This book is about the popular cinema of North India ("Bollywood") and how it recasts literary classics. It addresses questions about the interface of film and literature, such as how Bollywood movies rework literary themes, offer different (broader or narrower) interpretations, shift plots, stories, and characters to accommodate the medium and the economics of the genre, sometimes even changing the way literature is read. This book addresses the socio-political implications of popular reinterpretations of "elite culture", exploring gender issues and the perceived "sexism" of the North Indian popular film and how that plays out when literature is reworked into film. Written by an international group of experts on Indian literature and film, the chapters in this book focus on these central questions, but also cover a wide range of literary works that have been adapted in film. Each part of the book discusses how a particular genre of literature has been "recast" into film. The individual chapters focus on comparisons and close studies of individual films or film songs inspired by "classics" of literature. The book will be of interest to those studying Indian film and literature and South Asian popular culture more generally.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1: Indian Epics in Film 1. Bending the Bharata: Two Uncommon Cinematic Adaptations Philip Lutgendorf 2. Family, Feminism, and Film in Remaking the Ramayana Vidyut Aklujkar Part 2. Casting Classical Sanskrit Drama 3. Sakuntala: The Look and the Image in Literature, Theatre, and Cinema Gayatri Chatterjee 4. Mrcchakatikam to Utsav: Recreation of a Sanskrit Classic by Girish Karnad Vidyut Aklujkar Part 3. Saints on the Screen 5. Bhakti Songs Recast: Gulzar’s Meera Movie Heidi Pauwels Part 4. Genre and Themes from Indo-Islamic Culture 6. Religious Culture and Folklore in the Urdu Historical Drama Anarkali, Revisited by Indian Cinema Alain Désoulières 7. From Ghazal to Film Music: The Case of Mirza Ghalib Naseem Hines Part 5. Classics from Colonial Literature 8. Remembering, Repeating, and Working through Devdas Corey K. Creekmur 9. The Political Aesthetic of Nation and Gender in Rituparno Ghosh’s Chokher Bali Mandakranta Bose Part 6. Agenda-Driven Literature 10. Lyrically Speaking: Hindi Film Songs and the Progressive Aesthetic Ali Mir 11. Dharmputra and the Partition of India Cecilia Cossio. Conclusion
Heidi Pauwels is Associate Professor in the Department of Asian Languages and Literature at the University of Washington in Seattle. She teaches both Modern and Old Hindi language and literature, and courses on Hinduism. Her publications include two monographs on sixteenth-century bhakti: Krsna's round dance reconsidered: Hariram Vyas's Hindi Ras-pancadhyayi (1996) and In praise of holy men: Hagiographic poems by and about Hariram Vyas (2002) and various articles in scholarly journals and conference proceedings, including comparisons of medieval and contemporary film and television retellings of the stories of Krishna and Rama.