Human Biology and History: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Human Biology and History

1st Edition

Edited by Malcolm Smith

CRC Press

240 pages

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Hardback: 9780415288613
pub: 2002-07-25
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Description

The biology of people in the past is a rapidly expanding field of historical study. Our capacity to understand the biology of historical populations is experiencing remarkable developments on both theoretical and analytical fronts.

Human Biology and History weaves together the fields of biology, archaeology, and anthropology in an exchange of methods and theoretical perspectives that exemplify the interaction between human biology and history. The book presents methods developed for the analysis of biological material that can be applied to historical specimens to reveal the lifestyles and environments of individuals who lived thousands of years ago. Historical data sources are used to reveal the biology and population structure of past civilizations, while biological methods are used to interpret historical patterns and processes.

This multi-disciplinary volume presents a unique interlacing of human biology and history to illustrate how individuals and societies have evolved over time. It is an insightful reference for human biologists, historians, and students interested in the intriguing connections that can be made when scientific techniques are applied within a historical context.

Table of Contents

HUMAN BIOLOGY AND HISTORY: THE SCOPE AND SCALE OF INTERACTION, Malcolm Smith

ADAPTATION AND THE ENGLISH DEMOGRAPHIC REGIME, John Landers

Adaptation and the Organic Economy

The English Case: Population and Economy

Adaptation and Maladaptation

BRITISH POLYGYNY, Laura Betzig

The British Peerage

The Bastardy Ratio

Household Size

Household Composition

Fornication

Adultery

Kings

WARFARE AND POPULATION STRUCTURE, James H. Mielke

Materials

The Way of Finland

Impact of the War

Discussion and Summary

ISONYMY ANALYSIS: THE POTENTIAL FOR APPLICATION OF QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SURNAME DISTRIBUTIONS TO PROBLEMS IN HISTORICAL RESEARCH, Malcolm Smith

Surname Studies in History

Surname Studies in Biological Anthropology

Marital Isonymy

Random Isonymy

Case Studies

Case Study: Coastguards at Selsey

Case Study: Occupations in Fylingdales

The Application of Isonymy to Historical Questions

CALCULATING NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN THE PAST FROM HISTORICAL SOURCES, Derek J. Oddy

Sources for Calculating Nutritional Status

Dietary Analysis

Results

Long-term Trends

THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF ANTHROPOMETRIC HISTORY, Roderick Floud

The Pattern of Change in Height

Height and the 'Standard of Living' Debate

Future Challenges

PALAEOBIOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR THE STUDY OF SURVIVAL OF PAST POPULATIONS, Pia Bennike

Neanderthals and the Upper Palaeolithic Populations

Palaeopathology and Palaeodemography of Neanderthals

The Upper Palaeolithic Population

The Mesolithic and Neolithic Populations

The Mesolithic Population

The Greenland Eskimos and the Norse

The Norse

'OBSERVE: OUR NOSES WERE MADE TO CARRY SPECTACLES, SO WE HAVE SPECTACLES', Christopher J. Knüsel

The Panglossian Paradigm

Plasticity: Definitions and Historical Context

The Origins of Modern Interest in Plastic Change

Controversy and Context

Early Developments

MINES, MEALS AND MOVEMENT: A HUMAN ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE INTERFACE OF 'HISTORY AND BIOLOGY', Holger Schutkowski

Historical Biomonitoring

Residential Mobility

Dietary Behaviour

About the Editor

Smith\, Malcolm

About the Series

Society for the Study of Human Biology

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED000000
MEDICAL / General
MED002000
MEDICAL / Administration
SCI027000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Evolution
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General