India's Human Security
Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Challenges
India's explosive economic growth and emerging power status make it a key country of interest for policymakers, researchers and scholars within South Asia and around the world. But while many of India's threats and conflicts are strategized and discussed extensively within the confines of security studies, strategic studies and conventional international relations perspectives, many less visible challenges are set to impact significantly on India's potential for economic growth as well as the human security and livelihoods of hundreds of millions of Indian citizens.
Drawing on extensive research within India, this book looks at some of the ‘hidden risks’ that India faces, exploring how a broadened scope of what constitutes ‘risk’ itself holds value for Indian security studies practitioners and policymakers. It highlights several human security risks facing India, including the inability of the world’s largest democracy to deal effectively with widespread poverty and health issues, resource depletion and environmental mismanagement, pervasive corruption and institutionalized crime, communal violence, a protracted Maoist insurgency, and deadlocked peace processes in the Northeast among others. The book extracts common themes from these seemingly disparate problems, discussing what underlying failures allow them to persist and why policymakers heavily securitize some political issues while ignoring others.
Providing an understanding of how several lesser-studied risks can pose potential or actual threats to Indian society and its ‘emerging power’ growth narrative, this book is a useful contribution to South Asian Studies, International Security Studies and Global Politics.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1: Resource Management 1. A nation without hunger? Threats to food security in contemporary India 2. Depleting ground water resources and risks to India’s water security 3. Destroying districts for power: A fight over the Indian heartland 4. The strategic politics of water in South Asia Part 2: Governance 5. Beyond security and development: Exploring links between governance and Maoist insurgency 6. Silent war and silent media: Reporting resistance in Northeast India 7. The violence of migration from Bangladesh to India 8. Opening up to the Golden Triangle: India’s engagement with Myanmar 9. Preventing, predicting or producing risk? India’s national biometric identification Part 3: Development 10. Challenges of urbanization and environmental protection in India 11. Child mortality in rural India: How the ASHA programme works, and how it might fail 12. Competing for investment proposals in Special Economic Zones (SEZs)? Evidence from Indian states, 1998 – 2009 13. Some aspects of inequality in India 14. Facing the future: Responding to human security in India
Jason Miklian is a researcher with the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway, with a background in development studies and international relations. His current research studies the relationships between natural resources, informal economies, governance and violent conflict in South Asia.
Åshild Kolås is a social anthropologist and Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway. She has worked extensively on Tibetan identity, nationhood and ethno-politics in western China. Her current research is on ethnic movements and sovereignty contestations, particularly in Northeast India.