1st Edition

Historical Archaeology and Heritage in the Middle East





  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after September 29, 2020
ISBN 9780367662318
September 29, 2020 Forthcoming by Routledge
240 Pages

USD $48.95

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Book Description

Landlord villages dominated Iranian land tenure for hundreds of years, whereby one powerful landlord owned the village structures, surrounding farmland, and to all intents and purposes, the village occupants themselves, a system that in some cases remained in place up to the 1979 Islamic Revolution. In Oman, mud-brick oases were home to most of the rural population right up until Sultan Qaboos came to power in 1970, and required inhabitants of mud-brick houses to relocate into new concrete block buildings.



Historical Archaeology and Heritage in the Middle East explores these everyday, rural communities in Iran and Oman in the 19th and 20th centuries, through a combination of building analysis, excavation, artefact analysis and ethnographic interviews. Drawing on the results of original field projects, the book considers new ways of exploring traditional lifeways, giving voice to hitherto largely ignored sections of the population, and offers new and different ways of thinking about how these people lived and what shaped their lives and the impact of major political and social changes on them. Place, memory and belonging are considered through the lens of material culture within these villages.



The first of its kind, the book brings together methodologies, research questions, and themes that have never been used or addressed in the Middle East. Helping to establish historical archaeology in the Middle East and providing new ways in which the memorable, quotidian past can be exploited for its social and economic value in contemporary community and heritage developments, it is an ideal resource for students, scholars and practitioners of historical archaeology and heritage of and in the Middle East.

Table of Contents

List of Figures



Acknowledgements



Notes on the Identification of Interviewees



1 Introduction



The aims of this book



Key concepts in this book: place, memory, belonging



Heritage



The case studies



  The Iran project: Landlord Villages of the Tehran Plain



  Landlord villages of Iran



  Post revolution villages



  The Oman project: Bat Oasis Heritage Project



  Oman villages of the interior



  Housing changes in Oman



Conclusion





2 Recent histories of Iran and Oman



An outline of recent Iranian History



An outline of recent Omani history



Nation building, heritage, and place



  Iran: nation building by the Pahlavis



  Oman: nation building by Sultan Qaboos



Conclusion





3 An archaeology of place and memory



Archaeology is a way of understanding how people make place



The village plans



Place and power



Giving meaning to place



Place and religion



Public places



Place and memory



Post abandonment



  Landlord villages



  Bat Oasis



Conclusion





4 Memory, place and belonging



Place, archaeology and memory



Place and belonging under attack



Mudbrick and memory in Oman



Mudbrick and memory in Iran



  Kazemabad and Hosseinabad Sanghar memories



  Gach Agach memories



Discussion and conclusion





5 Heritage in the Middle East



Heritage



UNESCO World Heritage in relation to the Middle East



Why is the Bat prehistoric archaeological landscape a WH site and not the Bat Oasis?



Heritage in the Middle East



National heritage in Oman



National heritage in Iran



Quotidian and fragmented heritage



Conclusion



6 Historical archaeology and heritage in the Middle East



Barriers to historical archaeologySo how should we go about setting up ‘good’ heritage and archaeology projects?



Community involvement



Conclusion



Bibliography



Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Ruth Young is a Reader in Archaeology at the University of Leicester, UK. She is interested in the historical archaeology and heritage of the Middle East and South Asia and has directed and co-directed excavations and fieldwork in Iran, Lebanon, Oman, and Pakistan. Her recent publications include Post-Conflict Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (2017, Routledge), and The Archaeology of South Asia (2105).