High-Pressure Physics: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

High-Pressure Physics

1st Edition

By John Loveday

Chapman and Hall/CRC

342 pages | 144 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138199101
pub: 2016-10-12
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pub: 2012-06-06
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pub: 2012-06-06
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High-pressure science has undergone a revolution in the last 15 years. The development of intense new x-ray and neutron sources, improved detectors, new instrumentation, greatly increased computation power, and advanced computational algorithms have enabled researchers to determine the behavior of matter at static pressures in excess of 400 GPa. Shock-wave techniques have allowed access to the experimental pressure-temperature range beyond 1 TPa and 10,000 K.

High-Pressure Physics introduces the current state of the art in this field. Based on lectures presented by leading researchers at the 63rd Scottish Universities Summer School in Physics, the book summarizes the latest experimental and theoretical techniques. Highlighting applications in a range of physics disciplines—from novel materials synthesis to planetary interiors—this book cuts across many areas and supplies a solid grounding in high-pressure physics.

Chapters cover a wide array of topics and techniques, including:

  • High-pressure devices
  • The design of pressure cells
  • Electrical transport experiments
  • The fabrication process for customizing diamond anvils
  • Equations of state (EOS) for solids in a range of pressures and temperatures
  • Crystallography, optical spectroscopy, and inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) techniques
  • Magnetism in solids
  • The internal structure of Earth and other planets
  • Measurement and control of temperature in high-pressure experiments
  • Solid state chemistry and materials research at high pressure
  • Liquids and glasses
  • The study of hydrogen at high density

A resource for graduate students and young researchers, this accessible reference provides an overview of key research areas and applications in high-pressure physics.


"… an excellent background and literature review for each topic. The topics themselves are a good mix of experimental and theoretical … viewed as an introductory text, this is an excellent book, with something for anyone about to start working in the general area of high pressure science. I can strongly recommend it to all new Ph.D. students who should be encouraged to read it all … as there are many useful insights to be gained by studying a subject like this ‘in the round.’"

—Matt Probert, Contemporary Physics, 2013

"… a very readable book. containing very good technical descriptions, data, graphs on material properties, and some theory with a focus on providing the reader with useful and relevant information on high·pressure physics. This is an outstanding book for someone new to this research area."

—IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Table of Contents

High-Pressure Devices


The cylinder: the most common high-pressure device

Belt type apparatuses

Opposed anvil devices: Bridgman, Drickamer and profiled anvils

Multi-anvil devices

The diamond anvil cell

Other gem anvil cells: sapphire, moissanite and zirconia cells

Pressure transmitting media


Instrumentation Development for High-Pressure Research


Design flow

Pressure generation and the types of pressure cells

Materials properties

Materials selection

Technical drawings

Finite element analysis

Machining and tolerances

Testing and safety certification

Electrical Transport Experiments at High Pressure


Electrical Measurement Techniques with Diamond Anvil Cells

Superconductivity under High Pressure



Conductivity Experiments at High-Pressure and Very High Temperatures

Single-Crystal Experiments

Hall Effect and Magnetoresistance


Other Uses of Electrical Transport Techniques

Future Directions

Advances in Customized Diamond Anvils


Laser-Drilled Diamond Anvils

“Designer” Diamond Anvils

Designer Anvil Fabrication Process Steps

Types of Designer Anvils

“Intelligent” Diamond Anvils (iDAC)

Integrated Circuit Technique using Alumina Films

Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Systems

Further Examples of the Use of Customized Anvils in High-Pressure Experiments

Future Prospects

Further Development of CVD Diamond Growth Technology

Equations of State for Solids in Wide Ranges of Pressure and Temperature


Parametric EOS forms

Thermodynamic modeling

Comparison with experimental results

Comparison of thermodynamic and parametric formulations


High Pressure Crystallography


Technical developments

Optical Spectroscopy at High Pressure


General aspects

The Raman and IR spectroscopy set-up


Carbon dioxide

Concluding remarks

Inelastic X-ray Scattering


General aspects



Optical Spectroscopy in the Diamond Anvil Cell


Spectroscopy units, spectral ranges, and dimension constraints

Basic principles


Probing of intra- and inter- molecular interactions under pressure – The example of hydrogen

Optical properties of minerals in the deep Earth interior


Magnetism and High Pressure

Magnetic equation of state, feedback, instability

Types of magnetic interactions

Magnetic phase transitions

Examples of high pressure magnetic measurement methods

The Deep Earth


Geophysical constraints

Phase transitions

Refining the chemical composition of the deep reservoirs

Core dynamics

Differentiation of the Earth


Planetary Interiors


Terrestrial planets

Giant planets


Temperature Measurement and Control in High-Pressure Experiments


Resistance heating and the thermocouple principle for temperature measurements

“Large volume” devices and sample assemblies

Blackbody radiation and laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments

Solid State and Materials Chemistry at High Pressure



Diamond and related materials

High pressure mineralogy and solid state materials research

Superconductors, elemental alloys and high-hardness metals

Clathrates and new “light element” solids


Liquids and Amorphous Materials



Exploring the liquid state

Amorphous materials

The glass transition

The influence of pressure

Metastable melting

Two state models

Liquid fragility

Polyamorphic systems

Experimental techniques

The role of diffraction

Glass and liquid structure

Case studies

Transitions in the strong amorphous network

Non-oxide glasses: GeSe2

Future directions

Dense Hydrogen


The isolated molecule and low density solid

Hydrogen under pressure

High pressures and temperatures


About the Series

Scottish Graduate Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Physics
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics