Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Heat Exchangers

Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition

By Sadik Kakaç, Hongtan Liu, Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij

CRC Press

564 pages | 158 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138601864
pub: 2020-02-14
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Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Fourth Edition

Heat exchangers are essential in a wide range of engineering applications, including power plants, automobiles, airplanes, process and chemical industries, and heating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems. Revised and updated with new problem sets, Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Fourth Edition presents a fully updated and systematic treatment of heat exchangers, focusing on selection, thermal-hydraulic design, and rating.

Topic discussed include:

  • Classification of Heat Exchangers
  • Basic Design Methods of Heat Exchangers for Sizing and Rating Problems
  • Single-Phase Forced Convection Correlations for Heat Exchangers
  • Pressure Drop and Pumping Power for Heat Exchangers and Piping Circuits
  • Design Methods of Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling
  • Thermal Design Methods and Processes for Double-Pipe, Shell-and-Tube, Gasketed-plate, Compact, and Polymer Heat Exchangers
  • Two-Phase Convection Correlations for Heat Exchangers
  • Thermal Design of Condensers and Evaporators
  • Micro/Nano Heat Transfer

The fourth edition contains the updated information in microscale heat exchangers and the enhancement heat transfer for applications to heat exchanger design and experiment with nanofluids. The fourth edition is designed for student readers taking courses/modules in process heat transfer, thermal systems design, and heat exchanger technology, this text includes full coverage of all widely-used heat exchanger types. A complete Solutions Manual and Figure Slides of the text's illustrations are available for qualified adopting instructors.

Table of Contents


1. Classification of Heat Exchangers

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Recuperation and Regeneration

1.3 Transfer Processes

1.4 Geometry of Construction

1.5 Heat Transfer Mechanisms

1.6 Flow Arrangements

1.7 Applications

1.8 Selection of Heat Exchangers


2. Basic Design Methods of Heat Exchangers

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Arrangement of Flow Paths in Heat Exchangers

2.3 Basic Equations in Design

2.4 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

2.5 LMTD Method for Heat Exchanger Analysis

2.6 The ε-NTU Method for Heat Exchanger Analysis

2.7 Heat Exchanger Design Calculation

2.8 Variable Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

2.9 Heat Exchanger Design Methodology



3. Forced Convection Correlations for the Single-Phase Side of Heat Exchangers

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Laminar Forced Convection

3.3 Effect of Variable Physical Properties

3.4 Turbulent Forced Convection

3.5 Turbulent Flow in Smooth Straight Noncircular Ducts

3.6 Effect of Variable Physical Properties in Turbulent Forced Convection

3.7 Summary of Forced Convection in Straight Ducts

3.8 Heat Transfer from Smooth-Tube Bundles

3.9 Heat Transfer in Helical Coils and Spirals

3.10 Heat Transfer in Bends



4. Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop and Pumping Power

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Tube-Side Pressure Drop

4.3 Pressure Drop in Tube Bundles in Crossflow

4.4 Pressure Drop in Helical and Spiral Coils

4.5 Pressure Drop in Bends and Fittings

4.6 Pressure Drop for Abrupt Contraction, Expansion, and Momentum Change

4.7 Heat Transfer and Pumping Power Relationship



5. Micro/Nano Heat Transfer

5.1 PART A—Heat Transfer for Gaseous and Liquid Flow in Microchannels

5.2 PART B—Single-Phase Convective Heat Transfer with Nanofluids



6. Fouling of Heat Exchangers

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Basic Considerations

6.3 Effects of Fouling

6.4 Aspects of Fouling

6.5 Design of Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling

6.6 Operations of Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling

6.7 Techniques to Control Fouling



7. Double-Pipe Heat Exchangers

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Thermal and Hydraulic Design of Inner Tube

7.3 Thermal and Hydraulic Analysis of Annulus

7.4 Parallel–Series Arrangements of Hairpins

7.5 Total Pressure Drop

7.6 Design and Operational Features



8. Design Correlations for Condensers and Evaporators

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Condensation

8.3 Film Condensation on a Single Horizontal Tube

8.4 Film Condensation in Tube Bundles

8.5 Condensation inside Tubes

8.6 Flow Boiling



9. Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Basic Components

9.3 Basic Design Procedure of a Heat Exchanger

9.4 Shell-Side Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop



10. Compact Heat Exchangers

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop



11. Gasketed-Plate Heat Exchangers

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Mechanical Features

11.3 Operational Characteristics

11.4 Passes and Flow Arrangements

11.5 Applications

11.6 Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Calculations

11.7 Thermal Performance



12. Condensers and Evaporators

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Shell and Tube Condensers

12.3 Steam Turbine Exhaust Condensers

12.4 Plate Condensers

12.5 Air-Cooled Condensers

12.6 Direct Contact Condensers

12.7 Thermal Design of Shell-and-Tube Condensers

12.8 Design and Operational Considerations

12.9 Condensers for Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning

12.10 Evaporators for Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning

12.11 Thermal Analysis

12.12 Standards for Evaporators and Condensers



13. Polymer Heat Exchangers

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Polymer Matrix Composite Materials (PMC)

13.3 Nanocomposites

13.4 Application of Polymers in Heat Exchangers

13.5 Polymer Compact Heat Exchangers

13.6 Potential Applications for Polymer Film Compact Heat Exchangers

13.7 Thermal Design of Polymer Heat Exchangers


Appendix A

Appendix B


About the Authors

Sadik Kakaç is a distinguished scientist and educator, and currently is a professor of mechanical engineering at TOBB University of Economics and Technology in Ankara, Turkey, and an Emeritus Professor at the University of Miami (Florida). Dr. Kakaç earned master’s degrees in mechanical engineering and nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. from the Victoria University of Manchester. In 2013 he was made an Honorary Member of ASME. Dr. Kakac is the author of numerous successful books in the areas of heat transfer and thermal engineering.

Hongtan Liu (PhD, University of Miami) is professor of Mechanical Engineering, and the director of the Dorgan Solar Energy and Fuel Cell Laboratory, at the University of Miami, Florida. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the Beijing Jiao Tong University, China. Dr. Liu's research interests include PEM Fuel Cells, Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, Solar Energy, Hydrogen Energy, Storage Energy, and Clean Energy.

Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Engineering at Kasetsart University, Thailand. She has also served as Acting Assistant to the President for Public Relations and Organizational Communication, Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning