1st Edition

Identity and Foreign Policy Baltic-Russian Relations and European Integration

Edited By Eiki Berg, Piret Ehin Copyright 2009

    Baltic-Russian relations have been complicated and tense since the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian independence. Although Baltic accession to the European Union (EU) has created a new international context for interstate relations in the region, enlargement did not bring about the much hoped for improvement in Baltic-Russian relations. This case-study-rich volume examines links between identity, memory politics and foreign policy. It analyzes and explains developments in Baltic-Russian relations after both NATO and EU enlargement, focusing on the incompatibility of Baltic and Russian post-Soviet national identity constructions and the manifestations of this underlying antagonism in bilateral relations and on the broader European and international arena. Built on the constructivist perspective in international relations, this volume provides a coherent and illuminating account of the dynamics of Baltic-Russian relations after NATO and EU enlargement. Combining policy-relevant analysis with theoretical insights, it will meet the needs of academics and students of foreign policy, EU external relations and international relations more generally.

    Chapter 1 Incompatible Identities? Baltic-Russian Relations and the EU as an Arena for Identity Conflict, Piret Ehin, Eiki Berg; Chapter 2 Imperial Legacy and the Russian-Baltic Relations, Elena Fofanova, Viatcheslav Morozov; Chapter 3 Commemorating 9 May, Eva-Clarita Onken; Chapter 4 Identity Politics and Contested Histories in Divided Societies, Karsten Brüggemann, Andres Kasekamp; Chapter 5 Liminality and Contested Europeanness, Maria Mälksoo; Chapter 6 The “Return of History” or Technocratic Administration? The Effects of Depoliticization in Estonian-Russian Relations, Alexander Astrov; Chapter 7 Entrapment in the Discourse of Danger? Latvian-Russian Interaction in the Context of European Integration, Andris Spruds; Chapter 8 Neighbourhood Politics of Baltic States, Dovil? Jakni?nait?; Chapter 9 In and Out of Europe, Sergei Prozorov; Chapter 10 Contextualizing and Qualifying Identities, Hiski Haukkala;


    Professor Eiki Berg, Professor of International Relations, Institute of Government and Politics, University of Tartu, Estonia and Piret Ehin, Senior Researcher, Institute of Government and Politics, University of Tartu, Estonia.

    ’Cultivates the study of symbols and memory politics, the home-ground of constructivism. Provides inspiring insights into the "ghosts of the past", still haunting Baltic-Russian relations. This coherent volume includes several valuable articles on conflicting memory policies in the context of European integration.' Hans Mouritzen, Danish Institute for International Studies, Denmark 'The post-Soviet generation of Russian and Baltic scholars have succeeded where politicians have failed. Drawing on recent scholarship on the importance of identity and memory to politics, they give us an incisive account of how different commemorations of previous encounters clash and sour present-day foreign relations. An important stock-taking of a volatile European border area. ' Iver B. Neumann, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Norway 'The editors have shown remarkable courage, venturing across a political minefield: politics of memory and identity construction in Baltic-Russian relations. The chapters treat the contested issues, from 9 May commemorations in Russia to war memorials in Estonia, with historical acumen and political impartiality, making for a well-balanced, intellectually rewarding and extremely timely book.' Sergei Medvedev, Higher School of Economics, Russia 'In a nutshell, the book's incisive analysis and constructivist values are an important contribution to the varied literature on Baltic-Russian relations that will be useful to scholars already working in this sector.' Europe-Asia Studies '... the book provides a fundamental manual of current Baltic-Russian relations. Data and events are up-to-date and describe in great detail the issues that Baltic states complain about in Russian foreign policy. The mix of geopolitics, energy security, EU enlargement, and historical and sociological issues provides an interesting and comprehensive framework for interpreting ongoing regional developments.' The International Spectator 'Overall, the book prov