This book examines Indian foreign policy and security relations in its eastern regional neighbourhood.
Indian Foreign and Security Policy in South Asia conducts an in-depth analysis into India’s foreign policy towards the three main countries in India’s Eastern neighbourhood – Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In particular, it deals with India’s role in the final years of the civil war in Sri Lanka, its approach to the peace and democratisation process in Nepal, and Indian foreign policy towards Bangladesh on a range of issues including Islamist militancy, migration, border security, and insurgency.
Set within an analytical framework centred on the notions of ‘empire’, ‘hegemony’, and ‘leadership’, the study reveals that India pursued predominantly hegemonic strategies and was not able to generate genuine followership among its smaller neighbours. The South Asian case therefore shows the discrepancy that may exist between the possession of power capabilities and the ability to exercise actual influence: a conclusion which lifts the study from geographical specifics, and extends its relevance to other cases and cross-regional comparisons.
This text will be of much interest to students of Indian foreign policy, Asian security, foreign policy analysis, strategic studies and IR in general.
1. Introduction: India in its Troubled Neighbourhood 2. Empire, Hegemony, and Leadership: Assessing the Strategies of Regional Powers 3. India: The Regional Power in South Asia 4. The Civil War in Sri Lanka and India’s Unsuccessful Hegemonic Strategy 5. Nepal’s Peace Process and India’s Partially Successful Hegemonic Strategy 6. Security Threats from Bangladesh and India’s Failed Hegemonic Strategy 7. South Asia: Lessons Learned
Few regions of the world are fraught with as many security questions as Asia. Within this region it is possible to study great power rivalries, irredentist conflicts, nuclear and ballistic missile proliferation, secessionist movements, ethnoreligious conflicts and inter-state wars. This series publishes the best possible scholarship on the security issues affecting the region, and includes detailed empirical studies, theoretically oriented case studies and policy-relevant analyses as well as more general works.