This book seeks to explore the potentialities of strengthening a new field of research within migration and diversity studies, that of immigrant incorporation in political parties. The point of departure of all the contributions to this volume is that there is what we call a ‘diversity gap’ between political parties as public representative organisations and diversity dynamics in democratic societies. Exploring the current strategies of political parties developing first conceptual frameworks, theoretical foundations and empirical hypothesis and approaches, this book examines case studies from four European countries: Germany, Ireland, Portugal and Spain. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
Introduction: Background, framework and focus of the special issue Ricard Zapata-Barrero, Iris Dähnke and Lea Markard
1. How do political parties deal with the "diversity gap"? Democratic deficits and party strategies Ricard Zapata-Barrero
2. Immigrants’ political claims in Portugal: confronting the political opportunity structure with perceptions and discourses Catarina Reis Oliveira and Isabel Estrada Carvalhais
3. Contested discourses on diversity and practices of diversity incorporation in political parties in Germany Lea Markard and Iris Dähnke
4. From participation to confinement: challenges for immigrants’ incorporation in political parties in Spain Flora Burchianti and Ricard Zapata-Barrero
5. Exploring the reasons for migrant under-representation in Irish electoral politics: the role of Irish political parties Peter Szlovak