. It includes information on the DOE and DOD waste matrix located at various sites. It reveals current R&D activities in each technology and what improvements can be made in the future. A detailed schematic diagram illustrates each technology so that the process can be explicitly understood. In addition, the handbook covers relative life-cycle cost estimates for treatment systems using various technologies.

With contributions from an international panel and extensively peer-reviewed, Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook provides the latest information on waste remediation technologies and related regulations. Often in the field you will encounter more than one type of hazardous waste. This handbook gives you the design information you need to decide which technology to use and how to design the equipment for your particular needs. You can then incorporate appropriate technologies into a mixed waste treatment system.

Table of Contents

Overview of U.S. Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Mixed Waste Treatment, M. Knecht
Waste Characterization & Classification
Sample Collection Design, J. Maney
Analytical Technology, S. Goheen
Statistical Inference, E. Chai
Other Characterization and Classification, R. Montgomery
Separation Techniques
In-situ Remediation of Contaminated Soils by Electrokinetic Processes, S. Pamukcu and C. Huang
Mercury Separation, T. Klasson
Separation of Radionuclides from Aqueous Mixed-Waste Solutions Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction Processes, T. Todd, J. Law, and R. Herbst
Thermal Treatment Technologies
Incineration, J. McFee, C. Pfrommer, Jr., and M. Aident
Vitrification, I. Pegg and I. Joseph
Application of Steam-Reforming to Various Types of Radwaste, T. Galloway, M. Cage, and T. Snyder
Wet Air Oxidation, R. Shah and R. Mahalingam
Supercritical Water Oxidation, P. Savage and C. Oh
Thermal Desorption, G. Stegemeier, H. Vinegar, P. Sadler
Molten Salt Oxidation, P. Hsu and M. Adamson
Fluidized-Bed Calcination, J. Christian
Non-thermal Treatment Technologies
Supercritical Fluid Extraction for Nuclear Waste Treatment, C. Wai
Electrochemical or Direct Chemical Oxidation, B. Balazs, Z. Chiba, M. Adamson, R. Pierce, N. Nelson, J. Cooper, P. Hsu, and P. Lewis
Electrohydraulic Cavitation and Sonolysis, M. A. Beckett, J. Schramm, G. Zhang, and I. Hua
Gas Phase Destruction, B. Penetrante and L. Rosocha
Radiation Induced Oxidation, W. Cooper, M. Nickelsen, T. Tobien, and B. Mincher
Phytoremediation, G. Lanza and P. Flathman
Stabilization and Solidification Technologies
Generals of Mixed Waste Solidification and Stabilization Methods, V. Maio
Chemical Fixation and Stabilization, C. Langton
Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics for Mixed Waste Stabilization and Solidification, A. Wagh, D. Singh, and S. Jeong
Polyester Resin Microencapsulation, R. Biyani , P. Agamuthu, and R. Mahalingam
Polyethylene Encapsulation, P. Kalb
Sulfur Polymer Encapsulation, P. Kalb
In-situ Buried Waste Stabilization Using Jet Grouting, G. Loomis, R. Farnsworth, and J. Jessmore
Offgas Control for Mixed Waste Thermal Treatment Systems, N. Soelberg
Design and Performance Objectives for Offgas Control Systems
Input Offgas Flowrates and Compositions
Examples of Existing Offgas Systems for Mixed Waste Treatment
APCS Designs for Complying with New Regulations
Mercury Emissions Control Technologies for Mixed Waste Treatment
Offgas System Design and Capital Cost Estimates
Conclusions and Recommendations
Decontamination, J. Tripp, R. Demmer, and R. Meservey
Decontamination Techniques
Mechanical Surface Removal Methods
Chemical Decontamination
Biological Decontamination
Bulk Decontamination
Defining Terms
System Integration and Deployment
Integration of Mixed Waste Treatment into an Environmental and Quality Management System, J. Meagher
Risk Analysis and Toxicology, R. Vanhorn
Planned Life-Cycle Cost Estimates, W. Schwinkendorf

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