Humanity and Deity
This book is an attempt at a restatement of the traditional view of the relation of God to man. In opposition to humanism which proposes a religion of pure humanity, and to the theology of crisis which, so to speak, teaches a religion of pure Deity, it maintains a view of religion and theology which holds that the notions of humanity and Deity can not be separated without making them unintelligible.
This view makes religion not merely a matter of faith and emotion but of reason as well. The development of this thesis involves looking again at the relation of dogmatic to rational theology and reinterpreting the latter. An examination of the historic proofs for the existence of God and an axiological interpretation of the entire theistic argument constitute the heart of the book.
In pursuance of this programme the book includes a study of such topics as language, myth, symbolism, logic, intuition and creed. Finally, after taking up the problems of religious knowledge, it discusses religion and science in contemporary thought, and the relation of religion to the humanities.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. Religio Perennis and Philosophia Perennis: God and Man in European Philosophy 2. The Language of Religion: The Word of Man and the Word of God 3. Religion and the Mythical Consciousness: The Myth as the Material of Religious Symbolism 4. Language and Logic in Theology: The Critique of Dogmatic Theory 5. Natural and Logical Witnesses for God: The Classical Theistic Argument and the Critique of Rational Theology 6. Natural and Logical Witnesses for God (continued): The Axiological Interpretation of the Theistic Argument 7. The Literal and the Symbolic in Religion: Symbolism as a Theological Principle 8. The Pronouncements of Religion: What Religion Really Says – The Philosophy of Creed 9. The Problem of Religious Knowledge: Intuition and Demonstration, Certitude and Evidence 10. Religion and Science: The Pronouncements of Science on Nature and on Man 11. Religion and Science in Contemporary Philosophy: The ‘New Understanding of the Limits of Science’ 12. Religion and the Humanities: Theism and Humanism 13. Religion and Mysticism: What the Mystics Tell Us about Divine Things