Human Rights in Islamic Societies Muslims and the Western Conception of Rights
This book compares Islamic and Western ideas of human rights in order to ascertain which human rights, if any, can be considered universal. This is a profound topic with a rich history that is highly relevant within global politics and society today.
The arguments in this book are formed by bringing William Talbott’s Which Rights Should Be Universal? (2005) and Abdulaziz Sachedina’s Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights (2014) into conversation. By bridging the gap between cultural relativists and moral universalists, this book seeks to offer a new model for the understanding of human rights. It contends that human rights abuses are outcomes of complex systems by design and/or by default. Therefore, it proposes that a rigorous systems-thinking approach will contribute to addressing the challenge of human rights.
Engaging with Islamic and Western, historical and contemporary, and relativist and universalist thought, this book is a fresh take on a perennially important issue. As such, it will be a first-rate resource for any scholars working in religious studies, Islamic studies, Middle East studies, ethics, sociology, and law and religion.
1 Introduction: Universalizing the Study of the Universal Human Rights through Systems Thinking Part I Human Rights as a Discourse 2 What We Now Know: Human Rights and Post-Enlightenment Thought 3 Islamic Reaction to Western Enlightenment Part II Human Rights in History 4 European Enlightenment, Racism, and Human Rights 5 Islam, Supremacy, Sectarianism, and Human Rights Part III Globalism, History, and Human Rights Today 6 The Case of the 2011 Wars in SWANA 7 Actual and Instrumentalized Human Rights 8 Conclusions: Human Rights, Civil Society, and the State