Human Placental Trophoblasts: Impact of Maternal Nutrition explores the vital roles of trophoblasts play in fetal growth and pregnancy, giving you new insight into the modulation of placental trophoblast functions by nutrients. It also reviews the role of fatty acids, folic acids, and specific vitamins in this aspect. The book highlights the critical role of nutrients on human placental development and its' in utero programming effects on the development of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and obesity in later life.
The book begins with discussions of the central process of placentation and its regulation on size and growth of the fetus. It also covers the effects of key macronutrients on placental growth, metabolism, transport, and secretory function. The text details important vitamins and few micronutrients and their roles in the feto-placental growth and development. It includes information on the influence of maternal lifestyle and environmental factors on regulation of the growth, metabolism and gene expression in the feto-placental unit. A review of the genes linked to the process of placentation rounds out the coverage.
An examination of a broad range of evidence in the areas of placental growth, function, and its impact on feto-placental outcome, the book presents new knowledge on nutrition and its relevance with early human development. This includes not only the effects of maternal nutrients on possible neonatal growth and development but also their regulation by maternal lifestyle associated factors. A fine blending of epidemiology, clinical nutrition, perinatal and neonatal medicine, and biochemistry and molecular biology areas of research activities, the book helps you to understand the impact of maternal nutrition on placentation and its relevance with pregnancy outcome and fetal programming of adult health and disease.
Table of Contents
EARLY PLACENTATION: REGULATION OF TROPHOBLAST GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Human Placenta Development, Structure, and Organization in Relation to Function and Fetal Development
T. Henriksen, A.M. Holme, H. Horne, M.B. Holm, and T.M. Michelsen
Molecular Regulation of Human Extravillous Trophoblast Development
JÜrgen Pollheimer and Martin Knöfler
Epigenetics and the Placenta: Impact of Maternal Nutrition
Leslie Myatt and Kohzoh Mitsuya
Maternal Diet, Trophoblast Biology, and Epigenetic Regulation
MATERNAL NUTRITION AND FETAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Prepregancy Nutrition and Pregnancy Outcome
Placental Amino Acid Transport in Response to Maternal Nutrition during Pregnancy
Allison L.B. Shapiro and Theresa L. Powell
Fatty Acid Uptake and Metabolism in the Human Placenta
Asim K. Duttaroy
The Roles of Fatty Acids in Fetal Development
Emilio Herrera and Henar Ortega-Senovilla
Role of Maternal Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Placental Development and Function
Alka Rani, Akshaya Meher, Nisha Wadhwani, and Sadhana Joshi
Importance of Cholesterol and Cholesterol Transporters in the Placental Trophoblast during Pregnancy
Arjun Jain and Christiane Albrecht
Maternal Fatty Acids and Their Effects on Placentation
Sanjay Basak and Asim K. Duttaroy
VITAMINS AND MINERALS: EFFECT ON PLACENTATION
Maternal Micronutrients, Placental Growth, and Fetal Outcome
Irene Cetin, Chiara Mandò, and Manuela Cardellicchio
Folic Acid Uptake and Its Regulation in the Placenta
E. Keating, J.R. Araújo, and F. Martel
Vitamin D Effects on Pregnancy and Trophoblast Function: Limited Data yet Endless Possibilities
Bryanne Colvin, Mark S. Longtine, and D. Michael Nelson
Choline and Placental Trophoblast Development
Sze Ting (Cecilia) Kwan, Julia H. King, and Marie A. Caudill
Role of Calcium in Fetal Development
Evemie Dubé and Julie Lafond
REGULATION OF TROPHOBLAST ANGIOGENESIS AND INVASION
Maternal Obesity and Placental Vascular Function
Louiza Belkacemi, Michael G. Ross, and Mina Desai
Placental Dysfunction and Future Maternal Cardiovascular Disease
Anne Cathrine Staff and Christopher W.G. Redman
Trophoblast-Uterine Natural Killer Cell Interactions and Their Effect on Cytokines and Angiogenic Growth Factors
Gendie E. Lash and Judith N. Bulmer
Hyperglycemia on Trophoblast Invasion and Angiogenesis
Sanjay Basak and Asim K. Duttaroy
Role of Cytokines in Healthy and Pathological Pregnancies
Abhilash D. Pandya, Mrinal K. Das, and Johannes Rolin
ENVIRONMENTAL AND LIFESTYLE FACTORS IN PREGNANCY
The Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in the Human Placental Trophoblast: The Impact of Nutraceuticals and Naturals Products
Petr Pavek and Tomas Smutny
Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Placentation
Nur Duale, Kristine Bjerve Gutzkow, Tim Hofer, and Birgitte Lindeman
EPIGENETICS, MICRORNA, AND PLACENTAL GENE EXPRESSION
Differential Gene Expression of the Placenta in Normal and Pathological Human Pregnancy
Vasilis Sitras and Ganesh Acharya
Placental Gene Expression in Pathological Pregnancies
Regulation of microRNA Expression and Function of First-Trimester and Term Placentas in Humans
Dr. Asim K. Duttaroy was educated in India and USA. Currently he is the Professor and group leader, Chronic disease, Dept. of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine at the University of Oslo, Norway. After his fellowship at the Thrombosis Research Centre, Temple University Medical School, he joined as an Assistant Professor of Medicine and Biochemistry at the Wright State University, and Senior Health Scientist at the VA Medical Centre, Dayton, Ohio. He then moved to the Rowett Research Institute of Aberdeen University, Scotland, UK as the Professor and the Principal Scientist. In 2001, he was appointed as Professor and Group leader at the University of Oslo, Norway. His research program focuses on the roles of dietary components on growth, development, as well as in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. He is investigating the mechanisms responsible for cellular growth, function and metabolism of dietary lipids in feto-placental unit. He holds several international patents. His discovery Fruitflow™ is scientifically-proven to inhibit platelet aggregation, a known cause of heart attack, stroke and venous thrombosis. It became the first product in Europe to obtain an approved positive health claim under the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) regulations.
Prof. Duttaroy is a member of several International societies and editorial board of several international journals. Recently he was appointed as the Editor-In-Chief of Food & Nutrition Research journal.
His scientific work has been published in over 175 original contributions, reviews , book, book chapters, and editorials. He has supervised 25 PhD/MD students so far. He has personal website http://www.asimduttaroy.com where his activities are regularly updated.
Dr. Sanjay Basak is a Researcher. At present he is working as a Scientist at the Division of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), India. After receiving his PhD in Biochemistry, he joined as a Research Officer to this institute. Recently he completed his research training fellowship in Nutrition, Physiology and Molecular Biology from the Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway.
His research is actively involved in molecular aspects of nutrition, trophoblast growth, development and placentation. He secured a competitive overseas research fellowship grant (BOYSCAST) from Govt. of India. He was a recipient of Henrik Homans Memorial Scholarship, Norway. Currently, he is associated as an Editorial Member of the peer-reviewed international journal “Food and Nutrition Research”, Co-action Publisher, Sweden.
Till date, he has published 16 research articles, 2 review papers and one book chapter. Most of his work is available at https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Sxz3LsMAAAAJ&hl=en