This is the first book to explain why people misunderstand economics. From the cognitive shortcuts we use to make sense of complex information, to the metaphors we rely on and their effect on our thinking, this important book lays bare not only the psychological traits that distort our ability to understand such a vital topic, but also what this means for policy makers and civil society more widely.
Accessibly written, the book explores the mismatch between the complexities of economics and the constraints of human cognition that lie at the root of our misconceptions. The authors document and explain the gamut of cognitive strategies laypeople employ as they grapple with such complex topics as inflation, unemployment, economic crises, finance, and money in the modern economy. The book examines sources of misconceptions ranging from the intentionality fallacy, whereby economic phenomena are assumed to have been caused deliberately rather than to have come about by an interplay of many agents and causal factors, to the role of ideology in framing economic thinking.
Exposing the underlying biases and assumptions that undermine financial and economic literacy, and concluding with recommendations for how policies and ideas should be framed to enable a clearer understanding, this will be essential reading not only for students and researchers across psychology and economics, but also anyone interested in progressive public policy.
"This engagingly written book takes us above and beyond traditional judgment and decision-making studies and the heuristics and biases of behavioral economics to explore how people develop explanatory models and concepts in the domain of economics. It contains many fascinating insights into the challenges laypeople have in understanding seemingly simple but deeply complex phenomena and economic entities (e.g. money), as well as offering a bold new direction for research into a topic where greater lay understanding has enormous social policy consequences." - Frank Keil, Yale University, USA
"For decades economists have tidily cultivated their own scientific gardens and forgotten that complex socio-economic issues may be effectively tackled with better knowledge of human beings on top of sophisticated equations. A plea for a multidisciplinary approach, this book is a much-needed attempt to foster dialogue and bridge the cognitive segmentation of social sciences." -Elsa Fornero, University of Turin, Italy
"In recent years, many economists have used psychology to understand the economy better. In their enlightening new book, Leiser and Shemesh use psychology to explain why most people understand economics so poorly. Economics insights often butt against deep-rooted ways of thinking about the world. And even when the lessons of economics are intuitive, economists’ rhetoric is not. How We Misunderstand Economics and Why It Matters is a great book for anyone who wants to understand the economy – or explain it to others." - Bryan Caplan, George Mason University, USA
1. Introduction: Folk-Economic Beliefs 2. Why is Economics So Hard? 3. Cognitive Hurdles 4. Unemployment and Inflation 5. The ‘Good Begets Good’ Heuristic: The Relations Between Macro-Economic Variables 6. What is the Economy Like? How Metaphors Shape our Understanding of Economics 7. Ideologies: Lay Understanding of Capitalism 8. Money and Wealth 9. Financial and Economic Literacy 10. Public Policy Consequences