India has become known in the US, the UK, Canada and Australia as ‘the world’s largest democracy’, a ‘natural ally’, the ‘democratic counterweight’ to China and a trading partner of ‘massive economic potential’. This new foreign policy orthodoxy assumes that India will join with these four states and act just as any other democracy would. A set of political and think tank elites has emerged which seek to advance the cause of a culturally superior, if ill-defined, ‘Anglosphere’.
Building on postcolonial and constructivist approaches to international relations, this book argues that the same Eurocentric assumptions about India pervade the foreign policies of the Anglosphere states, international relations theory and the idea of the Anglosphere. The assertion of a shared cultural superiority has long guided the foreign policies of the US, the UK, Canada and Australia, and this has been central to these states’ relationships with postcolonial India. This book details these difficulties through historical and contemporary case studies, which reveal the impossibility of drawing India into Anglosphere-type relationships. At the centre of India-Anglosphere relations, then, is not a shared resonance over liberal ideals, but a postcolonial clash over race, identity and hierarchy.
A valuable contribution to the much-needed scholarly quest to follow a critical lens of inquiry into international relations, this book will be of interest to academics and advanced students in international relations, Indian foreign policy, Asian studies, and those interested in the ‘Anglosphere’ as a concept in international affairs.
Introduction: The Anglosphere’s ‘India Problem’
Part I: The Historical Construction of the Anglosphere
1. India in the Idea of English-Speaking Unity
2. (White) Australia and India
3. India, Canada and the Limits of Liberal Internationalism
Part II: India and an Anglosphere against its Others
4. Hindu Nationalism and the ‘War on Terror’
5. The 2005 India-US Nuclear deal
6. India and the UK in a time of Nostalgia and Nationalism
Conclusion: What is the future of the Anglosphere?
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Assa Doron, Australian National University
Ramaswami Harindranath, UNSW Australia
Kama Macelan, UNSW Australia
Priya Chacko, University of Adelaide, Australia
Meera Ashar, Australian National University
Michael Gillan, University of Western Australia