Research into public health policies and expert instruction has been oriented traditionally in the national context. There is a rich historiography that analyses the development of health policies and systems in various European and American countries during the first decades of the twentieth century. What is often ignored, however, is the study of the great many connections and circulations of knowledge, people, technologies, artefacts and practices during that period between countries. This book redresses that balance.
Table of Contents
Contents;Acknowledgments;List of Abbreviations;Health policies in the twentieth century: a transnational issue;Why transnational history?;Circulating science and technology;The civilising process and homo hygienicus;Historical origins of health policies;From public health to social medicine: the political dimension of disease;The birth of public health;International diplomacy and national institutions;The Office Internationale d’Hygiène Publique and the League of Nations;Networks of experts: national policies and transnational actors;Health and international diplomacy;Creating expert knowledge;Public health experts as transnational actors;the relevance of international organisations;Transnational actors guiding health research and health policies: the historical context of national health institutes;Legitimising arguments: moral values, health, and economy;Research for the nation: national institutes of hygiene;Bacteriology, a cornerstone for colonial medicine;Origins and impact of the Pasteur Institute;Robert Koch-Institut in Berlin;London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and national research institutes in Britain;Social medicine and sanitary policies in Hungary;National Institute of Hygiene and Public Health in Poland;Central Institute of Hygiene in Belgrade;Prague as a social hygiene laboratory;Alfonso XIII National Institute of Hygiene in Madrid;Public health institutes in Scandinavia;Instructing the experts: national schools of public health;Teaching the experts: more than a national issue;National schools and public health experts;The international model: Johns Hopkins School of Public Health in Baltimore;Teaching hygiene in European nations: France, Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Rumania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Spain;International initiatives: courses in London and Paris;The great failure: École Internationale d’Hautes Études d’Hygiène [International School of Advanced Studies in Hygiene];Final comments and conclusions;Sources and bibliography;Index
Josep L. Barona is Professor of the History of Science and leader of the research group Sanhisoc/Health in Society at the Universidad de Valencia, Spain.