Honey Bees: Estimating the Environmental Impact of Chemicals is an updated account of the different strategies for assessing the ecotoxicity of xenobiotics against these social insects, which play a key role in both ecology and agriculture. In addition to the classical acute laboratory test, semi-field cage tests and full field funnel tests, new tests based mainly on behavioral responses are for the first time clearly described. Information on the direct and indirect effects on honey bees of radionuclides, heavy metals, pesticides, semi-volatile organic compounds and genetically modified plants is also presented.
The Ecological Importance of Honey Bees and their Relevance to Ecotoxicology. Volatile and Semi-volatile Organic Compounds in Beehive Atmospheres. Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products on Honey Bees: Regulatory Aspects. Acute Toxicity of Pesticides to Honey Bees. The Proboscis Extension Response: Assessing the Sublethal Effects of Pesticides on the Honey Bee. Effects of Imidacloprid on the Neural Processes of Memory in Honey Bees. Impact of Agrochemicals on Non-Apis Bees. Honey Bees as Indicators of Radionuclide Contamination: A Truly Useful Biomonitor. Cesium-134 and Cesium-137 in Fresh Honeys Collected after the Chernobyl Accident. The Role of Honey Bees in Environmental Monitoring in Croatia. Use of Honey Bees as Bioindicators of Environmental Pollution in Italy. Typology of French Acacia Honeys Based on their Concentrations in Metallic and Nonmetallic Elements. The Role of Insect-Resistant Transgenic Crops in Agriculture. Using Proteins to Assess the Potential Impacts of Genetically Modified Plants on Honey Bees. Direct and Indirect Effects of Genetically Modified Plants on the Honey Bee.