Human Variation : Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups book cover
6th Edition

Human Variation
Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups

ISBN 9780131927650
Published December 5, 2005 by Routledge
448 Pages

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Book Description

Basic text for the sophomore/junior level course in Human Variation or Human Diversity taught anthropology or biology departments.
This classic introduction to human variation, has been thoroughly updated to include the issues and controversies facing the contemporary study of diversity.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1       Biological Diversity and the Race Concept: An Introduction
Human Variation: Its Discovery and Classification     
Anthropometry: The Measures of Human Variation   
Racial Boundaries: Fact or Fiction?    
Race, Geography, and Origins
Confusions and Contradictions of Human Classification         
Human Biological Variability: A Perspectiive
Chapter 2       The Biological Basis for Human Variation
Principles of Inheritance
Formal Human Genetics        
Factors of Variation and Evolution     
The Gene, DNA, and the “Code of Life,”      
Chromosomes at the Molecular Level
Gene Clusters and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)      
Y-Chromosome DNA Polymorphisms
Mitochondrial DNA   
Genes and Populations: A Summary   
Chapter 3       Traits of Simple Inheritance I: Blood Groups and Proteins      
Blood Components and Inherited Traits          
The Blood Groups      
The Blood Groups: An Overview       
White Blood Cell (WBC) Antigens     
Polymorphisms of Serum Proteins      
Inborn Errors of Metabolism  
Other Polymorphisms of Anthropological Interest       
Traits of Simple Inheritance: Some Conclusions         
Chapter 4       Traits of Simple Inheritance II: Hemoglobin Variants and DNA Markers       
Hemoglobins: Normal and Abnormal
Distribution of Hemoglobin S  
Malaria and Natural Selection
Other Abnormal Hemoglobins
The Enzyme G6PD (Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase)   
Distribution of Red-Cell Variants in Sardinian Populations      
Gene Frequency Changes and African Americans     
DNA Markers of Human Variation    
Genetic Markers at the DNA Level: Some Conclusions
Chapter 5       Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: I
The Structure and Function of Skin    
Skin Color and Evolution        
Craniofacial Traits     
Eye Color and Hair Color
Human Form and Its Variability
Body Size and Form: Perspectives of Heredity
Chapter 6       Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: II
Characteristics of Growth and Development  
Nutritional Influences 
Adaptations to Cold or Hot Environments
High Altitude Environments: Stresses and Responses
Conclusions: Complex Traits and Their Adaptations
Chapter 7       Human Variability, Behavior, and Racism
Race, Nations, and Racism
Intelligence Quotient: A Measure of Mental Ability?
Behavior and Inheritance or Inheritance of Behavior
Class and Caste
Genetics, Intelligence, and the Future
Chapter 8       Distribution of Human Biodiversity

Some Factors Contributing to Gene Distribution
Races, Ethnic Groups, or Breeding Populations
Breeding Populations
Clinal Distribution of Traits
Breeding Populations versus Clines
Chapter 9       Perspectives of Health and Human Diversity: Influences of the Race

Epidemiiological Transition: The Distribution and Type of Disease
The Developing World and Epidemiological Transitions
A New World, but Old Diseases
What Is a Race?        
Genes, Races, Environments, and Diseases: Some Conclusions
Chapter 10     Changing Dimensions of the Human Species  
Population Size and Growth: Historical Perspectives
Factors of Population Change
Empowerment of Women
Fertility Differences and Population Composition
Demographic Balances
Regional Changes and World Populations
Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups: Where Are We?

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Stephen Molnar is Emeritus Professor of Anthropology at WashingtonUniversity.