Human trafficking involves the violation of societal norms and often activates criminal justice responses including police, courts, juvenile justice, and child protective services. Due to the complex nature of human trafficking, some behaviours that facilitate human trafficking cannot be easily identified and assigned to conventional crime categories. As a result of this complexity, criminologists have yet to fully explore the problem of human trafficking. In recent years, however, there has been a growing interest among criminologists in human trafficking and its intersections with the criminal justice system and overlap with conventional types of crime. This edited collection of research aims to underscore these intersections in order to further improve the description, explanation, and prevention of human trafficking. Research contained in this book provides a step forward by describing police perceptions and responses to human trafficking while also providing insight into victims with reports on victim perceptions of their treatment by the police. Most notably, this volume has moved research on human trafficking beyond descriptive frequencies to sophisticated multivariate analyses. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Crime and Justice.
"This volume will certainly be of great interest to criminological scholars whose work intersects with trafficking, particularly to those with an interest in the USA. I found Chapters 2 and 8, on police perceptions of trafficking and female sex tourism, particularly convincing and stimulating. The volume as a whole demonstrates a range of methodological approaches, both qualitative and quantitative, that explore trafficking from a number of different angles and illuminate many of its aspects."Owain Johnstone, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford
CONTENTS Introduction Human trafficking: contexts and connections to conventional crime 1. Police and domestic sex trafficking of youth: what teens tell us that can aid prevention and interdiction 2. Police perceptions of human trafficking 3. Does training make a difference? An evaluation of a specialized human trafficking training module for law enforcement officers 4. Arrest as a way out: understanding the needs of women sex trafficking victims identified by law enforcement 5. Family-facilitated juvenile sex trafficking 6. Exploring the impact of alcohol and marijuana use on commercial sexual exploitation among male youth using parallel-process latent growth curve modelling 7. Gendered violence and victim blame: subject perceptions of blame and the appropriateness of services for survivors of domestic sex trafficking, sexual assault, and intimate partner violence 8. Gender stereotyping and sex trafficking: comparative review of research on male and female sex tourism