Heating and Cooling of Buildings: Principles and Practice of Energy Efficient Design, Third Edition, 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Heating and Cooling of Buildings

Principles and Practice of Energy Efficient Design, Third Edition, 3rd Edition

By T. Agami Reddy, Jan F. Kreider, Peter S. Curtiss, Ari Rabl

CRC Press

862 pages | 610 B/W Illus.

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Description

Heating and Cooling of Buildings: Principles and Practice of Energy Efficient Design, Third Edition is structured to provide a rigorous and comprehensive technical foundation and coverage to all the various elements inherent in the design of energy efficient and green buildings. Along with numerous new and revised examples, design case studies, and homework problems, the third edition includes the HCB software along with its extensive website material, which contains a wealth of data to support design analysis and planning. Based around current codes and standards, the Third Edition explores the latest technologies that are central to design and operation of today’s buildings. It serves as an up-to-date technical resource for future designers, practitioners, and researchers wishing to acquire a firm scientific foundation for improving the design and performance of buildings and the comfort of their occupants. For engineering and architecture students in undergraduate/graduate classes, this comprehensive textbook:

Reviews

"For me, the main advantage of Heating and Cooling of Buildings is its readability. It has been written in a manner that helps my students to understand concepts that they might otherwise have found difficult to understand….Chapter 9 is the most comprehensive coverage of heating and cooling design loads – this chapter is what got me interested in the textbook in the first place. The book can also be used by practicing HVAC engineers as a reference."

--Tiyamike Ngonda, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa

"Theory and governing equations are presented in an organized manner. The flow of text is quite easy to follow, and covers all topics needed to be taught in a design course."

--Hessam Taherian, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

""I would highly recommend this book and instructor resources to professors for undergraduate or graduate level courses in HVAC design and building energy science, with the expectation that students would keep this book and use it on a day-to-day basis in their careers."

----Andy Walker, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, USA

"The authors have taken great care to update their previous version of this book with the inclusion of several relevant hardware related application chapters and references to current ASHRAE standards."

---Kevin R. Anderson, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California, USA

Table of Contents

Background to the Building Sector and Energy Use Patterns

A Bit of history

Importance of Buildings in the US Economy and Other Countries

Energy Use Patterns by Building Type and End Use

Roles of Building Energy Professionals and HVAC Design Engineers

Basic Concepts in Economics of Energy Efficiency

Units and Conversions

Order of Magnitude Calculations

Basic Thermal Science

Fluid and Thermodynamic Properties

Determining Property Values

Types of flow regimes

Conservation of mass and momentum

First law of thermodynamics

Second law of thermodynamics

Modes of heat transfer

Conduction heat transfer

Convection heat transfer

Radiation heat transfer

Evaporative and moisture transfer

Closure

Human Thermal Comfort and Indoor Air Quality

Indoor environmental quality (IEQ)

Thermal comfort

The perception of comfort

Air quality and indoor contaminants

Control of indoor air quality

Closure

Solar Radiation

Introduction

Solar movement and basic angles

Solar geometry with respect to local observer

Extra-terrestrial insolation

Effect of atmosphere

ASHRAE clear sky irradiance model

Transposition models for tilted and vertical surfaces

Measured solar radiation data worldwide

Statistical correlation models

Heat Gains through Windows

Importance and design considerations

Optical properties

Thermal properties

Solar heat gains

External and internal shading

High-Performance glazing

Infiltration and Natural Ventilation

Importance and basic definitions

Infiltration rates across building stock

Basic flow equations

Introduction and types of air flow models

Crack flow equation

Induced pressure differences

Engineering component models for air infiltration

Simplified physical models for single-zone air infiltration

Multizone models

Natural ventilation air flow through large openings

Measuring air infiltration and inter-zone flows

Infiltration heat recovery

Steady State Heat Flows

Load calculations

Solar air temperature and instantaneous conduction heat gain

Below grade heat transfer

Internal heat gains

Treatment of one zone spaces

Multi-zoning in buildings

Transient Heat Flow through Building Elements

Basic concepts

Numerical methods- finite difference

Time series methods for conduction heat gains

Thermal network models

Frequency domain methods

Heating and Cooling Design Load Calculations

Introduction

Winter and summer design conditions

Design heating load calculation procedure

Subtleties with cooling load calculations

Transfer function method for cooling load calculations

Heat balance method

Radiant time series method

Simplified Annual Energy Estimation Methods and Inverse Modeling

General approaches

Degree day method

Models for estimating degree-days under different base temperature

Bin method

Advantages and limitations

Inverse modeling

Description of Typical Building HVAC Systems and Components

Primary and secondary systems

Types of secondary systems

Broad classification of HVAC systems

Unitary split systems

Centralized systems

District systems

Thermal Principles Relevant to Equipment and Systems

First Law: Heat and work interactions

Second Law applied to ideal Carnot cycles

Pure substances

Homogeneous binary mixtures

Convective heat transfer correlations

Heat exchangers

Psychrometric Properties and Processes

Definition and importance of psychrometrics

Composition and pressure of atmospheric air

Psychrometric properties of moist air

Analytical approach to determining moist-air properties

The psychrometric chart

Basic psychrometric processes

Closure

Chillers and Heat Pump Cycles and Systems

Standard Vapor Compression Cycle

Modified and Actual VC Cycles

Absorption Cooling

Chiller Systems

Air Source Heat Pumps

Rating Standards

Part Load Performance

Ground Source Heat Pumps

Decentralized Water Loop Heat Pumps

Theoretical Performance Indices for Heating and Cooling

Refrigerants

Combustion Heating Equipment and Systems

Principles of combustion

Furnaces

Boilers

Seasonal energy calculations

Improving and monitoring thermal performance

Combined heat and power systems

Pumps, Fans and System Interactions

Modified equation of motion

Pressure losses in liquid and air systems

Prime movers

System and prime mover interactions

Types of fans and their control

Duct design methods

Fluid flow measurement

Closure

Cooling System Equipment

Introduction

Compressors

Expansion devices

Evaporators and condensers

Heating air coils

Wet cooling air coils

Cooling towers

Hydronic Distribution Equipment and Systems

Hydronic system classification

Types of hydronic distribution circuits

Traditional terminal units

Low temperature radiant panels

Auxiliary heating equipment

Piping system design

Modulating valves and capacity control

Large cooling systems

Cool thermal energy storage

All-Air Systems

Basic principles

Single zone single duct CAV systems

Single zone single duct VAV systems

All-air systems for multiple zones

Design sizing and energy analysis

Energy efficiency design and operation practices

Energy penalties due to mixing of hot and cold streams

Closure

Room Air Distribution and Hybrid Secondary Systems

Introduction

Basic air-water systems

Air Distribution in Rooms

Fully mixed room distribution systems

Other types of room air distribution methods

Chilled beams

Hybrid secondary systems

Evaporative cooling cycle and systems

Desiccant cooling systems

HVAC Control Systems

Introductory concepts

Modes of feedback control

Basic control hardware

Basic control system design considerations

Examples of HVAC control systems

Building Automation

Topics in advanced control system design

Summary

Lighting and Daylighting

Principles of lighting

Electric lighting

Daylighting

Analysis of daylighting

Design of buildings for daylighting

Costing and Economic Analysis

Comparing present and future costs

Life cycle cost

Economic evaluation criteria

Complications of the decision process

Cost estimation

Optimization

Chapter 24. Design for Energy Efficiency

The Road to Efficiency

Design Elements and Recommendations

Residential Buildings

Commercial Buildings: HVAC Systems

Alternative Energy Technologies

Uncertainty in Simulations

Energy Benchmarking and Rating

Drivers for Efficiency

About the Authors

T. Agami Reddy is SRP Professor of Energy and Environment at Arizona State University with joint faculty appointments with the Design School and the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment. During his 30 year career, he has also held faculty and research positions at Drexel University, Texas A&M University and Princeton University. He teaches and does research in the areas of sustainable energy systems (green buildings, HVAC&R, solar and resiliency/sustainability) and building energy data analytics. He is the author of two textbooks and has close to 200 refereed journal and conference papers, and several book chapters and technical research reports. He is a licensed mechanical engineer and Fellow of both ASME and ASHRAE. He received the ASHRAE Distinguished Service Award in 2008, and was the recipient of the 2014 Yellott Award from the ASME Solar Energy Division.

Jan F. Kreider has served as a professor of engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and is a founding director of its Joint Center for Energy Management. He received his BSME degree (magna cum laude) from Case Western Reserve University, and his postgraduate degrees from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Dr. Kreider is the author of numerous college textbooks and more than 200 technical articles and reports, and has managed numerous building systems research projects. He is a fellow of the ASME, an active member of ASHRAE, and a winner of ASHRAE’s E.K. Campbell Award for excellence in building systems education. He is also the president of a consulting company specializing in energy system design and analysis.

Peter Curtiss received his BSCE degree from Princeton University, and his advanced degrees from the University of Colorado at Boulder. He has served as an adjunct professor, and has worked as an engineering consultant. Dr. Curtiss has he author of over 40 technical journal articles, on subjects ranging from neural network modeling and control of building systems to solar radiation measurement. He has worked at research institutes in Israel, Portugal, and France as well as at a number of private engineering firms.

Ari Rable has served as a research scientist at the Centre d’Energetique of the l’Ecole de Mines in Paris, as well as research professor at the University of Colorado. He received his PhD in Physics from the University of California at Berkeley, and has worked at the Argonne National Laboratory, the Solar Energy Research Institute, and the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies at Princeton University. Dr. Rable is the author of more than 50 journal articles, numerous technical reports, and holds 10 patents. He is a member of the American Physical Society and ASHRAE.

About the Series

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
SCI065000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical