Taking an integrated, systems approach to dealing exclusively with the human performance issues encountered on the flight deck of the modern airliner, this book describes the inter-relationships between the various application areas of human factors, recognising that the human contribution to the operation of an airliner does not fall into neat pigeonholes. The relationship between areas such as pilot selection, training, flight deck design and safety management is continually emphasised within the book. It also affirms the upside of human factors in aviation - the positive contribution that it can make to the industry - and avoids placing undue emphasis on when the human component fails. The book is divided into four main parts. Part one describes the underpinning science base, with chapters on human information processing, workload, situation awareness, decision making, error and individual differences. Part two of the book looks at the human in the system, containing chapters on pilot selection, simulation and training, stress, fatigue and alcohol, and environmental stressors. Part three takes a closer look at the machine (the aircraft), beginning with an examination of flight deck display design, followed by chapters on aircraft control, flight deck automation, and HCI on the flight deck. Part four completes the volume with a consideration of safety management issues, both on the flight deck and across the airline; the final chapter in this section looks at human factors for incident and accident investigation. The book is written for professionals within the aviation industry, both on the flight deck and elsewhere, for post-graduate students and for researchers working in the area.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; A systems approach to human factors in aviation; Part 1 The Science Base: Human information processing; Workload; Situation awareness; Decision making; Error; Individual differences. Part 2 The (Hu)Man: Pilot selection; Training and simulation; Stress, fatigue and alcohol; Environmental stressors. Part 3 The Machine: Display design; Aircraft control; Automation; Human-computer interaction (HCI) on the flight deck. Part 4 The Management: Flight deck safety management: crew resource management and line operations safety audits; Airline safety management; Incident and accident investigation; Concluding thoughts: human factors in aviation as a route to increased operational efficiency; References; Index.
Don Harris is Managing Director of HFI Solutions Ltd and Visiting Professor in the School of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. Prior to founding the HFI Solutions Don was Professor of Aerospace Human Factors at Cranfield University. He has been involved in the design and certification of flight deck interfaces; worked in the safety assessment of helicopter operations for North Sea oil exploration and exploitation and was an accident investigator on call to the British Army Division of Army Aviation. Don is a Fellow of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors and a Chartered Psychologist. He is also a member of the UK Human Factors National Technical Committee for Aerospace and Defence. In 2006 Don received the Royal Aeronautical Society Bronze award for work leading to advances in aerospace and in 2008 was part of the Human Factors Integration Defence Technology Centre team that received the UK Ergonomics Society President's Medal 'for significant contributions to original research, the development of methodology and the application of knowledge within the field of ergonomics'. Don is author or editor of several other Ashgate volumes, including 'Human Factors for Civil Flight Deck Design', 'Contemporary Issues in Human Factors and Aviation Safety' (with Helen Muir) and 'Modelling Command and Control' (with Neville Stanton and Chris Baber).
'Finally, a complete book that addresses the positive contributions of Human Factors knowledge and Aviation Psychology. A good description of how all of its facets come together. A must reader. Written by a researcher and teacher with extensive experience in coping with the best and worst of humans working in one of the most rewarding industries in the world. Take your time to read, learn and do not forget: enjoy!' Peter Jorna, President, European Association for Aviation Psychology 'What a gem of a book! Bravo Don Harris! This is a must read for those interested in the science and practice of human factors in aviation. An easy to read book that provides insights into the complexity of human performance on the flight deck. The topics in this book are rooted in science yet they have direct connection to flight deck - a wonderful addition to the aviation literature.' Eduardo Salas, University of Central Florida, USA 'Don Harris has a pedigree in flight deck design, certification and accident analysis. Here he condenses 25 years experience into 19 chapters, separated into four section on science base, human, machine and management. Above all else, Don makes it clear that everything is connected to everything else. The spider diagrams highlight the web of knowledge he is passing onto the reader in his own inimitable style. Nothing is left uncovered, and the reader is certainly not left wanting in this comprehensive text. Occasionally Don wanders off to present the thoughts to the dissenting scientist, showing that at the cutting edge of research Human Factors is still evolving - waiting for the next paradigm shift. This book is filled with examples of how Human Factors has in the past, and can in the future, benefit flight operations and flight deck design. Don is keen to highlight that this benefit will only be realised fully if a systemic (aka Don’s spiders), through-life, approach is taken. There is something for everyone in this book and it should suit bo