What is ISIS? A quasi-state? A terrorist group? A movement? An ideology? As ISIS has transformed and mutated, gained and lost territory, horrified the world and been its punch line, media have been central to understanding it. The changing, yet constant, relationship between ISIS and the media, as well as its adversaries’ dependency on media to make sense of ISIS, is central to this book.
More than just the images of mutilated bodies that garnered ISIS its initial infamy, the book considers an ISIS media world that includes infographics, administrative reports, and various depictions of a post-racial utopia in which justice is swift and candy is bought and sold with its own currency. The book reveals that the efforts of ISIS and its adversaries to communicate and make sense of this world share modes of visual, aesthetic, and journalistic practice and expression. The short tumultuous history of ISIS does not allow for a single approach to understanding its relation to media. Thus, the book’s contributions are to be read as contrapuntal analyses that productively connect and disconnect, providing a much-needed complex account of the ISIS-media relationship.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Studies in Media Communication.
Introduction – ISIS beyond the spectacle: communication media, networked publics, terrorism Mehdi Semati and Piotr M. Szpunar
1. The communication of horrorism: a typology of ISIS online death videos Lilie Chouliaraki and Angelos Kissas
2. One apostate run over, hundreds repented: excess, unthinkability, and infographics from the war with I.S.I.S. Rebecca A. Adelman
3. Apocalypse, later: a longitudinal study of the Islamic State brand Charlie Winter
4. Fun against fear in the Caliphate: Islamic State’s spectacle and counter-spectacle Marwan M. Kraidy
5. The viral mediation of terror: ISIS, image, implosion Ryan E. Artrip and François Debrix
6. Cold War redux and the news: Islamic State and the US through each other’s eyes Barbie Zelizer
7. Deflating the iconoclash: shifting the focus from Islamic State’s iconoclasm to its realpolitik Ben O’Loughlin
8. Arguing with ISIS: web 2.0, open source journalism, and narrative disruption Matt Sienkiewicz