Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook

1st Edition

Edited by Chang H. Oh

CRC Press

792 pages | 415 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849395864
pub: 2001-06-27
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Description

Many books have been written on hazardous waste and nuclear waste separately, but none have combined the two subjects into one single-volume resource. Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook covers the technologies, characteristics, and regulation of both hazardous chemical wastes and radioactive wastes. It provides an overview of recent waste technologies.

A reference for scientists and engineers, the handbook focuses on waste-related thermal and non-thermal technologies, separation techniques, and stabilization technologies. It includes information on the DOE and DOD waste matrix located at various sites. It reveals current R&D activities in each technology and what improvements can be made in the future. A detailed schematic diagram illustrates each technology so that the process can be explicitly understood. In addition, the handbook covers relative life-cycle cost estimates for treatment systems using various technologies.

With contributions from an international panel and extensively peer-reviewed, Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook provides the latest information on waste remediation technologies and related regulations. Often in the field you will encounter more than one type of hazardous waste. This handbook gives you the design information you need to decide which technology to use and how to design the equipment for your particular needs. You can then incorporate appropriate technologies into a mixed waste treatment system.

Table of Contents

Overview of U.S. Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Mixed Waste Treatment, M. Knecht

Waste Characterization & Classification

Sample Collection Design, J. Maney

Analytical Technology, S. Goheen

Statistical Inference, E. Chai

Other Characterization and Classification, R. Montgomery

Separation Techniques

In-situ Remediation of Contaminated Soils by Electrokinetic Processes, S. Pamukcu and C. Huang

Mercury Separation, T. Klasson

Separation of Radionuclides from Aqueous Mixed-Waste Solutions Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction Processes, T. Todd, J. Law, and R. Herbst

Thermal Treatment Technologies

Incineration, J. McFee, C. Pfrommer, Jr., and M. Aident

Vitrification, I. Pegg and I. Joseph

Application of Steam-Reforming to Various Types of Radwaste, T. Galloway, M. Cage, and T. Snyder

Wet Air Oxidation, R. Shah and R. Mahalingam

Supercritical Water Oxidation, P. Savage and C. Oh

Thermal Desorption, G. Stegemeier, H. Vinegar, P. Sadler

Molten Salt Oxidation, P. Hsu and M. Adamson

Fluidized-Bed Calcination, J. Christian

Non-thermal Treatment Technologies

Supercritical Fluid Extraction for Nuclear Waste Treatment, C. Wai

Electrochemical or Direct Chemical Oxidation, B. Balazs, Z. Chiba, M. Adamson, R. Pierce, N. Nelson, J. Cooper, P. Hsu, and P. Lewis

Electrohydraulic Cavitation and Sonolysis, M. A. Beckett, J. Schramm, G. Zhang, and I. Hua

Gas Phase Destruction, B. Penetrante and L. Rosocha

Radiation Induced Oxidation, W. Cooper, M. Nickelsen, T. Tobien, and B. Mincher

Phytoremediation, G. Lanza and P. Flathman

Stabilization and Solidification Technologies

Generals of Mixed Waste Solidification and Stabilization Methods, V. Maio

Chemical Fixation and Stabilization, C. Langton

Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics for Mixed Waste Stabilization and Solidification, A. Wagh, D. Singh, and S. Jeong

Polyester Resin Microencapsulation, R. Biyani , P. Agamuthu, and R. Mahalingam

Polyethylene Encapsulation, P. Kalb

Sulfur Polymer Encapsulation, P. Kalb

In-situ Buried Waste Stabilization Using Jet Grouting, G. Loomis, R. Farnsworth, and J. Jessmore

Offgas Control for Mixed Waste Thermal Treatment Systems, N. Soelberg

Introduction

Design and Performance Objectives for Offgas Control Systems

Input Offgas Flowrates and Compositions

Examples of Existing Offgas Systems for Mixed Waste Treatment

APCS Designs for Complying with New Regulations

Mercury Emissions Control Technologies for Mixed Waste Treatment

Offgas System Design and Capital Cost Estimates

Conclusions and Recommendations

Decontamination, J. Tripp, R. Demmer, and R. Meservey

Decontamination Techniques

Mechanical Surface Removal Methods

Chemical Decontamination

Biological Decontamination

Bulk Decontamination

Defining Terms

References

System Integration and Deployment

Integration of Mixed Waste Treatment into an Environmental and Quality Management System, J. Meagher

Risk Analysis and Toxicology, R. Vanhorn

Planned Life-Cycle Cost Estimates, W. Schwinkendorf

About the Series

Handbook Series for Mechanical Engineering

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical