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Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis





ISBN 9780367028015
Published November 21, 2018 by CRC Press
448 Pages - 208 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Hydrology and water resources analysis can be looked at together, but this is the only book which presents the relevant material and which bridges the gap between scientific processes and applications in one text. New methods and programs for solving hydrological problems are outlined in a concise and readily accessible form.

Hydrology and Water Resource Systems Analysis includes a number of illustrations and tables, with fully solved example problems integrated within the text. It describes a systematic treatment of various surface water estimation techniques; and provides detailed treatment of theory and applications of groundwater flow for both steady-state and unsteady-state conditions; time series analysis and hydrological simulation; floodplain management; reservoir and stream flow routing; sedimentation and erosion hydraulics; urban hydrology; the hydrological design of basic hydraulic structures; storage spillways and energy dissipation for flood control, optimization techniques for water management projects; and methods for uncertainty analysis.

It is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and for practitioners. Hydrologists and water-related professionals will be helped with an unfamiliar term or a new subject area, or be given a formula, the procedure for solving a problem, or guidance on the computer packages which are available, or shown how to obtain values from a table of data. For them it is a compendium of hydrological practice rather than science, but sufficient scientific background is provided to enable them to understand the hydrological processes in a given problem, and to appreciate the limitations of the methods presented for solving it.

Table of Contents

Introduction
General
Science of Hydrology
Historical Evolution of Hydrology
Classification of Hydrology
Hydrological Cycle
Hydrological Variables and Their Units of Measurement
River Basin
Scale in Hydrology
Worldwide Distribution of Water
Hydrological Balance
References

Precipitation and Hydrological Losses
General
Formation of Atmospheric Precipitation
Precipitation Types
Cooling Mechanisms and Types of Precipitation
Measurement of Precipitation
Installation of Network of Point Measurement Devices
Test of Data Homogeneity and Analysis of Double Cumulative Curves
Completion of Rainfall Measurements: Adaptation to Different Altitudes
Surface Integration of Areal Rainfall from Point Measurements
Hydrological Losses
Evaporation
Evapotranspiration
Infiltration Rate Estimation
References

Runoff
General
River Basin
Hydrographs
Hydrometry
Discharge Estimation Using Hydrometric Data
Rainfall–Runoff Relationships: Empirical Methods
Rainfall–Runoff Relationships: The UH
References

Probability and Statistics in Hydrology
General Concepts and Definitions
Random Variable
Distributions
Some Important Discrete Distributions
Some Important Continuous Distributions
Statistical Analysis of Extremes
Testing of the Distributions
Intensity–Duration–Frequency Curves
References

Groundwater Hydrology
General
Soil and Aquifer Parameters
Classification of Aquifers
Field Measurements
Mathematical Problem of Groundwater
General Expression of Groundwater Flow
Analytical Solutions of Steady Flow
Theory of Images
Analytical Solutions of Non-Uniform Flow
Well Losses
Aquifer Recharge
Salination
References

Hydrologic Design
Introduction
Sizing of Reservoirs
Conventional Method of Sizing the Active Reservoir Volume
Sizing of a Reservoir in a River Site without Measurements
Sizing of the Dead Reservoir Volume
Sizing of the Reservoir’s Flood Volume
Hydrologic Design of Flood Safety (Protection) Structures
Hydrologic Design of a River Diversion
Hydrologic Design of Other Water Structure-Specific Issues
References

Urban Hydrology: Stormwater Management
Introduction
Urban Runoff Quantity Computations
Urban Runoff Quality Computations
Surface Runoff Quantity and Quality Management

Sediment Transport and Erosion
Introduction
Properties of Sediment
Flow Resistance
Incipient Motion
Sediment Transport Formulas
Land Erosion and Watershed Sediment Yield
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Maria A. Mimikou is a professor of Hydrology and Water Recourses in the School of Civil Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens and director of the Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Greece. She established the Center of Hydrology and Informatics (www.chi.civil.ntua.gr/) and the Hydrological Observatory of Athens (http://hoa.ntua.gr/). She has vast experience in water resources systems, modelling and management; urban, rural, coastal and stochastic hydrology; soil erosion and sediment transport; forecasting and risk assessment of extremes; hydrological studies and field works. She has authored several books and peer-reviewed papers. She is coordinator of many EU competitive and national research projects.

Dr. Evangelos A. Baltas is a professor in the School of Civil Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece. He actively participated in the establishment of the Center of Hydrology and Informatics (CHI) in Athens, which comprises the NTUA meteorological network, the database of the hydrological information and the experimental basin. He has also offered engineering consultation services in the fields of his expertise to the EU, Greek ministries, public organizations and private companies in the United States and Europe. He has been the principal investigator or researcher in competitive EU and national funded programs related to integrated water resources management.

Dr. Vassilios A. Tsihrintzis is a professor of ecological engineering and technology at the

School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece. He regularly teaches engineering hydrology, urban water management, fluid mechanics, groundwater, environmental engineering and natural wastewater treatment systems. He has

also served as a professor and head of the Department of Environmental Engineering,

Democritus University of Thrace, Greece, for several years, and was also an associate professor of water resources engineering at Florida International University, Miami. Dr. Tsihrintzis has experience as a practicing civil and environmental engineer both in the United States and Greece.

Reviews

"This book provides a balanced approach to surface, subsurface and contaminant hydrology… [and] a good tool that will help prepare students of hydrology in analyzing, studying and solving issues in the real world. The text is user friendly, and consists of basic figures with numerous reference examples which students will appreciate. It is also a good reference companion for professional engineers and environmental scientists."
—Izzat Hamawi, California State University, Los Angeles, USA

"… covers important aspects of groundwater hydrology and hydrologic modeling. A good book for an undergraduate curriculum."
—Malay Ghose-Hajra, The University of New Orleans