1st Edition

India’s Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy Strategic Pluralism and Subcultures

By Bernhard Beitelmair-Berini Copyright 2022
    212 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    212 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

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    The book explores the competing grand strategic worldviews shaping India’s foreign and security policies by analyzing the interaction between normative modern international relations theories and vernacular concepts of statecraft and strategy.

    To assess the diverse competing ideas which characterize India’s debates on grand strategy and foreign policy, the author presents the subculture-cleavage model of grand strategic thought. This innovative analytical framework reveals the complexities of India’s strategic pluralism and offers the building blocks for a systematic analysis of grand strategy formation. The book demonstrates that the strategic paradigms, or strategic subcultures, are marked by contending ideas of Indian statehood and civilization, held by policymakers and the informed public, and are a result of ideology-driven perceptions of the country’s strategic environment. The author argues that the apparent hybridization and stretching of modern and traditional concepts of international relations in India has become a widespread feature of Indian foreign policy to meet the needs of state formation and nation-building.

    A unique approach to organizing and understanding the debates and discourse in Indian strategic thinking, the book will be of interest to specialists and students in the field of International Relations, political theory, South Asian Studies, and India’s foreign and security policy.

    Introduction  1. How to Delineate India’s Strategic Pluralism?  2. Strategic Culture as an IR Concept  3. India’s Strategic Culture Debate  4. Cleavage Theory and International Relations  5. India’s Grand Strategic Cleavages  6. A Case Study: India’s Israel Policy  7. The Subculture-Cleavage Model: A Heuristic Tool to Grasp Strategic Pluralism?


    Bernhard Beitelmair-Berini is an associate member of the South Asia Institute (SAI) at Heidelberg University, Germany.