Housing problems have become increasingly complex in the Global South. An increased pressure to upgrade older stock, to provide adequate infrastructure, and bring city amenities to urban peripheries compounds the continued need for new housing of a decent standard. This comprehensive volume spans nine countries, simultaneously analyzing innovative housing policies and questioning the idea of innovation in this arena. The authors describe three persistent, global challenges to contemporary policy: the inherent difficulty in mass-producing housing of decent quality with access to the city; the challenge of community-based upgrading programmes, which often fail to benefit those who are worst off; and the political root of housing policies, which don’t always consider the diverse needs of populations at the expense of the least powerful.
This volume raises questions about what many consider the two most successful areas of housing policy in the Global South: the community-based land sharing programmes for redevelopment in South-East Asia and the finance-driven social housing programmes in Latin America. The authors examine mass housing production programmes, incremental development processes, community-based urban upgrading, the legal structure of condominiums, and land-sharing policies, while also highlighting challenges to policy learning across contexts.
This book will be of great interest to students, researchers and those involved with contemporary housing policies, particularly in the Global South. It was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Housing Policy.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Do we need innovation in housing policy? Mass production, community-based upgrading, and the politics of urban land in the Global South Paavo Monkkonen 2. The social housing burden: comparing households at the periphery and the centre of cities in Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico Nora Ruth Libertun de Duren 3. User-based design for inclusive urban transformation: learning from ‘informal’ and ‘formal’ dwelling practices in Guayaquil, Ecuador Olga Peek, Michaela Hordijk and Viviana d’Auria 4. Is innovative also effective? A critique of pro-poor shelter in South-East Asia Ashok Das 5. Resilience at the margins: informal housing recovery in Bachhau, India, after the 2001 Gujarat quake Anuradha Mukherji 6. The de-politicisation of housing policies: the case of Borei Keila land-sharing in Phnom Penh, Cambodia Giorgio Talocci and Camillo Boano 7. Management of low-income condominiums in Bogot_a and Quito: the balance between property law and self-organisation Rosa E. Donoso and Marja Elsinga 8. Housing policy in mining towns: issues of race and risk in South Africa Lochner Marais
Paavo Monkkonen is Associate Professor of Urban Planning and Public Policy at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, USA. He researches, writes, and teaches about the ways housing and urban policy shape urban development and social segregation in cities around the world.