1st Edition

Hybrid Threats, Cyberterrorism and Cyberwarfare

    202 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    202 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Nowadays in cyberspace, there is a burst of information to which everyone has access. However, apart from the advantages the internet offers, it also hides numerous dangers for both people and nations. Cyberspace has a dark side, including terrorism, bullying, and other types of violence. Cyberwarfare is a kind of virtual war that causes the same destruction that a physical war would also do.

    A hybrid threat is an umbrella term encompassing a wide variety of existing adverse circumstances and actions, such as terrorism, migration, piracy, corruption, ethnic conflict, etc., and is not exclusively a tool of asymmetric or non-state actors, but can be applied by state and non-state actors alike. ‘Cyberconflict’ and ‘cyberwar’ serve as examples of the use of new technologies within the scope of hybrid threats. Cyberwar basically refers to a sustained computer-based cyberattack by a state against the information technology (IT) infrastructure of a target state. On the other hand, cybersecurity is a major factor that shapes productivity and efficiency of the modern industry in both technical and economic terms.

    The book discusses and analyses current posture of cyberterrorism, cyberwarfare, and hybrid threats—sector-specific cyberattacks that have the form of cyberterrorism and represents the recent actions that members of the European Union (EU), the United States, and other nations have taken in order to strengthen their systems against such attacks. There has never been a higher risk of a major catastrophe as a result of the rise in offensive cyberactivity, particularly the possibility of cyber–physical strikes against critical services. Recent cyberattacks against critical infrastructure, along with the continuous migration crisis, have been the main driving forces that led to the decision to publish this book.

    1. Cyberwarfare in the Modern World Spyridon Sampanis, Melina – Eleftheria Spiliopoulou, Ioanna Kantzavelou and Leandros Maglaras. 2. The Geopolitics of 5G and EU Digital Sovereignty Andrew N. Liaropoulos. 3. From Rules to Retribution: The Problem of Attribution and Regulation in the Age of Cyber-Warfare Nathan Downes and Leandros Maglaras. 4. Cyberterrorism: A New Wave of Terrorism or Not? Eleni Kapsokoli. 5. Machine Learning-Based TCP Congestion Control Strategies for Cyberterrorism Active Defense on Smart Grids
    Konstantinos Demertzis, Dimitrios Taketzis, Charalabos Skianis, Panayotis Kikiras, and Lazaros Iliadis. 6. Speed2 Comes True: Cyberattacks Against Ships Georgios Kavallieratos and Sokratis Katsikas. 7. Cyberwarfare in Ukraine: Incidents, Tools and Methods Komninos Theodoros and Serpanos Dimitrios. 8. Cyber-Security Vulnerability and Risk of Industrial Control Systems
    John M.A. Bothos and Vasileios Vlachos. 9. Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism: What is the Critical Difference? Pete Wilkinson and Leandros Maglaras. 


    Dr. Mohamed Amine Ferrag received the Bachelor’s, Master’s, Ph.D., and Habilitation degrees in computer science from Badji Mokhtar—Annaba University, Annaba, Algeria, in June 2008, June 2010, June 2014, and April 2019, respectively. From 2014 to 2022, he was an Associate Professor at the Department of Computer Science, Guelma University, Algeria. From 2019 to 2022, he was a Visiting Senior Researcher with the NAU-Lincoln Joint Research Center of Intelligent Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, China. Since 2022, he has been the Lead Researcher at Artificial Intelligence & Digital Science Research Center, Technology Innovation Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. His research interests include wireless network security, network coding security, applied cryptography, blockchain technology, and AI for cyber security. He has published over 120 papers in international journals and conferences in the above areas. He has been conducting several research projects with international collaborations on these topics. He was a recipient of the 2021 IEEE TEM Best Paper Award as well as the 2022 Scopus Algeria Award. He is featured in Stanford University’s list of the world’s Top 2% scientists for the years 2020, 2021, and 2022. He is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and a member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

    Dr. Ioanna Kantzavelou is an Assistant Professor at the Dept. of Informatics and Computer Engineering at the School of Engineering of the University of West Attica. She received a B.Sc. in Informatics from the Dept. of Informatics of the Technological Educational Institute of Athens, an MSc by Research in Computer Security from the Dept. of Computer Science at the University College Dublin of the National University of Ireland, and a Ph.D. on Intrusion Detection in Information Technology Security from the Dept. of Information and Communication Systems Engineering of the University of the Aegean. She has worked in R&D projects funded by the Greek government, the Irish government, and the EU. Her published work includes chapters in books (IOS Press), conferences and journals, recording remarkable citations in her research work. She has joint editorship of three IOS Press collections. She has been a repetitive reviewer in many international conferences, such as ACM SEC, IEEE TrustCom, IFIP SEC, ESORICS, IEEE CIS, and she is currently a reviewer for high-ranking journals, of IEEE, Elsevier, Springer, and Emerald. She is a member of the Greek Computer Society (GCS), of the ACM and of the IEEE Computer Society.

    Prof. Leandros A. Maglaras is a professor of cybersecurity in the School of Computing at Edinburgh Napier University. From September 2017 to November 2019, he was the Director of the National Cyber Security Authority of Greece. He obtained a B.Sc. (M.Sc. equivalent) in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece in 1998, M.Sc. in Industrial Production and Management from the University of Thessaly in 2004, and M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical & Computer Engineering from the University of Thessaly, in 2008 and 2014 respectively. In 2018 he was awarded a Ph.D. in Intrusion Detection in SCADA systems from the University of Huddersfield He is featured in Stanford University's list of the world’s Top 2% scientists. He is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and is an author of more than 200 papers in scientific magazines and conferences.

    Prof. Helge Janicke is the Research Director of the Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre, Australia. He is affiliated with Edith Cowan University and holds a visiting Professorship in Cyber Security at De Montfort University, UK. Prof. Janicke’s research interests are in the area of cyber security, in particular with applications in critical infrastructures using cyber-physical systems, SCADA and Industrial Control Systems. Prof. Janicke’s current research investigates the application of Agile Techniques to Cyber Incident Response in Critical Infrastructure, Managing Human Errors that lead to Cyber Incidents, and research on Cyber warfare & Cyber peacekeeping. Prof. Janicke established DMU’s Cyber Technology Institute and its Airbus Centre of Excellence in SCADA Cyber Security and Forensics Research. He has been the Head of School of Computer Science at De Montfort University UK, before taking up his current position as Research Director for the Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre. Prof. Janicke founded the International Symposium on Industrial Control System Cyber Security Research (ICS-CSR) and contributed over 150 peer reviewed articles and conference papers to the field that resulted from his collaborative research with industry partners such as Airbus, BT, Deloitte, Rolls-Royce, QinetiQ, and General-Dynamics.