'We can reach far more people through sport than we can through political or educational programmes. In that way, sport is more powerful than politics. We have only just started to use its potential to build up this country. We must continue to do so.' – Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela's statement reflects a widely held view that sport can contribute in unique and far-reaching ways to the delivery of important social outcomes. But is this really the case? Can sport bring people from different backgrounds together, and in so doing act as a force for social transformation and change? In the language of policymakers and practitioners, can sport contribute to social inclusion or could it be argued that sport acts to marginalize and disadvantage some groups in society? In other words could sport reinforce, rather than challenge, social inequality?
Focusing on youth sport as a touchstone sector of sport in society, this book examines the theoretical and empirical bases of arguments for the role of sport in social inclusion agendas. Authors are drawn from around the world and offer critical perspectives on assumptions underpinning the bold claims made about the power of sport. This book represents the most up-to-date and authoritative source of knowledge on inclusion and exclusion in youth sport. As such, it is essential reading for those who want to use sport to 'make a difference' in young people's lives. It is, therefore, recommended for students, researchers, policy makers and practitioners working in sports development, sports coaching, sport studies or physical education.
Preface Introduction Section 1. Understanding Exclusion 1. The will for inclusion: Bothering the inclusion/exclusion discourses of sport, Doune Macdonald, Kelly Knez, Alison Nelson & Louise McCuaig (Queensland, Australia) 2. Understanding social exclusion and sport, Michael Collins (Gloucestershire, UK) 3. Sport and Social Exclusion: An Economic Perspective, Paul Downward & Simona Rasciute (Loughborough, UK) 4. Sport, Social Divisions and Social Inequality, Grant Jarvie (University of Stirling, UK) 5. "I’ve Lost My Football…": Rethinking Gender, the Hidden Curriculum, and Sport in the Global Context, Laura Azzarito (Loughborough, UK) 6. Ability as an exclusionary concept in youth sport, Peter Hay (Queensland, Australia) 7. Sexuality and Youth Sport, Ian Wellard (Canterbury, UK) 8. The embodiment of religious culture and exclusionary practices in youth sport (Birmingham, UK) 9. Sporting fat: Youth sport and the obesity ‘epidemic’, Lisette Burrows & McCormack(Otago, New Zealand) Section 2. Moving Towards Inclusion 10. Young People’s Voices in Sport, Ann MacPhail (Limerick, Ireland) 11. Lessons Learned about Gender Equity and Inclusion in Physical Education, Kimberly Oliver and Nate McCaughtry (New Mexico State & Wayne State, USA) 12. Children’s Talent Development in Sport: Effectiveness or Efficiency? Jean Côté Colleen Coackley and Mark Bruner (Queen’s University at Kingston, Canada) 13. Disability Sport and Inclusion Donna Goodwin and Danielle Peers (University of Alberta, Canada) 14. Facilitating positive experiences of physical education and school sport for Muslim girls Haifaa Jawad, Tansin Benn, & Symeon Dagkas (University of Birmingham, UK) 15. Sport and youth inclusion in the Majority world (Tess Kay, Brunel University, UK) 16. Physical Education for All: The Impact of Curriculum on Student Choice, Deborah Tannehill (Limerick, Ireland) 17. Dance and Social Inclusion: Possibilities and Challenges, Michael Gard & Doug Risner (Charles Sturt, Australia & Wayne State University USA)