High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage: Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage

Fundamentals and Applications, 1st Edition

By Yixiang Shi, Ningsheng Cai, Tianyu Cao, Jiujun Zhang

CRC Press

207 pages | 30 Color Illus. | 96 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2017-11-06
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As global demands for energy and lower carbon emissions rise, developing systems of energy conversion and storage becomes necessary. This book explores how Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion (EESC) devices are promising advanced power systems that can directly convert chemical energy in fuel into power, and thereby aid in proposing a solution to the global energy crisis. The book focuses on high-temperature electrochemical devices that have a wide variety of existing and potential applications, including the creation of fuel cells for power generation, production of high-purity hydrogen by electrolysis, high-purity oxygen by membrane separation, and various high-temperature batteries. High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive view of the new technologies in high-temperature electrochemistry. Written in a clear and detailed manner, it is suitable for developers, researchers, or students of any level.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to High-Temperature Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage

Chapter 2 High-Temperature Fuel Cells: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Performance Characteristics of SOFCs

2.3 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fueling with Syngas and Hydrocarbons

2.3.1 Hydrogen Electrochemical Oxidation

2.3.2 Carbon Monoxide Electrochemical Oxidation

2.3.3 SOFC Performance and Mechanisms with H2/CO Mixture Fuel

2.3.4 Hydrocarbon Electrochemical Oxidation

2.3.5 Carbon Deposition

2.4 Modeling and Simulation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

2.4.1 PEN Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

2.4.2 Unit Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

2.4.3 Stack Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

2.5 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System

2.5.1 Typical System Configuration

2.5.2 Fuel Processing

2.5.3 CO2 Capture in SOFC Based Power Generation Systems

2.6 Challenges and Perspectives of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


Chapter 3 High-Temperature Electrolysis: From Reaction Mechanism to System Integration

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Fundamentals of Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell

3.2.1 Basic Structures and Working Principles

3.2.2 Thermodynamics

3.2.3 Reaction Kinetics of SOEC

3.3 Reaction Mechanism in the Nickel-Patterned Electrode

3.3.1 Carbon Deposition Mechanism

3.3.2 Electrochemical Conversion Mechanism of CO/CO2

3.4 Heterogeneous Chemistry and Electrochemistry in the Porous Electrode

3.4.1 Basic Performance

3.4.2 Analysis for Methane Production Pathways

3.4.3 Elementary Reaction Model and PEN Model

3.4.4 Effect of the Key Parameters in NE

3.4.5 Coupling of Reaction and Transfer Processes in PE

3.4.6 Fuel-Assisted Electrolysis

3.5 Operating Condition Design and Dynamic Behaviors in the Tubular Cell

3.5.1 Experiment

3.5.2 Comprehensive Electro-Thermal Model for Tubular SOEC

3.6 High Temperature Electrolysis Systems and Integration with Renewable/Fossil Energy Systems

3.6.1 System Integration and Typical Configuration

3.6.2 Novel Criterion for the Renewable Power Storage System

3.6.3 Power Storage Strategy in the Renewable Power System

3.7 Challenges and Outlooks

Chapter 4 Flame Fuel Cells

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Working Principle and Efficiency Analysis

4.3. Fuel-rich Combustion

4.3.1 Types of Burners

4.4. FFC Performance

4.4.1 Electrochemical Performance

4.4.2 FFC Unit Configurations

4.5. Challenges in FFC

4.5.1 Thermal Shock Resistance

4.5.2 Carbon Deposition

4.6. Applications in CHP Systems

4.7. Conclusions

Chapter 5 Solid Oxide Direct Carbon Fuel Cell

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Thermodynamics of Carbon Conversion

5.2.1. Open Circuit Potential of Carbon Air Battery

5.2.2. Theoretical Efficiency of DCFC

5.2.3. Practical Efficiency of Carbon Air DCFC

5.3. DCFC Configuration

5.3.1. Solid Oxide DCFC

5.3.2. Molten Media in DCFC

5.4. Role of CO in Carbon Conversion

5.4.1. "CO shuttle" Mechanism

5.4.2. Steam Gasification

5.4.3. Catalytic Gasification

5.4.4. Indirect Carbon Fuel Cell

5.5. Carbon Conversion in Molten Media

5.5.1. Wetting Conditions of Carbon by Molten Carbonate

5.5.2. Carbon Conversion Mechanisms in Molten Carbonate

5.5.3. Chemical & Electrochemical Reactions in Liquid Metal

5.6. Carbon Based Fuel Cell Systems

5.6.1. Direct Carbon Fuel Cell Systems

5.6.2. Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell Systems

5.7. Prospects and Technical Challenges of DCFC

5.7.1. Demand for Distributed Energy Technology in China

5.7.2. Technical Issues of DCFCs

5.7.3. Conclusions

About the Authors

Dr. Yixiang Shi is an associate professor in Department of Thermal Engineering at Tsinghua University. Dr. Shi obtained a B.A. Degree from Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University in 2003. He got his Ph.D. degree in 2008 in Tsinghua University, and did related researches in high temperature fuel cells. During 2007-2008, he worked in University of California, Irvine as a joint educated Ph.D. candidate. After that, he worked as a postdoctoral associate researcher in Mechanical Engineering Department in MIT during 2008-2009. Dr. Shi currently serves as the Deputy Secretary of Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Director Assistant of Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education. He has been long engaged in the theoretical modeling and experimental characterization on the reaction and transport processes of solid oxide fuel cells, direct carbon fuel cells, direct flame fuel cells, elevated temperature pressure swing adsorption separation technology, and CO2 electrochemical conversion. He is the author/co-author of more than 80 peer-reviewed articles and several book chapters and patents. He was awarded the "221" Basic Research Plan for Young Faculties, Tsinghua University, Beijing Higher Education Young Elite Teacher Award, Outstanding award for Youth-Teaching Contest of Tsinghua University, Excellent Doctoral Dissertation and Outstanding Ph.D. Graduation Award, as well as The academic youngster Scholarship of Tsinghua University. Dr. Shi is a Board Committee Member of the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES).

Dr. Ningsheng Cai is Professor in Department of Thermal Engineering at Tsinghua University, Distinguished Professor of Cheung Kong Scholars Programme of Ministry of Education of China. Prof. Cai is now serving as the Deputy Director of the Office of Scientific R&D, Tsinghua University. He is also the Deputy Director of the National Engineering Research Center of Clean Coal Combustion, Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, and Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory for CO2 Utilization & Reduction. He is a Springer Editorial Board member for Energy, Consultant Editor of Greenhouse Gases - Science and Technology, ASME Research Committee member on Sustainable Energy, Editorial Board member of International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. He obtained his B.S. degree of Engineering in Power Engineering from Xi'an Jiaotong University in 1982, M.E. degree of Engineering in Thermal Energy Engineering at Nanjing Institute of Technology in 1987, and Ph.D degree of Engineering in Thermal Energy Engineering from Southeast University / Mechanical Engineering at University of Tennessee Space Institute (USA), in 1991, respectively. His current research activities cover several areas such as clean coal Technologies including CO2 capture with solid adsorbents, chemical looping combustion, coal gasification combined cycle power generation and co-production systems, solid oxide fuel cells, as well as the electrolyte Cells.

Mr. Tianyu Cao is a young researcher in electrochemical conversion and power generation. Tianyu received his bachelor degree from Department of Thermal Engineering at Tsinghua University in 2014. He then began to pursue a doctoral degree in the same department. Tianyu has been devoting himself to research and development of direct carbon fuel cell. He is also interested in reaction processes in fuel cells and rechargeable batteries.

Dr. Jiujun Zhang is a Principal Research Officer and Core-Competency Leader at the Energy, Mining & Environment, National Research Council of Canada (NRC-EME). Dr. Zhang received his B.S. and M.Sc. in Electrochemistry from Peking University in 1982 and 1985, respectively, and his Ph.D. in Electrochemistry from Wuhan University in 1988. After completing his Ph.D., he took a position as an associate professor at the Huazhong Normal University for two years. Starting in 1990, he carried out three terms of postdoctoral research at the California Institute of Technology, York University, and the University of British Columbia. Dr. Zhang has over thirty years of R&D experience in theoretical and applied electrochemistry, including over eighteen years of fuel cell R&D (among these 6 years at Ballard Power Systems and 12 years at NRC-IFCI (before 2011)/NRC-EME (after 2011), and 3 years of electrochemical sensor experience. Dr. Zhang holds several adjunct professorships, including one at the University of Waterloo, one at the University of British Columbia and one at Peking University. Up to now, Dr. Zhang has co-authored more than 400 publications including 230 refereed journal papers with approximately 16000 citations, 15 edited /co-authored books, 11 conference proceeding papers, 36 book chapters, as well as 110 conference and invited oral presentations. He also holds over 10 US/EU/WO/JP/CA patents, 11 US patent publications, and produced in excess of 90 industrial technical reports. Dr. Zhang serves as the editor/editorial board member for several international journals as well as Editor for book series (Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion, CRC press). Dr. Zhang is an active member of The Electrochemical Society (ECS), the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE, Fellow Member), and the American Chemical Society (ACS), Canadian Institute of Chemistry (CIC), as well as the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES, Board Committee Member).

About the Series

Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Electrical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels