4th Edition

Homeland Security
An Introduction to Principles and Practice



  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after July 26, 2021
ISBN 9780367494414
July 26, 2021 Forthcoming by CRC Press
592 Pages 483 Color Illustrations

USD $74.95

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Book Description

Homeland Security: An Introduction to Principles and Practice, Fourth Edition continues its record of providing a fully updated, no-nonsense textbook to reflect the latest policy, operational, and program changes to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) over the last several years. The blend of theory with practical application instructs students on how to understand the need to reconcile policy and operational philosophy with the practical application of technologies and implementation of practices.

The homeland security landscape of today is vastly different of that immediately following 9/11 and back when DHS was established in November of 2002. Domestic and international terrorism, gun violence, the geopolitical landscape, critical infrastructure security challenges, pandemic response—particularly with COVID-19—and disaster management have all become more complex and increasingly imperative.

The new edition is completely updated to reflect changes to both new challenges and continually changing considerations. This includes: facial recognition, intelligence gathering techniques, information sharing databases, white supremacy, domestic terrorism and lone wolf actors, border security and immigration, the use of drones and surveillance technology, cybersecurity, the status of ISIS and Al Qaeda, the increased nuclear threat, COVID-19, ICE, DACA, and immigration policy challenges—among numerous others. Consideration of, and the coordinated response, to all these is housed among a myriad of federal agencies and departments.

Homeland Security, Fourth Edition continues to serve as the comprehensive and authoritative text. The book presents the various DHS state and federal agencies and entities within the government—their role, how they operate, their structure, and how the interact with other agencies—to protect U.S. domestic interests from various dynamic threats.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

Author

Introduction

Chapter 1 The Idea and Origin of Homeland Security

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Threats to the Homeland: Twentieth-Century Military Movements

1.3 Threats to the Homeland: The Cold War Experience

1.4 Threats to the Homeland: Iran, Terror and the World Stage

1.5 Threats to the Homeland: North Korea: An Old and New Enemy in the War on Terror

1.6 Threats to the Homeland: Revolution, Riot, and Rightful Demonstration

1.6.1 Domestic Terrorism: Pre-9/11

1.6.2 International Terrorism: Pre-9/11

1.7 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 2 Terror, Threat, and Disaster Post 9/11: A New Paradigm of Homeland Security

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Genesis of DHS

2.3 DHS: 2001–2003

2.3.1 Evolution and Change in DHS

2.4 Reorganization and Evolution of DHS: 2003–2015

2.5 DHS In the Age of President Donald J. Trump: 2016-2021

2.5.1 Office of the Secretary of DHS

2.5.2 DHS Directorates

2.5.2.1 Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA): Former Directorate for National Protection and Programs

2.5.2.2 Directorate for Science and Technology

2.5.2.3 Directorate for Management

2.5.3 DHS Offices: Support and Operational Components

2.5.4 Agencies and Entities Swept into DHS

2.5.4.1 U.S. Coast Guard

2.5.4.1.1 US Coast Guard Auxiliary

2.5.4.2 U.S. Secret Service

2.5.4.3 Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

2.5.5 Advisory Panels and Committees

2.6 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 3 Homeland Security Law, Regulations, and Budgeting

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Homeland Security Law, Regulations, and Executive Orders

3.2.1 Executive Order 13228: Origin of DHS

3.2.2 Executive Order 12231: Protection of Infrastructure

3.2.3 Executive Order 13233: September 14, 2001

3.2.4 Executive Order 13493 of January 22, 2009

3.2.5 Executive Order 13567 of March 7, 2011

3.2.6 Executive Order 13846 of August 6, 2018

3.2.7 Homeland Security Act of 2002

3.2.7.1 Homeland Security Act and Posse Comitatus

3.2.8 USA Patriot Act: USA Freedom Act of 2015

3.2.9 Specialized Laws

3.2.9.1 REAL ID Program

3.2.9.2 Office of Biometric Identity Management (Formerly Office of US-VISIT)

3.2.9.3 Chemical Facilities

3.2.9.4 Invention and Technology: The SAFETY Act

3.3 Budgeting, Finance, and Funding in Homeland Security

3.3.1 Budget Year: 2003

3.3.2 Budget Year: 2004

3.3.3 Budget Year: 2005

3.3.4 Budget Year: 2006

3.3.5 Budget Year: 2007

3.3.6 Budget Year: 2008

3.3.7 Budget Years: 2009–2010

3.3.8 Budget Years: 2011–2012

3.3.9 Budget Year: 2013

3.3.10 Budget Year: 2014

3.3.11 Budget Year: 2015

3.3.12 Budget Year: 2016

3.3.13 Budget Year: 2017

3.3.14 Budget Year: 2018

3.3.15 Budget Year: 2019

3.3.16 Budget Year: 2020

3.4 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 4 Risk Management, Threats, and Hazards

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Risk Management

4.2.1 The Nature of Risk

4.2.2 Risk Assessment

4.2.3 CARVER+Shock Assessment Tool

4.3 Threats and Hazards

4.3.1 Concept of Threat and Hazard

4.3.2 Weapons of Mass Destruction

4.3.2.1 Nuclear

4.3.2.2 Radiological

4.3.2.3 Biological

4.3.2.3.1 Anthrax

4.3.2.3.2 Plague

4.3.2.3.3 Smallpox

4.3.2.4 Chemical

4.3.2.4.1 Ricin

4.3.2.4.2 Nerve Agents

4.3.2.5 Improvised Explosive Devices

4.4 Computer Security and Information Infrastructure

4.4.1 Cyber Challenges and the American Electoral Process

4.4.2 National Cyber Security Division

4.4.3 US-CERT: Computer Emergency Response Team

4.5 Private Sector and Homeland Security

4.6 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 5 Training and Exercises in Homeland Security

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Grants and Training

5.3 Center for Domestic Preparedness

5.4 Emergency Management Institute

5.5 Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program

5.6 Lessons Learned: Best Practices (LLIS.GOV)/Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL)

5.7 Community Emergency Response Teams

5.8 National Incident Management System

5.9 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 6 DHS Challenges: National versus State and Local, National Security versus Homeland Security

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Challenge of National Policy at the State and Local Levels

6.2.1 Structure at the State Level

6.2.2 Structure at the Local Level

6.2.2.1 Fusion Centers

6.2.3 Funding and Local Initiatives

6.3 Fine Line of National Defense and Homeland Security

6.3.1 Department of Defense and Homeland Security

6.3.2 Intelligence Gathering and Sharing

6.3.2.1 Office of Naval Intelligence

6.3.2.2 Air Force Intelligence

6.3.2.3 U.S. Marine Corps

6.3.2.4 U.S. Army

6.3.2.5 United States Coast Guard Intelligence

6.3.3 Specialized Military/Defense Units Dedicated to Homeland Security

6.3.3.1 National Maritime Intelligence-Integration Office (NMIO)

6.3.3.2 National Reconnaissance Office

6.3.3.3 Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams

6.4 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 7 FEMA, Response, and Recovery

7.1 Historical Foundation for FEMA

7.1.1 Federal Emergency Management Agency: Pre-9/11

7.1.2 Federal Emergency Management Agency: Post-9/11

7.2 FEMA and Preparedness

7.2.1 Role of Mitigation in the Preparedness Model

7.3 FEMA Response and Recovery

7.3.1 National Response Framework

7.4 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 8 Intelligence

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Intelligence

8.3 Terror, Threats, Disaster, and Intelligence Agencies

8.3.1 Federal Bureau of Investigation

8.3.1.1 Joint Terrorism Task Forces

8.3.1.2 National Security Branch

8.3.1.3 NSB and the WMD Directorate

8.3.2 Central Intelligence Agency

8.3.2.1 Directorate of Analysis

8.3.2.2 Directorate of Operations: Clandestine Services

8.3.2.3 Directorate of Science and Technology

8.3.2.4 Directorate of Digital Innovation

8.3.2.5 Directorate of Support

8.3.2.6 Mission Centers

8.3.3 Offices of the Director of National Intelligence

8.3.3.1 National Counterterrorism Center

8.3.3.2 National Counterintelligence and Security Center

8.3.3.3 National Intelligence Council

8.3.4 Defense Intelligence Agency

8.4 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 9 Border Security, U.S. Citizenship, and Immigration Services

9.1 Introduction

9.2 U.S. Customs and Border Protection

9.2.1 Border Protection

9.2.1.1 Secure Border Initiative: Its Creation and Demise

9.2.1.2 CBP Air and Marine

9.2.2 CBP and the Facilitation of Trade and Commerce

9.2.2.1 Cargo

9.2.2.1.1 Secure Freight Initiative

9.2.2.1.2 Container Security Initiative

9.2.2.1.3 Customs–Trade Partnership against Terrorism

9.2.2.1.4 Automated Commercial Environment

9.3 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

9.3.1 Current Challenges in Immigration.

9.3.1.1 Sanctuary Jurisdictions

9.3.1.2 The DACA Dilemma

9.3.1.3 The Visa Lottery Program

9.3.1.4 The Complexity of Chain Migration

9.3.2 Project Shield America Initiative

9.3.3 Fugitive Operations Program

9.3.4 Cornerstone Initiative

9.3.5 Cyber Crimes Center

9.3.6 US-VISIT Program/Office of Biometric Identity Management

9.4 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 10 Transportation Security

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Transportation Security Administration

10.2.1 TSA and the Privatized Airport

10.2.2 Federal Air Marshals

10.2.3 Federal Flight Deck Officers

10.2.4 Law Enforcement Officers Flying Armed

10.2.5 TSA’s Canine Explosive Detection Unit

10.2.6 Risk Management Programs

10.2.7 TSA Technology and Innovation

10.2.7.1 Trace Portals and Their Demise

10.2.7.2 Millimeter Wave/Advanced Imaging Technology

10.2.7.3 Biometrics

10.2.7.3.1 Biometric Application: The Trusted Traveler Program

10.2.7.3.2 TSA Paperless Boarding Pass

10.3 Maritime Security

10.3.1 National Strategy for Maritime Security

10.3.2 Other Maritime Plans

10.3.2.1 National Plan to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness

10.3.2.2 Maritime Transportation System Security Plan

10.3.3 DHS: Borders and Marine Division

10.3.4 Role of the Coast Guard in Maritime Security

10.3.4.1 Emergency Safety

10.3.4.2 Security and Law Enforcement

10.3.4.3 Cargo and Ports

10.3.4.3.1 Operation Homeport

10.3.4.3.1.1 Port and Harbor Facilities

10.3.4.3.1.2 Container Inspection

10.3.4.3.1.3 Vessel Inspection

10.4 Rail and Mass Transit

10.4.1 Representative Security Programs for Rail and Transit

10.4.1.1 Amtrak

10.4.1.2 CSX: The Freight Line

10.4.1.3 SEPTA: Rail Mass Transit

10.5 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 11 Homeland Security and Public Health

11.1 Introduction: Public Health and Homeland Security

11.2 Water and Public Health

11.3 Agriculture, Food and Public Health

11.3.1 Strategic Partnership Program on Agroterrorism

11.3.2 Infectious Animals

11.3.3 Infectious Diseases, Bioterrorism and Public Health

11.3.3.1 Project BioShield

11.3.3.2 Strategic National Stockpile

11.3.3.3 National Select Agent Registry Program

11.4 Pandemic Threats and Public Health

11.4.1 COVID-19: The Pandemic from China

11.4.2 Planning, Preparedness, and Response to the Pandemic

11.4.3 Response and Recovery under COVID-19

11.5 Conclusion

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Chapter 12 The Future of Homeland Security

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Growth without Reason

12.3 Curbing Expansionism in Mission

12.4 The Merits of Decentralization

12.5 The Rise of Technology

12.6 The Need for a New Way of Thinking: Jump Out of the Box

Keywords

Discussion Questions

Practical Exercises

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D

Appendix E

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Charles P. Nemeth has spent the vast majority of his professional life in the study and practice of law and justice. He is a recognized expert on professional ethics and the justice system, private-sector justice and private security systems.

Presently, Dr. Nemeth is Chair and Professor of Security, Fire and Emergency Management and Director of the Center of Private Security and Safety at John Jay College in New York City. He is a prolific writer, having published numerous texts and articles on law and justice throughout his impressive career. His text, Private Security and the Law 4th- (Elsevier, 2012) is considered the foremost treatise on the subject matter. A 5th edition has been published by Taylor/Francis, 2018. His private security expertise is further buttressed by: Private Security and Investigative Process 4th edition (CRC Press, 2019); Private Security: Principles and Practice (CRC Press, 2019l Criminal Law 2nd (CRC Press, 2012) and Law and Evidence 2nd (Jones and Bartlett, 2010). In the area of Homeland Security, he has published Introduction to Homeland Security: Practices and Principles 3rd edition (CRC Press, 2010, 2014, 2017). A 4th edition is planned for 2020. Dr. Nemeht has also authored a series of philosophical works on Thomas Aquinas including: Aquinas on Crime (St. Augustine’s Press, 2010); Aquinas in the Courtroom (Praeger/Greenwood Press, 2001); Aquinas and King: A Discourse on Civil Disobedience (Carolina Academic Press, 2011) and Cicero and Aquinas: A Comparative Study of Nature and the Natural Law (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2018). He has also served as Chief Editor to a peer reviewed journal- The Homeland Security Review since 2005 and currently serves as Chief Editor for the Law, Ethics and Jurisprudence series to be published by Anthem Press.

Dr. Nemeth has been an educator for more than 40 years. He holds memberships in the New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania Bars. Dr. Nemeth was previously a Chair at the State University of New York at Brockport and California University of PA- one of Pennsylvania's 14 State Universities. 

Dr. Nemeth is a much-sought-after legal consultant for security companies and a recognized scholar on issues involving law, professional ethics and morality and the impact of privatization on public justice models. Dr. Nemeth resides in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with his spouse, Jean Marie, together for 48 years and blessed with seven children all of whom are accomplished personally and professionally.