This volume analyzes the politics, policy and practice of cultural heritage at the global level, identifying the major directions in which international heritage practice is moving, and exploring the key issues likely to shape the cultural heritage field well into the twenty-first century. It examines the tensions between the universal claims of much heritage practice, particularly that associated with the World Heritage system, and national and local perspectives. It explores the international legal framework developed since World War Two to protect heritage, particularly at times of war, and from theft, showing how contemporary global problems of conflict and illicit trade continue to challenge the international legal system.
Heritage and Globalisation critiques the incorporation of heritage in the world economy through the policies of international development organisations and the global tourism trade. It also approaches heritage from seldom-considered perspectives, as a form of aid, as a development paradigm, and as a form of sustainable practice.
The book identifies some of the most pressing issues likely to face the heritage industry at a global level in coming decades, including the threat posed by climate change and the need for poverty reduction. Providing a historically and theoretically rigorous approach to heritage as a form of and manifestation of globalisation, the volume’s emphasis is on contemporary issues and new fields for heritage practice.
'Almost every researcher, teacher, and student working in the field of heritage studies will find this collection a valuable source of information and inspiration, and it should also be required reading for politicians, heritage professionals, and community activists developing strategies for the coming decade.' – Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites
Part 1: Global and Local Tensions 1. The Magic List of Global Status: UNESCO, World Heritage and the Agendas of States Marc Askew 2. Politics and Power: The Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome) as World Heritage Olwen Beazley 3. World Heritage, Authencity and Post-authenticity: International and National Perspectives Sophoa Labadi 4. An Ivory Bull Head from Afghanistan: Legal and Ethical Dilemmas in National and Globalized Heritage Juliette van Krieken-Pieters 5. Globalizing Intangible Cultural Heritage? Between International Arenas and Local Aappropriations Chiara Bortolotto Part 2: Heritage, Development and Globalisation 6. Heritage Tourism: The Dawn of a New Era? Tim Winter 7. The Glocalisation of Heritage through Tourism: Balancing Standardization and Differentiation Noel Salazar 8. The Business of Heritage and the Private Sector Fiona Starr Part 3: The Future of the Past: Twenty-first Century Challenges 9. Cultural Heritage and the Global Environmental Ccrisis Colin Long and Anita Smith 10. Conflict Heritage and Expert Failure Lynn Meskell 11. Material Heritage and Poverty Reduction Kathryn Lafrenz Samuels
Key Issues in Cultural Heritage is a new and unique series which aims to identify interdisciplinary debates within the changing and under-theorized field of Heritage Studies and to explore how they impact on the practices not only of heritage management and conservation, but also the processes of production, consumption and engagement with heritage in its many and varied forms. Each volume brings together a selection of international contributors and global case studies, providing a balance of theoretical and empirical content.