1st Edition

Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook

Edited By Chang H. Oh Copyright 2001
    790 Pages 415 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Many books have been written on hazardous waste and nuclear waste separately, but none have combined the two subjects into one single-volume resource. Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook covers the technologies, characteristics, and regulation of both hazardous chemical wastes and radioactive wastes. It provides an overview of recent waste technologies.

    A reference for scientists and engineers, the handbook focuses on waste-related thermal and non-thermal technologies, separation techniques, and stabilization technologies. It includes information on the DOE and DOD waste matrix located at various sites. It reveals current R&D activities in each technology and what improvements can be made in the future. A detailed schematic diagram illustrates each technology so that the process can be explicitly understood. In addition, the handbook covers relative life-cycle cost estimates for treatment systems using various technologies.

    With contributions from an international panel and extensively peer-reviewed, Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook provides the latest information on waste remediation technologies and related regulations. Often in the field you will encounter more than one type of hazardous waste. This handbook gives you the design information you need to decide which technology to use and how to design the equipment for your particular needs. You can then incorporate appropriate technologies into a mixed waste treatment system.

    Overview of U.S. Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Mixed Waste Treatment, M. Knecht
    Waste Characterization & Classification
    Sample Collection Design, J. Maney
    Analytical Technology, S. Goheen
    Statistical Inference, E. Chai
    Other Characterization and Classification, R. Montgomery
    Separation Techniques
    In-situ Remediation of Contaminated Soils by Electrokinetic Processes, S. Pamukcu and C. Huang
    Mercury Separation, T. Klasson
    Separation of Radionuclides from Aqueous Mixed-Waste Solutions Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction Processes, T. Todd, J. Law, and R. Herbst
    Thermal Treatment Technologies
    Incineration, J. McFee, C. Pfrommer, Jr., and M. Aident
    Vitrification, I. Pegg and I. Joseph
    Application of Steam-Reforming to Various Types of Radwaste, T. Galloway, M. Cage, and T. Snyder
    Wet Air Oxidation, R. Shah and R. Mahalingam
    Supercritical Water Oxidation, P. Savage and C. Oh
    Thermal Desorption, G. Stegemeier, H. Vinegar, P. Sadler
    Molten Salt Oxidation, P. Hsu and M. Adamson
    Fluidized-Bed Calcination, J. Christian
    Non-thermal Treatment Technologies
    Supercritical Fluid Extraction for Nuclear Waste Treatment, C. Wai
    Electrochemical or Direct Chemical Oxidation, B. Balazs, Z. Chiba, M. Adamson, R. Pierce, N. Nelson, J. Cooper, P. Hsu, and P. Lewis
    Electrohydraulic Cavitation and Sonolysis, M. A. Beckett, J. Schramm, G. Zhang, and I. Hua
    Gas Phase Destruction, B. Penetrante and L. Rosocha
    Radiation Induced Oxidation, W. Cooper, M. Nickelsen, T. Tobien, and B. Mincher
    Phytoremediation, G. Lanza and P. Flathman
    Stabilization and Solidification Technologies
    Generals of Mixed Waste Solidification and Stabilization Methods, V. Maio
    Chemical Fixation and Stabilization, C. Langton
    Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics for Mixed Waste Stabilization and Solidification, A. Wagh, D. Singh, and S. Jeong
    Polyester Resin Microencapsulation, R. Biyani , P. Agamuthu, and R. Mahalingam
    Polyethylene Encapsulation, P. Kalb
    Sulfur Polymer Encapsulation, P. Kalb
    In-situ Buried Waste Stabilization Using Jet Grouting, G. Loomis, R. Farnsworth, and J. Jessmore
    Offgas Control for Mixed Waste Thermal Treatment Systems, N. Soelberg
    Design and Performance Objectives for Offgas Control Systems
    Input Offgas Flowrates and Compositions
    Examples of Existing Offgas Systems for Mixed Waste Treatment
    APCS Designs for Complying with New Regulations
    Mercury Emissions Control Technologies for Mixed Waste Treatment
    Offgas System Design and Capital Cost Estimates
    Conclusions and Recommendations
    Decontamination, J. Tripp, R. Demmer, and R. Meservey
    Decontamination Techniques
    Mechanical Surface Removal Methods
    Chemical Decontamination
    Biological Decontamination
    Bulk Decontamination
    Defining Terms
    System Integration and Deployment
    Integration of Mixed Waste Treatment into an Environmental and Quality Management System, J. Meagher
    Risk Analysis and Toxicology, R. Vanhorn
    Planned Life-Cycle Cost Estimates, W. Schwinkendorf


    Chang H. Oh