Heterophase Network Polymers
Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties
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This volume explains the theory and experimental investigations in the preparation of heterophase polymer network materials through cure reaction-induced microphase separation (CRIMPS). It describes the synthesis of a new family of block- and graft-copolymers with controlled solubility in epoxies and characterizes CRIMPS processes using novel applications of known methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance and photochemistry. The text develops a new method for characterizing the molecular mass distribution (MMD) of linear and network polymers using thermomechanical analysis data, as well as new methods for determining internal stresses and flaw formation during thermoset curing.
The CRIMPS theory will be helpful for researchers and engineers designing and improving toughened plastics and other smart heterophase network materials for different applications. The new method for MMD characterization of polymers in bulk will be very useful to quickly analyze a polymer's MMD and to design new polymers. This book will provide a useful reference for graduates, researchers and working professionals in polymer chemistry and physics and materials science.
Table of Contents
Part 1. Synthesis and Characterization of Modifiers 1. Synthesis of Well-Defined Bifunctional Oligobutadienes as Initiated by Dilithium Alkanes Soluble in Hydrocarbons Aleksandr A. Grishchuk, Larisa T. Kasumova and Yakov I. Estrin 2. Synthesis of Block Copolymers with Controlled Solubility in Epoxy Resins Elmira R. Badamshina, Yakov I. Estrin, Valentina A. Grigor'eva, Aleksandr A. Grishchuk, Galina A. Gorbushina, Larisa T. Kasumova, Viktoriya V. Komratova, Anatolii I. Kuzaev, and Vera P. Lodygrina 3. Universal Calibration in Gel Permeation Chromatography of Oligomers Anatolii I. Kuzaev 4. Phase Equilibrium in Binary Polymer Systems Based on Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol A Yurii M. Mikhailov, Lyudmila V. Ganina and Vladimir S Smirnov Part 2. Theory of Microphase Separation in Curing Systems 5. Cure Reaction-Induced Microphase Separation in Multicomponent Blends: Theory of Nonequilibrium Nucleation and Growth Grigori M. Sigalov and Boris A Rozenberg 6. Analytical Description of Microphase Formation in Curing Polymer Blends Leonid I. Manevich, Boris A. Rozenberg, and Shagen A. Shaginyan 7. Two-Dimensional Model of Phase Separation During Polymerization of a Binary Polymer Blend Avigeya N. Ivanova and Leonid I. Manevich 8. Theory and Simulation for Dynamics of Polymerization-Induced Phase Separation in Reactive Polymer Blends Thein Kyu, Hao-Wen Chiu and Jae-Hyung Lee 9. Phase Diagrams of Multicomponent Reacting Polymer Systems Undergoing Phase Decomposition Elina L. Manevitch, Grigori M. Sigalov, and Boris A. Rozenberg Part 3. Kinetics and Mechanism of Cure Reactions and Reaction-Induced Microphase Separation 10. Cure Rate and CRIMPS Mechanism Lyudmila M. Bogdanova, Emma A. Dzhavadyan, Grigori M. Sigalov and Borris A. Rozenberg 11. The Role of Intermolecular Interactions in Polyurethane Formation Elena V. Stovbun, Vera P. Lodygina, Elmira R. Badamshina, Valentina A. Grigor'eva, Irina V. Doronina and Sergei M. Baturin 12. Formation of Spatial Dissipative Structures During Synthesis of Polyurethanes Lev P. Smirnov, and Evgenii V. Deyun Part 4. Structure-Properties Relationship 13. Thermoset/Thermoplastic Blends with a Crosslinked Thermoplastic Network Matrix Ying Yang, Tsuneo Chiba, and Takashi Inoue 14. Epoxy-Based PDLCs: Formation, Morphological and Electroptical Properties Lyudmila L. Gur'eva, Georgii B. Nosov, Vladimir K. Gerasimov, Anatolii E. Chalykh, Anatolii S. Sonin and Boris A. Rozenberg 15. Crosslinking Studies in Rigid and Semi-Rigid Polymers Shawn Jenkins, Karl I. Jacob and Satish Kumar 16. Modeling Shrinkage Defect in Fiber Composites Vladimir N. Korotkov and Boris A. Rozenberg 17. Analysis of Shrinkage Cracking in Three-Dimensionally Constrained Heterophase Network Polymers Valentina A. Lesnichaya and Vladimir N. Korotkov 18. Modeling Polymer Film Formation by Spin Coating Aleksei K. Alekseev, Sergi M. Baturin, Georgii A. Pavlov and Anatolii A. Shiryaev 19. Thermal Decomposition of Thin Polyepoxide Films Lev P. Smirnov Part 5. New Approaches to Polymer Networks Characterization 20. Characterization of Molecular Weight Distribution for Linear and Network Polymers in the Bulk Vadim I. Irzhak 21. Microphase Separation in Epoxies as Studied by Photoactive Probe Technique Vladimir F. Razumov, Sergei B. Brichkin, Aleksandr V. Veretennikov, Lyudmila L. Gur'eva, Lyudmila M. Bogdanova and Boris A. Roznberg 22. Investigation of CRIMPS by NMR Viktor P. Tarasov, Anatolii K. Khitrin, Lyudmila M. Bogdanova, and Boris A. Rozenberg 23. CRIMPA in a Epoxy-Amine System as Studied by ESR Boris E. Krisyuk and Boris A. Rozenberg 24. Gelation and Reaction-Induced Microphase Separation During Cure of Model Epoxy-Amine Systems as Studied by Dielectroscopy Gennadii F. Novikov, Tatyana L. Elizarova, Emma A. Dzhavadyan, Lyudmaila M. Bogdanova, and Boris A. Rozenberg 25. Pulsed NQR for Measuring Internal Stresses in Polymers and Composites Viktor P. Tarasov, Leonid N. Erofeev, Emma A. Dzhavadyan, Yurii N. Smirnov, and Boris A. Rozenberg Subject Index
BORIS A. ROZENBERG is a Head of the Department of Polymers and Composite Materials at the . Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Professor at Chernogolovka’s branch of Moscow State University, Russia. His research interests are in the kinetics and mechanism of formation and modification of polymers and composites, phase transformations in reacting polymer systems, and the structure and properties of polymers and composites. GRIGORI M. SIGALOV is affiliated to the Institute of Polymer Engineering,. The University of Akron, Akron OH, USA. His research interests include the theory of microphase separation in curing multicomponent polymer systems, digital image analysis methods for characterization of the smicnirc of multiphase polymer blends, processing conditions-morphology and material morphology-properties correlations, and non-linear dynamics in polymer systems