With its common colonial experience, an overarching cultural unity despite apparent diversities, and issues of nation-building cutting across national frontiers, South Asia offers a critical site on which to develop a discourse on regional security that centres on the notion of human security. This book analyses the progress that has been achieved since independence in multiple intersecting areas of human security development in India, the largest nation in South Asia, as well as considering the paradigms that might be brought to bear in future consideration and pursuance of these objectives.
Providing original insights, the book analyses the idea of security based on specific human concerns cutting across state frontiers, such as socio-economic development, human rights, gender equity, environmental degradation, terrorism, democracy, and governance. It also discusses the realisation that human security and international security are inextricably inter-linked. The book gives an overview of Indian foreign policy, with particular focus on its relationship with China. It also looks at public health care in India, and issues of microfinance and gender. Democracy and violence in the country is discussed in-depth, as well as Muslim identity and community.
Human and International Security in India will be of particular interest to researchers of contemporary South Asian History, South Asian Politics, Sociology and Development Studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Looking Back on Human and International Security in India Since Independence – Crispin Bates 1. The Paradoxes of Indian Politics: a Dialogue between Political Science and History – Subho Basu and Crispin Bates 2. India’s Foreign Relations: An Overview – Jayanta Kumar Ray 3. The Transformation of India’s External Posture and Its Relationship with China – Takenori Horimoto 4. India’s Macroeconomic Performance in the Long-run – Takahiro Sato 5. Public Health and Human Security in India: Poised for Positive Change – Sunil Chacko 6. Democracy and Violence in India: an Experiment of Bihar – Kazuya Nakamizo 7. Being Muslim in India Today – Mushirul Hasan 8. Microfinance and Gender: the Magalir Thittam in Tamil Nadu– Antonysamy Sagayaraj 9. Rural Lives and Livelihoods: Perceptions of Security in a Rajasthan Village – Ann Gold 10.As Hierarchies Wane: Explaining Inter-Caste Accommodation in Rural India –James Manor 11. Epilogue: Human and International Security in an Age of New Risks and Opportunities – Akio Tanabe and Minoru Mio
Crispin Bates is a Professor of Modern and Contemporary South Asian History in the School of History, Classics and Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh.
Akio Tanabe is a Professor in South Asian Area Studies and Anthropology in the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies and Director of the Centre for the Study of Contemporary India at Kyoto University.
Minoru Mio is an Associate Professor at the National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, Japan (NME), and the Director of the Centre for Contemporary Indian Area Studies at NME.