Human Response to Vibration: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Human Response to Vibration

1st Edition

By Neil J. Mansfield

CRC Press

244 pages | 95 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780415282390
pub: 2004-10-28
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Description

Through continued collaboration and the sharing of ideas, data, and results, the international community of researchers and practitioners has developed an understanding of many facets of the human response to vibration. At a time when the EU is preparing to adopt a directive on health risks arising from occupational exposure to vibration, Human Response to Vibration offers authoritative guidance on this complex subject.

Individual chapters in the book examine issues relating to whole-body vibration, hand-arm vibration, and motion sickness. Vibration measurements and standards are also addressed. This book meets the needs of those requiring knowledge of human response to vibration in order to make practical improvements to the physical working environment. Written with the consultant, practitioner, researcher, and student in mind, the text is designed to be an educational tool, a reference, and a stimulus for new ideas for the next generation of specialists.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO VIBRATION

Human Response to Vibration in Context

Introduction to Wave Theory

Classification of Vibration

Vibration Axes

WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION

Introduction

Whole-body Vibration Perception

Whole-body Vibration Comfort and Discomfort

Health Effects of Whole-body Vibration

Seating Dynamics

Biomechanical Responses to Whole-body Vibration

MOTION SICKNESS

Introduction

Signs and Symptoms of Motion Sickness

The Cause of Motion Sickness

Travel Sickness

Simulator Sickness

Relative Sensitivity to Simulated Motion of Different Frequencies

Habituation to Motion Sickness

Prevention of Motion Sickness

HAND-TRANSMITTED VIBRATION

Introduction

Hand-transmitted Vibration Perception

Health Effects of Hand-transmitted Vibration

Classification and Diagnosis of Hand-arm Vibration Syndrome

Reducing Risks from Hand-transmitted Vibration

VIBRATION MEASUREMENT

Introduction

Measurement Flow

Human Vibration Meters

Data Acquisition Systems

Accelerometers

Signal Conditioning

Calibration of Human Vibration Measurement Systems

Signal Processing

Successful Vibration Measurement

Case Study 1

Case Study 2

WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION STANDARDS

Introduction

Standardisation Bodies

Legal Position of Standards

Standards for Whole-body Vibration Measurement and Assessment

Standards for Determining Vibration Exposures in Specific Vehicles

Standards for Determination of Whole-body Vibration Emission Values for Mobile Machinery

Standards for Testing Vehicle Seats in the Laboratory

HAND-TRANSMITTED VIBRATION STANDARDS

Introduction

Standards for Hand-transmitted Vibration Measurement and Assessment

Standards for Determining the Vibration Emission Value of Tools and Hand-guided Machines

Standards for Testing the Dynamic Performance of Anti-vibration Gloves

EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES

Introduction

Development of European Directives

Legal Position of European Directives

The 'Machinery Safety Directive': Directive 98/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Approximation of the Laws of the Member States Relating to Machinery

The 'Physical Agents (Vibration) Directive': Directive 2002/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Minimum Health and Safety Requirements Regarding the Exposure of Workers to the Risks Arising form Physical Agents (Vibration)

The 'Physical Agents (Noise) Directive': Directive 2003/10/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Minimum Health and Safety Requirements Regarding the Exposure of Workers to the Risks Arising form Physical Agents (Noise)

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety