Although often mentioned in textbooks about the Carolingian and Byzantine empires, the Treaty of Aachen has not received much close attention. This volume attempts not just to fill the gap, but to view the episode through both micro- and macro-lenses. Introductory chapters review the state of relations between Byzantium and the Frankish realm in the eighth and early ninth centuries, crises facing Byzantine emperors much closer to home, and the relevance of the Bulgarian problem to affairs on the Adriatic. Dalmatia’s coastal towns and the populations of the interior receive extensive attention, including the region’s ecclesiastical history and cultural affiliations. So do the local politics of Dalmatia, Venice and the Carolingian marches, and their interaction with the Byzantino-Frankish confrontation. The dynamics of the Franks’ relations with the Avars are analysed and, here too, the three-way play among the two empires and ‘in-between’ parties is a theme. Archaeological indications of the Franks’ presence are collated with what the literary sources reveal about local elites’ aspirations. The economic dimension to the Byzantino-Frankish competition for Venice is fully explored, a special feature of the volume being archaeological evidence for a resurgence of trade between the Upper Adriatic and the Eastern Mediterranean from the second half of the eighth century onwards.
Table of Contents
- Introduction: Circles Overlapping in the Upper Adriatic
- The Treaty of Aachen: How Many Empires?
- Aemulatio imperii and the South-Eastern Frontier of the Carolingian World
- Imperial Politics and its Regional Consequences: Istria between Byzantium and the Franks 788–812
- A Resurgent Empire? Byzantium in the Early 800s
- Franks and Bulgars in the First Half of the Ninth Century
- Dangerous Neighbours: the Treaty of Aachen and the Defeat of Nikephoros I by the Bulgars in 811
- Aachen, Venice and Archeology
- Patriarchs as Patrons: the Attribution of the Ciboria in Santa Maria delle Grazie at Grado
- Holding the Aquileian Patriarchate’s Title: the Key Role of Local Early Ninth-Century Hagiography
- Post-Roman Dalmatia: Collapse and Regeneration of a Complex Social System
- One More Renaissance? Dalmatia and the Revival of the European Economy
- What did the Treaty of Aachen do for the Peoples of the Carpathian Basin?
- Lower Pannonia before and after the Treaty of Aachen
- Changing Political Landscapes in the Ninth-Century Central Carpathian Basin: Interpreting Recent Settlement Excavation Data
- Rome and the Heritage of Ancient Illyricum in the Ninth Century
- Dalmatian Bishops at the Council of Nicaea in 787 and the Status of the Dalmatian Church in the Eighth and Ninth Centuries
- New Evidence for the Re-establishment of the Adriatic Dioceses in the Late Eighth Century
- Amalarius’ Stay in Zadar Reconsidered
PART ONE: THE FRANKS MOVE EAST
PART TWO: BYZANTIUM IN TURMOIL
PART THREE: CIRCLES OVERLAPPING IN THE NORTHERN ADRIATIC
PART FOUR: DALMATIA: THE LAND IN BETWEEN
PART FIVE: PANNONIA BENEATH THE SURFACE
Béla Miklós Szőke
PART SIX: THE CHURCH BETWEEN ROME AND CONSTANTINOPLE
Mladen Ančić is Professor of History at the Universities of Zadar and Zagreb. He has published on the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom and Bosnia in the fourteenth century, the medieval city of Jajce, and on historiography and nationalism.
Jonathan Shepard was Lecturer in Russian History at the University of Cambridge. Co-author of The Emergence of Rus with Simon Franklin, his edited volumes include The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire.
Trpimir Vedriš is Assistant Professor of Medieval History at the University of Zagreb. His co-edited volumes include Saintly Bishops and Bishops’ Saints (with John Ott) and Cuius Patrocinio Tota Gaudet Regio (with Stanislava Kuzmová and Ana Marinković).