1st Edition

Indian, Black and Irish Indigenous Nations, African Peoples, European Invasions, 1492-1790

By James V. Fenelon Copyright 2023
    318 Pages 72 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    318 Pages 72 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book traces 500 years of European-American colonization and racialized dominance, expanding our common assumptions about the ways racialization was used to build capitalism and the modern world-system.

    Professor Fenelon draws on personal experience and the agency of understudied Native (and African) resistance leaders, to weave a story too often hidden or distorted in the annals of the academy, that remains invisible at many universities and historical societies. The book identifies three epochs of racial constructions, colonialism, and capitalism that created the USA. Indigenous nations, the first to be racialized on a global scale, African peoples, enslaved and brought to the Americas, and European immigrants. It offers a sweeping analysis of the forces driving the invasion, occupation, and exploitation of Native America and the significance of labor in American history provided by Indigenous people, Africans, and immigrants, specifically the Irish.

    Indian, Black and Irish makes major contributions toward a deeper understanding of where Supremacy and Sovereignty originated from, and how our modern world has used these socio-political constructions, to build global hegemony that now threatens our very existence, through wars and climate change. It will be a vital resource to those studying history, colonialism, race and racism, labor history, and indigenous peoples.

    1. Introduction: 1490 – 2020 Racial construction of Indians, Blacks, Whites

    2. The Indian: 1492 –1620 Racial construction of Indians and Blacks

    3. The Black: 1620 – 1790 Institutionalizing Racial Codification

    4. Three Revolutions: 1776 – 1790 three Races in a New State



    James V. Fenelon is Professor and Director of Center for Indigenous Peoples Studies, California State University, San Bernardino. Currently he is also the Lang Visiting Professor for Social Change at Swarthmore College. His books include Redskins? Sports Mascots, Indian Nations, and White Racism; Culturicide, Resistance and Survival of the Lakota; and Indigenous Peoples and Globalization (with Thomas Hall).

    "The prosperity of the West was built on the blood and land of Indigenous peoples and the sweat of other people of color. In this magisterial book, Professor Fenelon skillfully weaves the long and thick story of how all Europeans and a myriad of their institutions participated in this process and benefitted from it. After this book, no European or their descendants can claim racial innocence. Bravo Professor Fenelon for this major contribution."

    Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, Duke University, author of Racism Without Racists

    "The history of capital, as Professor James Fenelon shows in this urgent and timely new study, is the history and racism and genocide. The story is told with great clarity, passion, and abundance of historical evidence. At a time when global capitalism is throwing communities around the world into desperate struggles for survival and threatening our very existence, this masterful study is as much a powerful indictment of the past and the present of this out of control system. as it is a dire warning of the future to come if we do not come to terms with the legacy of racism, colonialism, and genocide in the Americas and beyond."

    William I. Robinson, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Author of The Global Police State

    "Once again, Dakota Professor James Fenelon offers a thoughtful, provocative, and engaging history examining race and racism globally. He focuses on Indigenous, Black, and Irish people, offering a global story of people and systems. The book analyzes the impact of colonialism, racism, and Native responses--past and present—of systems designed to denigrate, distort, and exploit. Fenelon focuses on agency and sovereign responses of people faced with rapid change and foreign disruptions. Superbly researched, elegantly written, and wonderfully argued, Fenelon draws on original sources, multiple illustrations, and his own experiences to offer this fascinating, groundbreaking study."

    Clifford E. Trafzer, Rupert Costo Chair in American Indian Affairs , Distinguished Professor of History, University of California, Riverside