With its common colonial experience, an overarching cultural unity despite apparent diversities, and issues of nation-building cutting across national frontiers, South Asia offers a critical site on which to develop a discourse on regional security that centres on the notion of human security. This book analyses the progress that has been achieved since independence in multiple intersecting areas of human security development in India, the largest nation in South Asia, as well as considering the paradigms that might be brought to bear in future consideration and pursuance of these objectives.
Providing original insights, the book analyses the idea of security based on specific human concerns cutting across state frontiers, such as socio-economic development, human rights, gender equity, environmental degradation, terrorism, democracy, and governance. It also discusses the realisation that human security and international security are inextricably inter-linked. The book gives an overview of Indian foreign policy, with particular focus on its relationship with China. It also looks at public health care in India, and issues of microfinance and gender. Democracy and violence in the country is discussed in-depth, as well as Muslim identity and community.
Human and International Security in India will be of particular interest to researchers of contemporary South Asian History, South Asian Politics, Sociology and Development Studies.
Introduction: Looking Back on Human and International Security in India Since Independence – Crispin Bates 1. The Paradoxes of Indian Politics: a Dialogue between Political Science and History – Subho Basu and Crispin Bates 2. India’s Foreign Relations: An Overview – Jayanta Kumar Ray 3. The Transformation of India’s External Posture and Its Relationship with China – Takenori Horimoto 4. India’s Macroeconomic Performance in the Long-run – Takahiro Sato 5. Public Health and Human Security in India: Poised for Positive Change – Sunil Chacko 6. Democracy and Violence in India: an Experiment of Bihar – Kazuya Nakamizo 7. Being Muslim in India Today – Mushirul Hasan 8. Microfinance and Gender: the Magalir Thittam in Tamil Nadu– Antonysamy Sagayaraj 9. Rural Lives and Livelihoods: Perceptions of Security in a Rajasthan Village – Ann Gold 10.As Hierarchies Wane: Explaining Inter-Caste Accommodation in Rural India –James Manor 11. Epilogue: Human and International Security in an Age of New Risks and Opportunities – Akio Tanabe and Minoru Mio
New Horizons in South Asian Studies is a multi-disciplinary series, addressing the fields of history, sociology, economics, politics, and anthropology. It offers a Japanese perspective on South Asia, through translations of outstanding works originally published in Japanese or international collaborative research under the leadership of Japanese scholars and institutions. The series encompasses academic monographs and edited volumes concerning the Indian subcontinent as a whole. It makes a significant contribution to the development of South Asian Studies.
Crispin BATES, University of Edinburgh, UK
Akio TANABE, University of Kyoto, Japan
Minoru MIO, National Museum of Ethnology, Japan
Nobuko NAGASAKI, Ryukoku University, Japan
Shinji MIZUSHIMA, University of Tokyo, Japan
Hidenori OKAHASHI, Hiroshima University, Japan
Toshie AWAYA, Tokyo University for Foreign Studies, Japan
Haruka YANAGISAWA, Chiba University, Japan
Takenori HORIMOTO, Chuo University, Japan
Kaoru SUGIHARA, University of Kyoto, Japan