Hybrid Modernity: The Public Park in Late 20th Century China, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hybrid Modernity

The Public Park in Late 20th Century China, 1st Edition

By Mary G. Padua


272 pages | 120 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781472445674
pub: 2020-07-27
SAVE ~$31.00
Available for pre-order. Item will ship after 27th July 2020

FREE Standard Shipping!


This book provides a detailed historical and design analysis of the development of parks and modern landscape architecture in late 20th century China. It questions whether the fusion of international influences with the local Chinese design vocabulary in late 20th century China has created a distinctive approach to public park design that is novel.

Hybrid Modernity proposes a new theory for examining the design of public parks built in post-Mao China since the reforms and sets the various processes for China’s late 20th century socio-cultural context. Drawing on modernization theory, research on China’s modernity, local and global cultural trends, it illustrates through a range of case study analysis how hybrid modernity defines a new design genre and language for the spatial forms of parks that emerged in China’s secondary cities. Featured case studies include the Living Water Park in, Chengdu, Sichuan province and West Lake Southern Scenic Area Master Plan in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. This book argues that these forms represent a new stage in China’s history of landscape architecture. The work reveals that as a new profession, landscape architecture has greatly contributed to China’s massive urban experiment.

This book is an ideal read for students enrolled in landscape architecture, architecture, fine arts and urban planning programs that are engaged in learning the arts and international design education.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables

1 Introducing Hybrid Modernity

Post-Mao transformations: framing hybrid modernity

China’s physical setting and settlement patterns

Book scope and structure

2 Navigating Modern(s) and the Park in modern China

Modernization: social construction and nation-building

Modernity, Globalization and Identity

Hybrid modernization: expanding modernization theory and alternative modernities

Re-visiting Modernism (international) genre

Modernism in Architecture and Landscape Architecture

Modernity in China

China’s early modernity and westernization

Forced (Colonial) Modernity

The Public Park, Republican modernity (1912-1949) and nation-building

Mao’s Modernity: 1949 – 1976

Summarizing China’s modern experience

3 Pre-Modern China: Nature, Cosmology, Mythology and the Chinese Picturesque

Nature, Cosmology, Mythology and Folklore

Brief History of China’s designed landscapes

Interpreting garden-making throughout pre-modern China

Chinese Picturesque Garden Design Language

4 Looking “Inside” and “Outside” post-Mao China

A Glance back at the Arts and Culture in the Mao era

Inside Post-Mao China

Post-Mao art trends

Trends in post-Mao China’s Built Environment

Post-Mao Landscape Architecture: foundations of professional practice and education

Landscape Architecture “Outside” post-Mao China

5 Revealing late 20th century Hybrid Modernity: four purpose-built parks

Case Study One: Living Water Park, Huoshui Gongyuan, Chengdu, Sichuan

Chengdu context

Project inception

Design Realization

Hybrid Modern synthesis

Case Study Two: Zhongshan Shipyard Park, Zhongshan Shiqi Jiang Gongyuan, Zhongshan, Guangdong

Zhongshan context

Project Inception

Design realization

Hybrid Modern synthesis

Case Study Three: Jinji Lake Landscape Master Plan, Jinji Hu Jingguan Zongti Guihua Suzhou, Jiangsu

Suzhou context

Project Inception

Project realization

Hybrid Modern synthesis

Case Study Four: West Lake Southern Scenic Area Master Plan, Xihu Huanhu Nanxian Jingqu Zongti, Hangzhou, Zhejiang

West Lake, Hangzhou context

Project Inception

Project Realization

SSA Experience

Hybrid Modern synthesis

Four public parks – the schema for post-Mao China’s hybrid modernity

6 Transforming from ‘Hybrid’ to ‘Ecological’ Modernization in China’s 21st century

Four case study parks and trends in the host cities

Top-Down China + Five-Year-Plan = Green Revolution and Ecological Modernization

China’s Sponge City program and contribution to international “green” urbanism

Revolutionary Praxis, Trends and Beautiful China


About the Author

Mary G. Padua, PhD, RLA, is an internationally recognized educator, thought leader, contemporary theorist and artist. Her research focuses on socio-cultural phenomena, human-centered design and the meaning of public space. She is one of the first English language writers on post-Mao designed landscapes and the discipline of landscape architecture as contributing agents to China’s late century urban experiment. She maintains MGP Studio, a critically-minded practice rooted in craft, equity, inclusion and restorative experiences, and teaches at Clemson University’s School of Architecture.

About the Series

Ashgate Studies in Architecture

Ashgate Studies in Architecture
The discipline of Architecture is undergoing subtle transformation as design awareness permeates our visually dominated culture. Technological change, the search for sustainability and debates around the value of place and meaning of the architectural gesture are aspects which will affect the cities we inhabit. This series seeks to address such topics, both theoretically and in practice, through the publication of high quality original research, written and visual. Topics to be covered include the following: Architectural history and theory and their relationship to the development of the discipline, building conservation, heritage and creative adaptation. The formal and aesthetic values of architectural design, the diversity of its expression of identity, and its representation in other media. The impact of technological innovation on the materialisation of architecture and the questions surrounding environmental sustainability, experimentation and visionary design The social and psychological context of architectural production, its relationship to occupants, clients and to other creative and professional disciplines, and the political situation in which it is commissioned. Proposals will be welcomed which explore or connect aspects of these themes. Subjects which deal with individual architects, with specific buildings or building types, and the critical interpretation of historical and contemporary architecture from a theoretical or philosophical perspective are particularly encouraged. Architecture's embodiment of technical, social, and aesthetic aspects will also be emphasised.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: