Dialogue is a recurring and significant component of Indian religious and philosophical literature. Whether it be as a narrative account of a conversation between characters within a text, as an implied response or provocation towards an interlocutor outside the text, or as a hermeneutical lens through which commentators and modern audiences can engage with an ancient text, dialogue features prominently in many of the most foundational sources from classical India. Despite its ubiquity, there are very few studies that explore this important facet of Indian texts. This book redresses this imbalance by undertaking a close textual analysis of a range of religious and philosophical literature to highlight the many uses and functions of dialogue in the sources themselves and in subsequent interpretations.
Using the themes of encounter, transformation and interpretation – all of which emerged from face-to-face discussions between the contributors of this volume – each chapter explores dialogue in its own context, thereby demonstrating the variety and pervasiveness of dialogue in different genres of the textual tradition.
This is a rich and detailed study that offers a fresh and timely perspective on many of the most well-known and influential sources from classical India. As such, it will be of great use to scholars of religious studies, Asian studies, comparative literature and literary theory.
Table of Contents
Brian Black and Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad
Part 1: Encounter
1 Sources of Indian secularism? Dialogues on Politics and Religion in Hindu and Buddhist Traditions
2 Dialogues with Solitary Buddhas
3 Refutation or Dialogue? Śaṃkara’s Treatment of the Bhāgavatas
J.G. Suthren Hirst
4 ‘We Resort to Reason’: The Argumentative Structure in Veṅkatòanātha’s Sesìvaramīmāmòsā
5 ‘Speakers of Highest Truth’: Philosophical Plurilogues About Brahman in the Early Upaniṣads
Part 2: Transformation
6 Outer and Inner Dialogues as Transformative Disciplines in the Yogavāsiṣṭha
7 Being Human, Dialogically
8 Dialoguing the Vārkari Tradition
9 Convincing the King: Jain Ministers and Religious Persuasion through Dialogue
Part 3: Interpretation
10 Careful Attention and the Voice of Another
11 Mahābhārata Dialogues on Dharma and Devotion with Kṛṣṇa and Hanumān
Bruce M. Sullivan
12 Models of Royal Piety in the Mahābhārata: The Case of Vidura, Sanatsujāta and Vidurā
James M. Hegarty
13 Dialogue in Extremis: Vālin in the Vālmīki Rāmāyana
Laurie L. Patton
Brian Black is Lecturer in Religious Studies in the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University, UK. His research interests include Indian religions, comparative philosophy, the use of dialogue in Indian religious and philosophical texts, and Hindu and Buddhist ethics. He is author of the book The Character of the Self in Ancient India: Priests, Kings, and Women in the Early Upaniṣads.
Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad is Fellow of the British Academy, and Distinguished Professor of Comparative Religion and Philosophy at Lancaster University, UK. He has published several books, including Advaita Metaphysics and Epistemology, Knowledge and Liberation in Classical Indian Thought, and Divine Self, Human Self: The Philosophy of Being in Two Gītā Commentaries. His most recent book is Human Being, Bodily Being: Phenomenology from Classical India.
‘This edited volume offers a number of case studies using theological, philosophical, and philological approaches to identify, interpret, and discuss dialogue in the literatures of ancient India. This is a timely topic, and the book includes a rich collection of approaches and traditions.’ – Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Norway