The sport coaching profession has historically been and continues to be a White male-dominated occupation and this remains a global issue. This imbalance persists despite an improvement in wider social attitudes and legislation towards equality and diversity within many societies, and despite the action by sporting organisations and national governing bodies. Within the research literature, the underrepresentation of women in sport coaching is a well-documented issue with a number of research studies highlighting the experiences and impact of being in the minority for women coaches. The issue of gender inequity in sport coaching is a long-standing one and shows little sign of changing significantly anytime soon. Therefore, a new approach is needed, one that draws on the knowledge and evidence we have to create actionable, sustainable, deep-rooting interventions that challenge the issue of gender equity at its very core. The overall purpose of Improving Gender Equity in Sports Coaching is to take an action or forward-thinking approach about what works, or could work, to improve the recruitment, development, or promotion of women sport coaches. The book brings together a global group of esteemed scholars working in this subject area. In this book, we have brought together not just the insight but also a collection of strategies and recommendations as to how this research could be or has been utilised to make our sport coaching envrionment places where all coaches feel as though they belong. As such, this ground-breaking book is a must read not just for students and researchers of gender equity in sport but also for policy and decision-makers working in sport.
Table of Contents
Introduction – Bringing About Sustainable Change to Improving Gender Equity in Sport Coaching
PART 1: Setting the Scene: How Gender Inequity Manifests Itself in Sport Coaching Contexts and Why Change Is Needed
1. The Glass Cliff, Gender, and Sport Leadership: A Narrative Review and Meta-Analysis
George B. Cunningham
2. Gender Stereotypes as Mechanisms of Social Exclusion of Women as Football Coaches
Torsten Schlesinger, Florian Ingwersen and Yvonne Weigelt-Schlesinger
PART 2: Strategies for Supporting A More Gender Inclusive Sport Coaching Workforce
3. Transformational Change: Creating a New Culture of Sport Coaching
Guylaine Demers, Cari Din and Penny Werthner
4. Barriers and Supports in the Career Trajectories of Graduate Level Female Sports Coaching Students
Stephen Harvey And Letitia Price
5. Can Sex-integrated Sport Provide a Gender Equitable Coaching Environment?
Donna De Haan and Lucy Dumbell
6. It’s on BOYS! University Coach Educators and the Production, Maintenance, and Disruption of Gender Structures
Natalie Barker-Ruchti, Laura Purdy, and Lolita Dudeniene
7. Gender Equity Policies in Sport in Practice: From Words to Action
Susanna Soler, Ingrid Hinojosa-Alcade, Pedrona Serra, and Ana Andrés
8. Organisation Level Practices to Support Women in Coaching
Laura Burton and Ajhanai Newton
Part 3: From Research to Practice: Evidence of Impactful Research That Has Contributed to More Gender Inclusive Sport Coaching Contexts
9. Shared experiences from the margins: Culturally diverse women in coaching in
Aotearoa New Zealand, the United States and the United Kingdom
10. Supporting and Developing Women in Sport Coaching: A Lifespan Career
Nicole LaVoi and Courtney J. Boucher
11. An Evaluation of a Mentoring Programme to Support High-Performance Women
Luke Norris, Nicola Clarke, And Leanne Norman
12. Reflections on Career Development From Women Who Coach Canadian Elite Track
and Field Athletes
Larena Hoeber and Laura Dahlstrom
13. "If there were more women coaches around, I think things would be different":
Women Boxing Coaches’ Struggles to Challenge and Change a Male Dominated Sport
Jorid Hovden and Anne Tjønndal
Leanne Norman is Professor and Director of the Research Centre for Social Justice in Sport & Society within the Carnegie School of Sport at Leeds Beckett University in the UK. Her research examines issues of gender equity related to sports coaching, sports leadership, and organisations. Her work is driven towards improving the participation, performance, and leadership pathways for diverse social groups, principally, different groups of women.
"This is a timely and important book for the sports coaching community. Gender equality impacts upon all coaches and therefore all athletes. This accessible book will be of interest not only to academics, graduate students and undergraduates invested in redressing the gender imbalance across sports contexts, but also to coaches, coach educators and policy makers alike."
Dr Luke Jones, University of Hull
"This text should be a key point of reference for anyone wishing to gain more subject knowledge of the intersections of gender and sports coaching. Its strengths lie in its ability to unpack the complexity of the problem – the under-representation of women in sports coaching. It moves beyond homogenised notions of ‘women’ and ‘sport’ to look at different kinds of women’s experiences in various sporting contexts. It explores the challenges posed by this under-representation, drawing from different theoretical and methodological approaches. Finally, its contributions lie in its ability to move beyond the ‘problem’ and ‘challenge’ to offer solutions for all those interested in addressing this imbalance."
Dr Annette Stride, Principle Lecturer, Leeds Beckett University