The objective of this book is to encourage administrations to formulate a sound housing policy to solve basic health-related housing problems and to meet WHO's objective of healthful housing for all by the year 2000. The principles of healthy housing have universal applicability, as most countries of the developed world have areas of slum or otherwise insanitary housing.
It is hoped that this guide will be used extensively as a reference to basic health requirements for new housing and human settlements and as a guide for assessing the hygienic quality of existing housing. The book would sit well alongside inter-professional and community education programmes.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements. Preface. Part 1: General considerations. Healthy housing - an interpretation. The challenge of slum housing. Housing and health. Collection of data. Interaction of housing conditions and disease. Parameters of health. General healthy housing needs. Part 2: Technical and social requirements. Housing layout requirements. Space and density requirements. Social requirements. Shelter requirements. Design and constructional requirements. Sanitation requirements. Indoor air quality requirements. Indoor climate requirements. Home safety requirements. Special housing requirements. Part 3: Operational and organizational requirements. Regular inspection and appraisal of the housing stock ascertain hygienic quality. Adoption of appropriate policies for dealing with slums and insanitary housing. Rehousing the homeless and persons from slums and insanitary housing. Intersectoral cooperation from corporate planning and management of healthy housing policies. Basic housing standards, legislation and codes to fulfil fundamental human health needs. Incorporation of environmental health and healthy housing requirements into planning policies. Planning rural improvement and spatial development schemes. Special provision for shanty-town upgrading and prevention. Provision of institutional, organizational and operational arrangements for implementing healthy housing policies. Provision of adequate financial resources for remedying insanitary housing conditions. Adoption of suitable planning and routine repair and maintenance policies for prevention of insanitary housing. Involvement and participation of the community and women in healthy housing policies. Educational measures to support healthy housing programmes. References. Appendix. Index.