1st Edition

High-Value Plants Novel Insights and Biotechnological Advances

    284 Pages 18 Color & 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    High-value crops are non-staple plants that give much higher return per unit area than staple crops. Diversification and investing towards high-value crops can potentially increase farm incomes to make high-value crops more attractive to new and potential farmers. Though staple agricultural products are necessary, identification of and investing in high-value plant agriculture could enhance the income to the prospective farmers, making them more attractive as a livelihood or profession to small-scale agricultural farmers to commercialize their product in global market, as the demand for high-value food and other products has been increasing day by day.

    This new volume explores the biotechnological applications for the unique high-value crops in response to the impending high-value agriculture revolution, which will make agriculture attractive and challenging venture to the youths. The book discusses traditional knowledge, nutritional value, phytochemical activity, value addition quality, and postharvest management of some select unique high-value crops, including black ginger, bastard oleaster, Swertia chirayita, Garcinia, Parkia timoriana (or tree bean), King chili, Chenopodium (or goosefoots), sea buckthorn, broom grass, lichens, and others.

    High-Value Plants: Novel Insights and Biotechnological Advances provides important information for small-scale farmers and agricultural and horticultural professionals to consider diversifying into non-traditional, high-value, agricultural crops, an important area of potential income growth in rural areas.

    1. Kaempferia parviflora: A Black Ginger with Promising Ornamental and Medicinal Value

    Lhaineichong Khongsai and Chingakham Brajakishor Singh

    2. Elaeagnus latifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae): A Promising and Emerging High-Value Bioresource with Nutraceutical and Pharmaceutical Prospects

    Evanylla Kharlyngdoh, Longing Basuk Langstieh, Jitendra Kumar Shukla, Pardeep Kumar Bhardwaj, and Pulok Kumar Mukherjee

    3. Swertia chirayita, A Critically Endangered High-Value Medicinal Plant of the Himalayan Region

    Jitendra Kumar Shukla, Bharti Kashyap, Kishor Basor, Preeti Dhakal. Evanylla Kharlyngdoh, Pardeep Kumar Bhardwaj, and Pulok Kumar Mukherjee

    4. Genus Garcinia in Northeast India: Folklore Applications, Scope, and Opportunities

    Bora J. C. and Joshi D. D.

    5. Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr.: An Important Economic Plant

    Maibam Beebina Chanu and Ch. Brajakishor Singh

    6. King Chili: A Future Potential Source of Pharmacological Applications

    Wahengbam Kabita Chanu and Chingakham Brajakishor Singh

    7. Chenopodium: Future Smart Crop from the Indian Himalaya

    Rajkumari Jashmi Devi, Nikhil Kumar Chrungoo, and Biseshwori Thongam

    8. Unearthing of Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Spp) In India

    Thangjam Anand Singh, Prakash K. Sarangi, and Ng. Joykumar Singh

    9. Perspectives and Potential of Indian Organic Basmati Rice

    Ankur Saxena and Ashutosh Singh

    10. High-Value Plant Resources in Riparian Areas

    Poppy Rajbongshi and Tapati Das

    11. Processing and Potential of Broom Grass (Thysanolaena latifolia)

    Achintya Kumar Sinha, Mihir Kumar Reang, and Sourabh Deb

    12. Lichens in Himalayan Region: Present and Future Perspective

    Awadhesh Kumar, Nurpen Meitei Thangjam, Tbc Laldingliani, and Ch. Brajakishor Singh

    Biography

    Thangjam Anand Singh, PhD, is a Scientist working with the Directorate of Research at Central Agricultural University in Imphal, India. He earned his PhD degree in the broad area of therapeutic enzymes associated with fermented foods of Northeast India from the Biotechnology Department, Gauhati University, Guwahati, India, although the major bulk of his PhD research was carried out at the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development (IBSD), Imphal, India. During his research career, he has worked with many renowned institutes in the Northeastern Hill Region (NEH) of India, including the North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh; Indian Council of Agricultural Research, NEH region of India at Barapani, Meghalaya; and IBSD. Dr. Singh has firsthand knowledge of the region from his many field trips, reaching nooks and corners of this remote area. Dr. Singh has been working on traditional ethnic foods of the region. His research is focused on ITK, fermented foods, traditional food processing, ethnobiology, food microbiology, nutraceutical and functional aspects of ethnic food, and postharvest engineering and technology. He has more than 15 years of teaching and research experience in medicinal and aromatic plant, microbial biotechnology, downstream processing, food biochemistry, food quality, and molecular biology. He also published more than 35 research articles in peer-reviewed international and national journals, authored several book chapters, and reviewed articles for many international journals. He is a member of the Association of Microbiologists of India and Indian Science Congress Association.

    Prakash Kumar Sarangi, PhD, is a scientist with specialization in microbiology at the Central Agricultural University in Imphal, India. He has a PhD degree in Microbial Biotechnology from Ravenshaw University, India, and a MTech degree from the Department of Agriculture and Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India. Dr. Sarangi’s research is focused on bioprocess engineering, biochemicals, biomaterials, and sustainable development. His expertise is in bioconversion of biomass into biofuels, biochemicals, and nutraceuticals, as well as environmental waste remediation. He has taken leading roles as the principal investigator in different R&D projects on biomass conversion and microbial biodegradation into value-added products. He has more than 12 years of teaching and research experience in biochemical engineering, microbial biotechnology, downstream processing, food microbiology, and molecular biology. He is serving as editorial board member for many international journals, including PLOS One and Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. He is serving as a guest editor for several journals. He has published more than 60 research articles in peer-reviewed journals and authored more than 25 book chapters. He has presented at many national and international conferences. He is associated with many scientific societies as a fellow member (Society for Applied Biotechnology) and a life member (Biotech Research Society of India; Society for Biotechnologists of India; Association of Microbiologists of India; Indian Science Congress Association; Forum of Scientists, Engineers & Technologists; and International Association of Academicians and Researchers). He has published many books on biomass conversion and value addition.

    Ch. Brajakishor Singh, PhD, is currently working as a Scientist at the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal, India. He has supervised several PhD and postdoctoral students. He has published more than 90 articles in peer-reviewed journals and filed one patent. His research areas of interest are medicinal plants, natural product chemistry, and synthesis of small heterocyclic molecules. He worked as a Research Associate at the Manipur University Chemistry Department and the Chemistry Department of the Indian Institute of Technology, Assam, India. He has worked at the National Center for Natural Research at the University of Mississippi, USA, as a visiting fellow. He also visited Tokushima Bunri University, Japan, for two months. Dr. Singh received his PhD and master’s degree from Manipur University, India.