This book traces the triangular strategic relationship of India, Pakistan and China over the second half of the twentieth century, and shows how two enmities – Sino-Indian and Indo-Pakistani – and one friendship – Sino-Pakistani – defined the distribution of power and the patterns of relationships in a major centre of gravity of international conflict and international change. The three powers are tied to each other and their actions reflect their view of strategic and cultural problems and geopolitics in a volatile area.
The book considers internal debates within the three countries; zones of conflict, including northeast and northwest south Asia, the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean; and the impact of developments in nuclear weapons and missile technology. It examines the destructive consequences of China’s harsh methods in Tibet, of China’s encouragement of military rather than democratic regimes in Pakistan, and of China’s delay in dealing with the border disputes with India. Ashok Kapur shows how the Nehru-Chou rhetoric about "peaceful co-existence" affected the relationship, and how the dynamics of the relationship have changed significantly in recent years as a range of new factors - including India’s increasing closeness to the United States - have moved the relationship into a new phase.
1. Introduction 2. 1950s: From China-India Pretensions and Complicity to Strategic Contentions 3. Theory of Strategic Triangles and its relevance in the Indian Subcontinent and Himalayan Zone 4. Strategic Triangles in the Himalayan Zone; pre-1949 History and 1949-50 5. The Making of Sino-Indian Conflict: Role of Bilateral Actions- Reactions, Third Party Foreign Influences & Domestic Politics in Foreign Policy 6. The Inevitability of Sino-Indian Conflict 7. India Regrouped, China’s Irredentist Escalation Continued (1962- ) and the China-India-Pakistan Triangle Emerged (1963- ) 8. Sino-Indian Manoeuvres That Led to a Strategic Stalemate and Conflict Formation 9. Current Dynamics and a Look to the Future
The aim of this series is to publish original, high-quality work by both new and established scholars in the West and the East on all aspects of security in Asia.