History of Development Thought
A Critical Anthology
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Development thought emerged as the governing principle of First World global hegemony in the new world order marked by the end of the Second World War and decolonization. Six decades later, at yet another critical geopolitical conjuncture marked by globalization and neoliberal resurgence, History of Development Thought revisits the major strands in the development debate from the 1950s to the early twenty-first century. The volume places classic international interventions in critical development thinking alongside major contributions to the discourse from the Indian context.
Beginning by juxtaposing W. A. Lewis’s classic liberal theory of the dual economy with P. C. Mahalanobis’s schema for planned development in India, the volume tracks the trajectory of the development debate — from the Latin American neo-Marxist paradigm, through the ‘mode of production’ debates in India, to Indian and international feminist perspectives on development. It explores the departures of the 1980s in India and elsewhere as theorists, including Pranab Bardhan, Sukhamoy Chakravarty, Partha Chatterjee, A. O. Hirschman, Samuel Huntington, and Amartya Sen, sought to address from various perspectives the reasons for the failure of development to live up to expectations. It ends with excerpts signposting the emerging strands of the development (and post-development) debate at the turn of the twenty-first century.
Throughout, the volume remains committed to the paradigm of development as a horizon of critical thought and a field of democratic politics, while paying attention to the multiple storylines of the discourse over the last 60 years. This anthology, together with its critical introduction and rigorous prefatory remarks for each extract, will be invaluable to students and researchers in the social sciences and the humanities, especially those in development studies, history, politics and economics, as well as to activists, administrators, and professionals in health, education, and development.
Table of Contents
Foreword . Acknowledgements . Introduction Part 1: Early Thinkers 1. W.A. Lewis and the Dual Economy Model 2. P.C. Mahalanobis and Indian Planning: Excerpt from Studies Relating to Planning for National Development Part 2: Neo-Marxism and Latin America 3. Paul Baran and the Concept of Backwardness 4. Andre Gunder-Frank and the Concept of Underdevelopment: Excerpt from On Development and Underdevelopment 5. Ernesto Laclau and the Critique of Underdevelopment: Excerpt from Feudalism and Capitalism in Latin America Part 3: Mode of Production in India 6. Utsa Patnaik and the Mode of Production in Agriculture: Excerpt from Capitalist Development in Agriculture: Further Comment 7. Hamza Alavi and the Colonial Mode of Production: Excerpt from India and the Colonial Mode of Production 8. Ashok Rudra and the Excluded Middle Peasant: Excerpt from Class Relations in Indian Agriculture Part 4: Feminist Perspectives on Development 9. Ester Boserup and Women in Development: Excerpt from the Casual Worker 10. Marie Mies and the Woman as Housewife: Excerpt from Houswifization International: Women and the New International Division of Labour 11. Nirmala Banerjee and the Concept of Unorganized Labour: Excerpt from The Character of the Unorganized Sector 12. Mary E. John and the Changing Constitutive Contexts of Development: Excerpt from Gender and Development In India, 1970s-1990s Part 5: The Debate on the Indian Developmental State in the 1980s 13. Pranab Bardhan and the Autonomous State: Excerpt from the State as an Autonomous Actor 14. Sukhamoy Chakravarty and Development Planning: Excerpt from Indian Planning: Basic Features and Analytics 15. Partha Chatterjee and the National State: Excerpt from The National State Part 6: International Development Thinking in the 1980s 16. A.O. Hirschman and the End of Development Economics: Excerpt from a Simple Classification of Developmental Theories 17. Samuel Huntingdon and the Multiplication of Development Goals: Excerpt from the Goals of Development 18. Amartya Sen and the Concept of Capability: Excerpt from Capabilities and Partial Orderings Part 7: Critical Development Studies at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century 19. James Ferguson and the Anthropology of Development: Excerpt from the "Development" Industry in Lesotho 20. Immanuel Wallerstein’s World System Perspective: Excerpt from Development: Lodestar or Illusion? 21. Ben Fine and the New Development Agenda: Excerpt from the Washington Consensus: From Modernisation to Neo-Liberalism 22. Ashis Nandy and the Violence of Development: Excerpt from Development and Violence. Bibliography. About the Editor. Index
R. Srivatsan is Senior Fellow at Anveshi Research Centre for Women’s Studies, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.