1st Edition

Implementation Science Theory and Application

Edited By Per Nilsen Copyright 2024
    292 Pages 19 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    292 Pages 19 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This core textbook introduces the key concepts, theories, models and frameworks used in implementation science, and supports readers applying them in research projects.

    The first part of the book focuses on the theory of implementation science, providing a discussion of its emergence from the evidence-based practice movement and its connections to related topics such as innovation research. It includes chapters looking at a wide range of theories, methods and frameworks currently used in implementation science, and a chapter focusing on suitable theories that could be imported from other fields. The first part also addresses strategies and outcomes of implementation and discusses how researchers can build causal pathways adapted to their study. The second part of the book focuses squarely on putting the theory of implementation science to work in practice, with chapters discussing research methods used in the field and how to select the most appropriate approach. This section also features several chapters presenting in-depth case studies of specific applications.

    This multidisciplinary text is an essential resource for graduate students from a range of healthcare backgrounds taking courses on implementation science, as well as researchers from medicine, nursing, public health, allied health, economics, political science, sociology and engineering.

    Chapter One – Origins of the evidence movement

    Ingemar Bohlin


    Chapter Two – The historical background of implementation science

    Per Nilsen


    Chapter Three – Fundamentals of implementation science

    JoAnn E. Kirchner and Mark S. Bauer


    Chapter Four – A taxonomy of theories, models and frameworks in implementation science

    Per Nilsen


    Chapter Five – Process models

    Per Nilsen and Julia Moore


    Chapter Six – Determinant frameworks

    Per Nilsen


    Chapter Seven – Implementation theories

    Kristin Thomas and Per Nilsen


    Chapter Eight – Theories and concepts from other fields of potential utility for implementation science

    Per Nilsen


    Chapter Nine – Implementation strategies and outcomes

    Per Nilsen and Hanna Augustsson


    Chapter Ten – Causal pathway diagrams to understand how implementation strategies work

    Rosemary D. Meza, Predrag Klasnja, Cara C. Lewis, Michael D. Pullmann, Kayne D. Mettert, Rene Hawkes, Lorella Palazzo and Bryan J. Weiner


    Chapter Eleven – Implementation science research methods

    Soohyun Hwang, Sarah A. Birken and Per Nilsen


    Chapter Twelve – Selecting theories, models and frameworks

    Margit Neher and Sarah A. Birken


    Chapter Thirteen – Applying the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, Sustainment (EPIS) framework

    Erika L. Crable, Ryan G. Kenneally, Theresa S. Betancourt and Gregory A. Aarons


    Chapter Fourteen – Applying the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)

    Caitlin Reardon, Shari Rogal, Rachel Rosenblum, Andrea Nevedal and Matthew Chinman


    Chapter Fifteen – Applying the integrated Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (i-PARIHS) framework

    Sarah C. Hunter, Gillian Harvey and Alison L. Kitson


    Chapter Sixteen – Applying the Tailored Implementation for Chronic Disease (TICD) checklist

    Anne Sales, Signe Flottorp and Michel Wensing


    Chapter Seventeen – Applying the Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM)

    Katy E. Trinkley, Rebecca J. Guerin, James Pittman, Amy G. Huebschmann, Russell E. Glasgow and Borsika A. Rabin


    Chapter Eighteen – Applying Capability Opportunity Motivation – Behaviour (COM-B) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF)

    Danielle D’Lima and Fabiana Lorencatto


    Chapter Nineteen – Applying Normalization Process Theory (NPT)

    Alyson Hillis


    Chapter Twenty – Applying Reach Effectiveness – Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM)

    Bethany M. Kwan, Mónica Pérez Jolles, Christina R. Studts, Jodi Summers Holtrop and Russell E. Glasgow


    Chapter Twenty-one – A critique of implementation science

    Julia Moore and Sobia Khan


    Per Nilsen is a professor of social medicine and public health at Linköping University and a professor of implementation science at Halmstad University, Sweden.

    Professor Nilsen has been providing thought leadership to the field of implementation science for many years. This new book provides a positive feast for those interested in learning more about implementation science. It tells the story of how we got to where we are and pulls together a compendium of key content ranging from theory to tools and techniques. This is definitely a book I will be recommending to students and colleagues to both dip into for information about key concepts and also to read from cover to cover.
    Professor Annette Boaz, King’s College London, UK

    Professor Nilsen has been “making sense” of complex issues in implementation science for a long time. Indeed, he has been an international field leader, teacher and ambassador for implementation science since its early days. This book is the culmination of his efforts to communicate with clarity and guide by example. Packed with practical applications, it also provides a history of the field and guidance on where it needs to go (and not go). It will immediately become a core resource for my own teaching and mentoring.
    Professor Geoffrey M. Curran, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and University of Limerick, Ireland

    The proliferation of specialist methods, models, frameworks and theories in implementation science makes for an increasingly complex and sometimes confusing field. This book identifies the core ideas and methods in implementation science, presents them in an accessible way and shows how they can be applied in practice. A book that does this is long overdue. It will be invaluable for students, early career researchers, health professionals, health system managers and policy makers.

    Professor Carl May, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK

    I first met Professor Nilsen when he stayed in Hong Kong in 2017 as a Visiting Professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. There was burgeoning interest in implementation science at that time, but its importance has grown rapidly in Asia and I believe this book is very timely in Asia now. The insightful book provides a comprehensive understanding of the unique challenges and opportunities faced in implementing evidence-based interventions in diverse settings. It is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in implementation science and its application to solving real-world problems in Asia and beyond.
    Associate Professor Vincent Chung, Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, Chinese University of Hong Kong

    This book is a gift in providing an overview and multiple applications of commonly used theories and frameworks in implementation science. Importantly, it signals the importance of drawing deeply from theories and concepts from other fields and of the discipline of theorizing in implementation science. The authors, international experts, adeptly balance the need to provide a thorough overview of implementation science while maintaining a constructively critical stance that will advance the field in the years to come.
    Associate Professor Byron J. Powell, Washington University in St. Louis