Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling

2nd Edition

By Neven Kresic

CRC Press

828 pages | 477 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-10-26
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Description

Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature.

With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems.

Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.

Reviews

"The book couples the basics of hydrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods and provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. It is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling."

– In Environmental Geology, October 2007, Vol. 52, No. 7

"This is an excellent and comprehensive text . . . While extensive use of examples is a very useful feature of this book, the case studies in these sections are particularly valuable because that is the source of much consultancy work. Clearly, this reader found the book extremely interesting and consider it is well worth a placement on the bookshelf of the practicing hydrogeologist and groundwater specialist."

– Diane Wiesner, Principal Scientist, AWA, June 2007

Table of Contents

PART ONE: BASIC CONCEPTS IN HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING

INTRODUCTION

GROUNDWATER

Hydrologic Cycle and Groundwater

Porosity and Effective Porosity

Principles of Groundwater Flow

Flow in Unsaturated Zone

AQUIFERS AND AQUITARDS

Definition, Recharge and Discharge Areas

Aquifer Transmissivity and Storage

Types of Aquifers

Aquifer Parameters and Methods of Determination

Analysis of Aquifer Pumping Test Results

Aquifer Recharge and Sustainability

Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) and Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR)

Springs and Spring Development

Underground Dams

Competent and Leaky Aquitards

Surface Water - Groundwater Interactions

GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

Vertical Wells

Collector Wells and Horizontal Wells

Infiltration Galleries and Drains

Source Water Protection Zones

GROUNDWATER CHEMISTRY

Solubility, Water Chemistry Units, Reactions

Natural Groundwater Constituents and Their Relation to Geologic Media

GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION

Regulatory Overview

Sources of Contamination and Groundwater Contaminants

Drinking Water Standards

Emerging Contaminants

FATE AND TRANSPORT OF CONTAMINANTS

Free Phase and Residual Phase Contamination

Dissolved Phase Contamination

Dispersion, Diffusion, Sorption, Degradation

GROUNDWATER MODELING

Types of Groundwater Models

Numeric Model Setup

Model Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis

Model Error

Model Results and Prediction

Model Verification

Model Documentation

Standards for Groundwater Modeling

PART TWO: SOLVED PROBLEMS IN HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING

POROSITY AND RELATED PARAMETERS

Porosity, Effective Porosity, Saturation

LABORATORY METHODS FOR DETERMINING HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY

Constant Head Permeameter

Falling Head Permeameter

Grain Size Analysis

ONE-DIMENSIONAL STEADY STATE FLOW

Confined Homogeneous Aquifer

Confined Heterogeneous Aquifer

Confined One-Dimensional Steady State Flow, Aquifer with Forks

Confined One-Dimensional Flow, Aquifer with Varying Thickness

Unconfined Homogeneous Aquifer with and without Infiltration, Drainage Gallery

ONE-DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT FLOW

Sudden Change at the Boundary, Aquifer Parameters

Gradual Linear Change at the Boundary, Infiltration Rate

TWO-DIMENSIONAL STEADY-STATE FLOW (FLOW NETS)

Construction and Characteristics of Flow Nets, Groundwater Flow Rate

Groundwater Contour Maps, Influence of Surface Streams

Kriging

Flow Nets in Heterogeneous Aquifers, Refraction of Streamlines, Groundwater Velocity

STEADY STATE FLOW TO WATER WELLS

Confined Aquifer

Unconfined Aquifer

Unconfined Aquifer with Infiltration

Confined-Unconfined Aquifer Transition

Wells near Boundaries

TRANSIENT FLOW TO WATER WELLS

Confined, Non-Leaky Aquifer

Applications of the Theis Equation

Method of Recovery

Leaky Confined Aquifer

Unconfined Aquifer with Delayed Gravity Response

Slug Test, Bouwer and Rice Method

EXTRACTION WELL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS

Gravel Pack Size

Three-Step Pumping Test, Well Specific Capacity, Loss, Efficiency

Radius of Well Influence

SPRING FLOW AND STREAM BASE FLOW

Recession (Baseflow) Analysis

Hydrochemical Separation of Spring Hydrograph

GROUNDWATER FLOW MODELING

Three-Layer Model

ONE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL FATE AND TRANSPORT MODELS

Dissolved Contaminant Concentrations in Time and Space

CONTAMINANT FATE AND TRANSPORT PARAMETERS

Use of Dispersion

Use of Sorption (Retardation) and Sequential Degradation

CONTAMINANT FATE AND TRANSPORT MODELING

Plume Migration and Containment

References

Appendix A: Unit Conversion Tables

Appendix B: Basic Mathematical Expressions

Appendix C: Porosity Values

Appendix D: Tables of Well and Other Functions

Index

About the Originator

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply