This collection offers the first comprehensive and definitive account of Martin Heidegger’s philosophy of technology. It does so through a detailed analysis of canonical texts and recently published primary sources on two crucial concepts in Heidegger’s later thought: Gelassenheit and Gestell. Gelassenheit, translated as ‘releasement’, and Gestell, often translated as ‘enframing’, stand as opposing ideas in Heidegger’s work whereby the meditative thinking of Gelassenheit counters the dangers of our technological framing of the world in Gestell. After opening with a scholarly overview of Heidegger’s philosophy of technology as a whole, this volume focuses on important Heideggerian critiques of science, technology, and modern industrialized society as well as Heidegger’s belief that transformations in our thought processes enable us to resist the restrictive domain of modern techno-scientific practice. Key themes discussed in this collection include: the history, development, and defining features of modern technology; the relationship between scientific theories and their technological instantiations; the nature of human agency and the essence of education in the age of technology; and the ethical, political, and environmental impact of our current techno-scientific customs. This volume also addresses the connection between Heidegger’s critique of technology and his involvement with the Nazis. Finally, and with contributions from a number of renowned Heidegger scholars, the original essays in this collection will be of great interest to students of Philosophy, Technology Studies, the History of Science, Critical Theory, Environmental Studies, Education, Sociology, and Political Theory.
Introduction: Heidegger’s Thinking Through Technology
Christopher Merwin, Aaron James Wendland, and Christos Hadjioannou
1. The Task of Thinking in a Technological Age
Mark A. Wrathall
2. Im-position: Heidegger’s Analysis of the Essence of Modern Technology
Daniel O. Dahlstrom
3. Heidegger’s Critique of Techno-science as a Critique of Husserl’s Reductive Method
4. The Challenge of Heidegger’s Approach to Technology: A Phenomenological Reading
5. Letting Things Be for Themselves: Gelassenheit as Enabling Thinking
6. The Question Concerning the Machine: Heidegger’s Technology Notebooks in the 1940s-50s
Andrew J. Mitchell
7. Heidegger’s Releasement from the Technological Will
Bret W. Davis
8. Heidegger’s New Beginning: History, Technology, and National Socialism
Aaron James Wendland
9. Technology, Ontotheology, Education
10. Heidegger, Habermas, Freedom, and Technology
11. How Pertinent is Heidegger’s Thinking for Deep Ecology?
Michael E. Zimmerman
12. Poetry and the Gods: From Gestell to Gelassenheit
13. Letting Beings Be: An Ecofeminist Reading of Gestell, Gelassenheit, and Sustainability
14. Machenshaft and the Audit Society: The Philosophy and Politics of the ‘Accessibility of Everything to Everyone’
15. Heidegger vs. Kuhn: Does Science Think?
Aaron James Wendland
16. Quantum Theory as Technology
17. Naturalizing Gestell?