1st Edition

Human Variability in Response to Chemical Exposures Measures, Modeling, and Risk Assessment

ISBN 9780849328053
Published August 25, 1998 by CRC Press
272 Pages

USD $180.00

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Book Description

and for those interested in toxic effects of chemicals on humans, Human Variability in Response to Chemical Exposures: Measures, Modeling, and Risk Assessment recognizes and addresses the increasing awareness that individual biological differences be reflected when assessing human health risks associated with exposure to chemicals. Eight original manuscripts, commissioned by the ILSI Risk Science Institute, address the evidence for variability in human response to chemicals associated with reproductive and developmental effects, effects on the nervous system and lungs, and cancer. Their reports convey both the current state of scientific understanding of response variability and the genetic basis for such observations.

This book recognizes that understanding of variability in response is critical in accounting for interindividual variability in susceptibility and, hence, risk, if the regulatory community and others are expected to characterize human health risks associated with exposure to chemicals. Models for incorporating measures of response variability in the risk assessment process are critically reviewed and illustrated with published data.

This authoritative work indicates that, in the case of certain chemicals and in the context of certain specific toxic effects, we have considerable ability to predictively and quantitatively characterize human variability, but, in the majority of cases, our ability to do so is limited. If we improve both quantity and quality of information available on response variability and increase our understanding of target tissue dosimetry, we should be better able to account for variability in human susceptibility to the toxic effects of chemicals.

Table of Contents

1. Accounting for Variability in Responsiveness in Human Health Risk Assessment 2. Strategies for Assessing Human Variability in Susceptibility and Using Variability to Infer Human Risks 3. lnterindividual Variability in Neurotoxicity 4. Variability in Human Response to Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity 5. Risk Assessment of the Effects of Ozone Exposure on Respiratory Health: Dealing with Variability in Human Responsiveness to Controlled Exposures 6. Host-Environment Interactions That Affect Variability in Human Cancer Susceptibility 7. Genetic Susceptibility and Cancer Risk 8. Human Variability in Susceptibility and Response: Implications for Risk Assessment

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Eckerman, David A.